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Belavia Belarusian Airlines
Belavia logo.png
Founded 5 March 1996
Hubs Minsk National Airport
Frequent-flyer program Belavia Leader
Fleet size 25
Destinations 40
Parent company Government of Belarus
Headquarters Minsk, Belarus
Key people Anatoliy Nikolaevich Gusarov (General Director)
Belavia head office
A Belavia Tupolev Tu-134 at Kazan Airport, Russia. (2008)

Republic Unitary Enterprise "National Aircompany Belavia" (Belarusian: Рэспубліканскае унітарнае прадпрыемства «Нацыянальная авіякампанія «Белавія»; Russian: Республиканское унитарное предприятие «Национальная авиакомпания «Белавиа»), operating as Belavia Belarusian Airlines is the national airline company of Belarus, headquartered in Minsk.[1] The state-owned company is the Belarusian flag carrier. Belavia serves a network of routes between European cities and the Commonwealth of Independent States, as well as some Middle East destinations. Its base is Minsk International Airport.[2] The airline has 1,017 employees.[2] In the last six years, the airline has seen its passenger numbers double and in 2009 handled just under 700,000 customers.[3]


Early years[edit]

On 7 November 1933, the first Belarusian air terminal opened in Minsk. In the next spring 3 Po-2 aircraft landed in Minsk. They became the first aircraft of the Belarusian air fleet. In 1936 the first regular air route between Minsk and Moscow was established. In the summer of 1940 the Belarusian civil aviation group was officially founded.

In 1964, the Tupolev Tu-124 aircraft received Belarusian registration.

In 1973, the then new Tupolev Tu-134A began operating in Belarus. In 1983 Belarusian aviation started flying the new Tupolev Tu-154 planes.

On 1 February 1985, a Soviet Tupolev Tu-134 crashed near Minsk killing at least 58 out of 80 people on board. The accident happened due to clear ice ingestion into the engines as a result of inadequate deicing before takeoff. Both engines sustained serious damage and stalled.

The airline was officially founded on 5 March 1996 in accordance with a resolution of the Belarusian Government "About the restructuring of air transport of the Republic Belarus", when the local Aeroflot division was nationalised and renamed. Between then and 1998 Belavia opened regular routes to Beijing, Istanbul, Larnaca, London, Prague, and Rome.

In 1998, Belavia merged with Minsk Avia, acquiring several Antonov An-24, Antonov An-26 and Yakovlev Yak-40 aircraft in addition to existing fleet of Tupolev Tu-134 and Tupolev Tu-154 airplanes.

Development since the 2000s[edit]

On 18 May 2001, Belavia commenced a Minsk-Paris scheduled service with Tu154s and Tu134s. In 2003 Belavia started publishing an in-flight magazine Horizons in English, Russian and Belarusian (partially).

On 16 October 2003, Belavia signed a leasing agreement for its first Boeing 737-500 aircraft.

In 2004, Belavia further extended operations and acquired one more Boeing 737. On 26 June 2004 Belavia opened a new route to Hanover, Germany. 2011 opened the airline its route between Minsk and Helsinki-Vantaa in Finland. This flight is a joint service with Finnair

Three leased Bombardier CRJ 100 aircraft were introduced on regional services from Minsk. The first one was delivered in February 2007, with the other two later in 2007. They directly replaced the aging Antonov An-24 and Tupolev Tu-134 aircraft.[4] Belavia is considering adding longhaul aircraft to its fleet to introduce new routes to China and North America. It was looking to lease two Bombardier CRJ-700 in 2010.[5] Belavia had planned to retire its remaining Tupolev Tu-154Ms by 2011 (following the retirement of its last Tupolev Tu-134 in summer 2009 which was replaced by an ex-FlyLAL Boeing 737-500). On 27 June 2014 an order was announced for three Boeing Next Generation 737-800 models to be acquired directly by Belavia.

The government is reportedly also considering merging regional carrier Gomelavia and cargo operator Trans Avia Export into Belavia.


Belavia flies to Asia, Europe and Africa from its base at Minsk International Airport. In addition to scheduled destinations listed here, Belavia operates charter flights to leisure destinations and VIP charters.

Main article: Belavia destinations

Codeshare agreements[edit]

Belavia has codeshare agreement with the following airlines (as of June 2013):[6]


Belavia Boeing 737-500 taking off at Frankfurt Airport, Germany. (2010)
A Belavia Bombardier CRJ200 at Berlin Schönefeld Airport, Germany (2010).
A Belavia Embraer 175LR landing at Barcelona Airport, Spain (2013).


The current Belavia fleet consists mostly of newer western regional and short-to-medium range twinjets and Tupolev trijets. Western-built aircraft are used on all routes, unlike the Tupolevs, which are used mostly for charter services. The fleet also includes governmental Boeing 767, Boeing BBJ2, Bombardier Challenger 850 and Tupolev Tu-154M.

