Belfast International Airport

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Belfast International Airport
Belfast/Aldergrove Airport
Belfast int.png
Belfast International Airport - geograph.org.uk - 119152.jpg
IATA: BFSICAO: EGAA
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner ADC & HAS.[1]
Operator Belfast International Airport Ltd.
Serves Belfast, United Kingdom
Location Aldergrove, County Antrim,
Northern Ireland
Elevation AMSL 268 ft / 82 m
Coordinates 54°39′27″N 006°12′57″W / 54.65750°N 6.21583°W / 54.65750; -6.21583Coordinates: 54°39′27″N 006°12′57″W / 54.65750°N 6.21583°W / 54.65750; -6.21583
Website www.belfastairport.com
Map
EGAA is located in Northern Ireland
EGAA
EGAA
Location in Northern Ireland
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 2,780 9,121 Asphalt
17/35 1,891 6,204 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 4,023,336
Passenger change 12-13 Decrease6.7%
Aircraft Movements 54,003
Movements change 12-13 Decrease6.9%
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[2]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[3]

Belfast International Airport (IATA: BFSICAO: EGAA) is a major airport located 11.5 NM (21.3 km; 13.2 mi)[2] northwest of Belfast in Northern Ireland. It was formerly known and is still referred to as Aldergrove Airport, after the nearby village of Aldergrove, which lies immediately to the west of the airport. The airfield was previously shared with the Royal Air Force base RAF Aldergrove, which closed in 2008; the base is now known as Joint Helicopter Command Flying Station, Aldergrove, and both runways are now owned by the airport.

Around 4 million passengers travelled through the airport in 2013, a 6.7% decrease on 2012.[3] This is due to Aer Lingus withdrawing from the airport in late 2012, the passenger numbers are likely to improve due to new routes in 2014. Belfast International is the busiest airport in Northern Ireland and the second busiest airport on the island of Ireland in terms of passenger numbers after Dublin Airport, and is followed by Belfast-City, Cork and Shannon.

The airport is owned by ADC & HAS,[4] the same company which owns Stockholm Skavsta, Orlando Sanford International Airport, Daniel Oduber Quirós International Airport, Mariscal Sucre International Airport & Juan Santamaría International Airport.

Belfast International has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P798) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction. The airport's rather distant location compared to Belfast-City means that the airport operates 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.

History[edit]

1917-1945[edit]

The airport lies within the parish of Killead, between the small villages of Killead (to the east) and Aldergrove (to the west). The site for the airport was established in 1917 when it was selected to be a Royal Flying Corps training establishment during the First World War. The airport remained open at the end of the war for RAF activity.

Civil traffic began in 1922 when flights were conducted flying newspapers from Chester, and a regular civil air service started in 1933. The flight was to Glasgow and was operated by Midland and Scottish Air Ferries. This was subsequently augmented by flights to the Isle of Man, Liverpool and Croydon, then London’s airport.

During the Second World War, Aldergrove remained an RAF base particularly for the Coastal Command. So that the airport could accommodate larger, long-range aircraft, a major works programme was undertaken to replace the four existing runways with two new long paved runways, thereby forming the basis of the layout that still exists at the airport today.

1946-1970[edit]

One of the outcomes of the wartime airfield construction programme was the building of Nutts Corner Airport, just 3 mi (4.8 km) from Aldergrove. On 1 December 1946, the new site replaced Belfast Harbour Airport (now George Best Belfast City Airport) as Northern Ireland’s civil airport, as the site at Sydenham was considered unsuitable.

By the 1950s civil air traffic had outstripped the facilities at Nutts Corner and, in addition, aircraft were being regularly diverted to Aldergrove because of adverse weather conditions. In July 1959 the decision was made to move civil flights to Aldergrove to take advantage of the large airfield and this took place in October 1963.

A new terminal and apron were built with the necessary passenger facilities and the complex was opened by Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother on 28 October 1963. In 1966 the first regular jet service to London-Gatwick started and in 1968 Aer Lingus and BOAC introduced scheduled services to New York City via Shannon and Glasgow-Prestwick respectively.

1971-1997[edit]

In 1971 Northern Ireland Airports Limited was formed to operate and develop the airport and its facilities. A major programme of airfield upgrades was undertaken resulting in improvements to runways, taxiways and the parking apron.

A new International Pier was built together with lounge facilities and car parks, while an additional apron was provided to separate the smaller general aviation aircraft from large commercial jets. In the meantime, British Airways launched the first Belfast to Heathrow shuttle service, and the first Boeing 747 operated from the airport on a charter service to Toronto via Shannon. The first scheduled service to a European city was started by NLM Cityhopper (now KLM Cityhopper) flying to Amsterdam.

