Belfast Duncairn (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former Borough constituency|
|for the House of Commons|
|Number of members||one|
|Replaced by||Belfast North|
|Created from||Belfast North|
Duncairn, a division of Belfast, was a UK parliamentary constituency in Ireland. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1918 to 1922, using the first past the post electoral system.
Boundaries and boundary changes
The constituency was a strongly unionist area. There was no real chance of a republican or nationalist candidate being elected. Carson was the Unionist leader in the House of Commons. His chief opponent was Major William Hamilton Davey, recently returned from France following the armistice. A barrister in civilian life, Major Davey stood for Home Rule and retained his deposit. During the course of the campaign Carson mistakenly referred to Major Davey as a 'Sinn Feiner' which led to damages being awarded to Major Davey in a his subsequent legal action for slander.
The First Dáil
Sinn Féin contested the general election of 1918 on the platform that instead of taking up any seats they won in the United Kingdom Parliament, they would establish a revolutionary assembly in Dublin. In republican theory every MP elected in Ireland was a potential Deputy to this assembly. In practice only the Sinn Féin members accepted the offer.
The revolutionary First Dáil assembled on 21 January 1919 and last met on 10 May 1921. The First Dáil, according to a resolution passed on 10 May 1921, was formally dissolved on the assembling of the Second Dáil. This took place on 16 August 1921.
In 1921, Sinn Féin decided to use the UK-authorised elections for the Northern Ireland House of Commons and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland as a poll for the Irish Republic's Second Dáil. Duncairn was, in republican theory, incorporated in a four-member Dáil constituency of Belfast North.
Members of Parliament
|1918||Rt. Hon. Sir Edward Henry Carson||Irish Unionist|
|1921 (b)||Thomas Edward McConnell||Ulster Unionist|
|General Election 14 December 1918: Belfast Duncairn|
|Irish Unionist||Rt Hon Sir Edward Henry Carson||11,637||81.05||N/A|
|Irish Nationalist||William Hamilton Davey||2,449||17.06||N/A|
|Sinn Féin||Dr Russell McNab||271||1.89||N/A|
|Irish Unionist gain from new seat||Swing||N/A|
- Carson appointed a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary and created Baron Carson
|By-Election 23 June 1921: Belfast Duncairn|
|UUP||Thomas Edward McConnell||Unopposed||N/A||N/A|
- List of UK Parliament Constituencies in Ireland and Northern Ireland
- Redistribution of Seats (Ireland) Act 1918
- MPs elected in the UK general election, 1918
- List of Dáil Éireann constituencies in Ireland (historic)
- Members of the 1st Dáil
- Redistribution of Seats (Ireland) Act 1918, Second Schedule, Part I
- Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801–1922, edited by B.M. Walker (Royal Irish Academy 1978)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume III 1919–1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1979)
- Information about boundaries of the constituency derived from the map of Northern Ireland Parliament constituencies (in force from 1921) and the wards included in the Belfast UK Parliament seats (in force 1922) for which see Northern Ireland Parliamentary Election Results 1921–1972, by Sydney Elliott (Political Reference Publications 1973) and Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885–1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1972) respective
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]