As of June 2013, the Belavia fleet consists of the following aircraft:[8][9][10][11][12][13]

Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
C Y Total
Boeing 737-300 8[14] 0 148 148 Replacing Tupolev Tu-154
Boeing 737-500 3 8 112 120 Some to be replaced by Embraer 190[15]
138-seater has flexible two-class layout
2 8 115 123
1 0 138 138
Boeing 737-800 1 2 0 189 189 Order announced at news at 27 June. 2014
Boeing 737-BBJ2 1 VIP Operated for the Government of Belarus
Boeing 767-300ER 1
Challenger 850 1
Bombardier CRJ200 5 50 50 To be replaced By Embraer 195
Embraer 175 2[16][17] 1 12 64 76[18] Same livery as existing fleet, with addition of winglets carrying Belavia logo[19]
Embraer 195 2 0 TBA Replacement to some Boeing 737-500,[15] to be delivered in 2013 additional 4 options Will replace the CRJ 200 AS soon AS possible
Tupolev Tu-154M 2 131-164 To be replaced by Boeing 737-800
1 70 operated for the Government of Belarus
Total 30 3

As of March 2013, the average age of western-built Belavia fleet was 14.5 years.[20]

Past fleet[edit]

Belavia Past fleet[21]
Aircraft Notes
Antonov An-24 Acquired in 1998 from MinskAvia
Antonov An-26 Acquired in 1998 from MinskAvia
Ilyushin Il-86 EW-86062,[22] ex СССР-86062, then RA-86062 to Atlant-Soyuz Airlines.[23]
Was used in 1994—1996 on charter routes to US and China.[24]
Tupolev Tu-124
Tupolev Tu-134A
Tupolev Tu-154B One used as Training Mock-up
Tupolev Tu-154B1 Scrapped
Tupolev Tu-154B2 6 scrapped, 9 stored at MSQ
One used as Training Mock-up[25]
Yakovlev Yak-40 Acquired in 1998 from MinskAvia

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 6 January 2003, a Yakovlev Yak-40 suffered a shattered windshield during flight, en route to Prague. Two Czech Air Force fighters accompanied the plane to a safe landing in Ruzyně International Airport.[26]
  • On 14 February 2008, Belavia Flight 1834, a Bombardier CRJ-100ER en route from Yerevan, Armenia, to Minsk hit its left wing on the runway during takeoff from Zvartnots International Airport, subsequently crashing on the ground, flipping over and coming to a stop inverted near the runway. All 18 passengers and 3 crew members managed to escape the aircraft before it erupted into flames, partly due to the timely response of the fire and rescue crew at the airport. The main cause of the crash was icing contamination leading to a stall of the left wing.[27]


  1. ^ "Belavia website: Contacts". Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  2. ^ a b "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-03-27. pp. 84–85. 
  3. ^ "Belavia now serving 32 destinations from Minsk; Stockholm and Tehran latest additions to growing network". Airline Route News & Analysis. 
  4. ^ Airliner World, February 2007
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Partner Airlines". Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  7. ^ "Код-шеринговое соглашение между авиакомпаниями "Белавиа" и "Северсталь" вступит в силу 10 июля". BELTA. 8 July 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  8. ^ Belavia. "Belavia fleet list at". Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  9. ^ "Official Belavia fleet.". Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  10. ^
  11. ^ "БЕЛАВИА - Национальная авиакомпания Республики Беларусь - Флот Белавиа пополнился!". 7 April 2010. Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  12. ^ "Belavia Fleet Details and History - Just Aviation". Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  13. ^ "Belavia press-release (05 Mar 2011)/Russian". 5 Mar 2011. Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  14. ^
  15. ^ a b "Aviaport digest, Nov. 02, 2011" (in Russian). Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  16. ^ "Belavia buys Embraer-175 jet - Economy / News / Belarus News | Belarusian news | Belarus today | news in Belarus | Minsk news | BELTA - Belarus News | Belarusian news | Belarus today | news in Belarus | Minsk news | BELTA". Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  17. ^ Belavia official Facebook page
  18. ^ "Aviaport news for 07 december 2011" (in Russian). 07.12.2011. Retrieved 2013-02-04.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  19. ^
  20. ^ [1]
  21. ^ "БЕЛАВИА - Национальная авиакомпания Республики Беларусь - История компании". Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  22. ^ Gerard Helmer (1994-09-09). "Photos: Ilyushin Il-86 Aircraft Pictures". Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  23. ^ "* п░п╜п═п·п╓п⌡п·п╒". Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  24. ^
  25. ^ "Штурм самолета, нейтрализация "террористов" и освобождение "заложников" | Фоторепортаж | Новости Беларуси | Последние новости | Онлайн новости | Мировые новости | БелТА". Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  26. ^ Pravda Canopy of Belarusian Yak-40 burst in air. Published 6 January 2003.
  27. ^ Interstate Aviation Committee (MAK) (2009-06-04). "Final Report of Belavia Flight 1834" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-08-31. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Belavia at Wikimedia Commons