In 1983 the airport, renamed Belfast International, was regularly accommodating the largest civil aircraft in service, and with the installation of new technology was capable of all weather operations. In 1985 passenger numbers reached 1.5 million and BMI went into competition with British Airways on the Heathrow service. Further developments to the terminal occurred throughout the late 1980s and early 1990s. A new Executive Aviation Terminal was opened in 1987 and the new cargo centre opened in 1991.

The airport was privatised in 1994. TBI became the new owners of the airport on 13 August 1996, by which time annual passenger numbers had reached 2.5 million.

1998 to 2006[edit]

Curbside of the terminal building.

In 1998 EasyJet started operations from the airport with flights to London Luton. Since then the airline has established a large base at Belfast International and a further eleven domestic routes and fifteen direct European scheduled routes have been added to the network, making the airline the largest user of the airport.[5]

In 2005 Continental Airlines launched the first ever direct scheduled service to Newark, and direct scheduled services were later introduced to Vancouver with Zoom Airlines but have now ceased following the carrier's demise in August 2008.

2007 to 2012[edit]

In December 2007 Aer Lingus opened a base at Belfast International, its third hub (and first outside the Republic of Ireland). By March 2008 three Airbus A320 aircraft were based at the airport serving nine Aer Lingus routes from Belfast, restoring the link between Belfast International and London Heathrow Airport which was abandoned by British Airways.[6] However, this link ceased in 2012 when Aer Lingus transferred operations to George Best airport.

Between 2006 - 2008, both easyJet and Aer Lingus established a number of new routes for Belfast including Berlin, Budapest, Prague, Rome, Munich and Venice, all of which were eventually scrapped. The Prague and Rome routes all have since restarted. During 2008 Wizz Air operated the routes to Warsaw and Katowice, they we stopped soon after.

Flyglobespan previously operated summer seasonal services to Orlando Sanford International Airport and John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport. These routes ceased following the carrier's demise in December 2009.

Despite these additional flights, passengers at Belfast International did not rise beyond 6 million in 2008 as some had predicted but in fact fell by 10,000 passengers to 5.2 million.

Work has been completed within the airport to move the 'Central Search' area from its previous location, this is part of a bigger plan to increase the area for the main departure Lounge.[7] In addition, as of June 2010 the airport's new drop off zone has been completed and implemented at the front of the complex. The airport has one jetway located on the international pier that allows speedy boarding. It is used on the Newark Service as well as other charter and high density services to mainland Europe and some transcontinental services. The single terminal is large and accommodates most aircraft. The terminal serves all destinations.

In January 2011, Bmibaby moved to George Best Belfast City Airport in order to keep its operation under one roof with sister company BMI.[8] A few months later, easyJet announced that its London-Luton route would return to Belfast International and a route to Manchester would commence on 31 October 2011.[9]

In July 2011 easyJet announced its fourth London destination to London Southend. In late 2011 and early 2012 the airport invested money into the infrastructure of the airport. This has included surface repairs on the apron, essential repair work under runway 07/25, reconfiguration of the exit hall for international arrivals and converting the domestic arrivals hall to an airside area, which is now complete. Resurfacing of the aircraft stands has begun. In early 2012 Easyjet announced a new route to Birmingham starting in late October 2012. In July 2012 Aer Lingus confirmed it will move its operation to Belfast City Airport, commencing on 28 October 2012 at the start of its winter schedule.

2013 to date[edit]

Check in area.

On 8 April 2013, the leisure airline Jet2.com announced that all flights would be suspended from the airport until further notice. It is believed to be due to an 'unsafe runway'. On Tuesday 9 April 2013 Jet2.com and Belfast International Airport came to an agreement to start operations again from Wednesday 10 April 2013 but Jet2.com will use the runway 17/35 at the airfield for all operations until the runway works on 25/07 is complete. Jet2.com used George Best Belfast City Airport for domestic flights and City of Derry Airport for international flights during the short period of suspension.[10][11]

On 17 and 18 June 2013 the leaders of the G8 countries met at the Lough Erne resort and a number of special aircraft movements and heightened security were in evidence at the airport. In July 2013, It was confirmed that abertis would sell Belfast International Airport, Stockholm Skavsta & Orlando Sanford International Airport to ADC & HAS which is based in America.

On 9 September 2013 easyJet celebrated its 15th anniversary at Belfast International Airport by staging a water arch salute for arriving aircraft & announcing two new routes to Jersey Airport on the Channel Islands and Bordeaux Airport in France with them going on sale from the 23 October 2013.[12]

On 11 June 2014 United Airlines announced that the daily flight to Newark will be suspended from 6 January 2015 before resuming again on 11 March 2015.[13]

On 13 June 2014 Thomas Cook announced that it will operate flights to Las Vegas, the flights will commence from 5 July 2015.[14]

On 8 July 2014, easyJet announced that they will begin a twice weekly year round service to Rekjavík in Iceland.

