Belarusian Christian Democracy
|Belarusian Christian Democracy|
|Founded||1917 (as BCDU)
2005 (as BCD)
|National affiliation||Belarusian Independence Bloc|
|International affiliation||Centrist Democrat International|
|European affiliation||European Christian Political Movement (associate)|
|Colours||Blue & White|
|House of Representatives:|
|Council of the Republic:|
|Politics of Belarus
The Belarusian Christian Democracy (BCD, BChD, Belarusian: Беларуская хрысьціянская дэмакратыя) is a Christian-democratic political party in Belarus, established in 2005, which claims to be continuation of a short-lived movement with the same name, which existed at the beginning of the 20th century.
Christian Democratic organizations in Belarus before World War II
The Belarusian Christian democratic movement was created in early 20th century mostly by Belarusian theology students and seminarians. The Christian democratic circle in Vilna was publishing the weekly newspaper Biełarus.
In 1917 Belarusian political activists in St. Petersburg created the first Belarusian Christian democratic political organization - the Belarusian Christian Democratic Union (Belarusian: Беларуская хрысьціянска-дэмакратычная злучнасьць). Among the founders of the BCDU were the priests Adam Stankievič and Vincent Hadleŭski.
On November 6, 1927 on the basis of the BCDU a new political party was created in Wilno under the name The Belarusian Christian Democracy. Since then the party was active in West Belarus. While most of other West Belarusian political parties were leftist or even pro-Soviet, the BCD was centre-right.
After unification of West Belarus with the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic, many leaders and members of the BCD became victims to Soviet repressions or were killed by Nazis during the later Occupation of Belarus by Nazi Germany. Practically, party ceased all activities in 1939. During the Soviet times, information about the BCD as well as all other non-communist political organizations was kept in secret, with only state-approved historians having access to relevant archives.
Establishment in modern Belarus
The first attempt to re-establish the BCD took place in 1991. All relevant documents for re-establishment were prepared, but the movement was never registered then.
In 2005 a group of democratic activists created an initiative group to revive the Christian democratic party and are since then active under the brand Belarusian Christian Democracy.
Modern BCD sees promotion of Christian values and Belarusian patriotism in the country as its primary goal. The yet unregistered party is in opposition to president Alexander Lukashenka.
BCD has active contacts with religious groups. Unlike its predominantly Catholic predecessor in early 20th century, the current BCD positions itself as a party uniting also Orthodox and Protestant Christians.
The party was in favor of depriving the Russian language the status of second state language in Belarus. This important status of the Russian language obtained according to a national referendum in 1995, when for making the Russian language the status of state voted 83.3% of the population who took part in the referendum.
- Ці прыжывецца ў Беларусі хрысьціянская дэмакратыя?
- Об отказе в государственной регистрации Социального общественного объединения «БХД»
- Official website of modern BCD
- A project of the BCD dedicated to victims of Soviet repressions in Belarus
- English version of Official website of the BCD