On 16 July 2014, Virgin Atlantic announced that it will operate a weekly flight to Orlando International Airport. This route will begin in June 2015 using a B747-400 aircraft.[15]

On 25 July 2014, Jet2 announced that it will be creating 86 new jobs at Belfast International Airport with the announcement of four new routes from the airport. Rome and Prague will operate out of the airport twice weekly whilst Gran Canaria and Zante will operate one flight per week, meaning that an extra aircraft will be needed for Summer 2015.[16]

On 6 August 2014, Wizz Air announced that it will fly to Vilnius. This route will operate twice weekly from April 2015.[16]

On 26 August 2014, Wizz Air announced another route to Katowice. This route will operate twice weekly from March 2015.[17]

On 6 November 2014 easyjet announced a new route to Split in Croatia. On 20 November 2014, Easyjet announced that it is planning to launch new routes in the future to Greece and the Canary Islands. Also it stated in its interview with the Belfast Telegraph that it will base four Airbus A319 aircraft and one Airbus A320 aircraft at the airport in 2015. They also stated that they have no intention to move to Belfast City Airport.[18]

Aer Lingus Lawsuit[edit]

On 10 November 2014, Belfast International Airport announced that it was suing Aer lingus for alleged breach of contract following its move to George Best Belfast City Airport. At the time the Dublin-based carrier was mid-way through a 10-year deal to fly from Aldergrove. [19] The court case will begin in April 2015, Belfast International Airport is expected to sue the airline for £20 million.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Summer seasonal charter: Corfu (begins 22 June 2015), Heraklion, Rhodes
Air Europa Summer seasonal charter: Palma de Mallorca
BH Air Summer seasonal charter: Burgas
easyJet Alicante, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Birmingham, Bristol, Edinburgh, Faro, Glasgow-International, Kraków, Liverpool, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, London-Stansted, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Reykjavík-Keflavík (begins 12 December 2014)
Summer seasonal: Bordeaux, Ibiza, Jersey, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Split (begins 20 May 2015)
Winter seasonal: Geneva
Jet2.com Tenerife-South, Lanzarote
Summer seasonal: Alicante, Dubrovnik, Faro, Gran Canaria (begins 12 May 2015), Ibiza, Málaga, Mahon, Murcia, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Prague (begins 3 April 2015), Rome-Fiumicino (begins 2 April 2015), Reus, Zakynthos (begins 27 May 2015)
Winter seasonal: Geneva
Winter seasonal charter: Plovdiv, Salzburg (begins 20 December 2014), Toulouse (begins 21 December 2014)
Nouvelair Summer seasonal charter: Enfidha
Onur Air Summer seasonal charter: Dalaman
Pegasus Airlines Summer seasonal charter: Dalaman
SunExpress Summer seasonal charter: Dalaman (begins 26 June 2015)[20]
Thomas Cook Airlines Charter: Lanzarote, Tenerife-South
Summer seasonal charter: Alicante, Bodrum, Dalaman, Enfidha (ends 3 May 2015), Heraklion, Ibiza, Larnaca, Las Vegas (begins 5 July 2015),[21] Orlando-International, Palma de Mallorca, Reus
Winter seasonal charter: Fuerteventura (begins 4 November 2015),[22] Gran Canaria, Varadero (begins 29 January 2016)[23]
Thomson Airways Summer seasonal charter: Burgas, Corfu, Dalaman, Gran Canaria, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Málaga, Mahon, Palma de Mallorca, Reus, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South
Winter seasonal charter: Rovaniemi
United Airlines Seasonal: Newark[24]
Virgin Atlantic Seasonal: Orlando (begins 25 June 2015)[25]
Wizz Air Katowice (begins 31 March 2015), Vilnius (begins 22 April 2015)

Cargo[edit]

Belfast International Airport is one of the most important regional airfreight centres in the UK, handling 48,000 tonnes (47,000 long tons; 53,000 short tons) of air cargo in 2008.[26] BIA plays host to a long-established nightly Royal Mail operation. Fedex Feeder announced its base on 8 November 2011, basing one ATR. The major cargo operators are:

Airlines Destinations
Atlantic Airlines East Midlands
DHL Aviation East Midlands
Jet2.com East Midlands, London-Stansted
Royal Mail
operated by Avion Express for Loganair
Seasonal: Edinburgh
Star Air (Maersk Air) London-Stansted, East Midlands, Edinburgh
FedEx Feeder Birmingham, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
TNT Airways East Midlands, Liege

Statistics[edit]

In 2007, the airport hit a record of 5.3 million passengers which is the highest in the airport's history. The figure remained static in 2008 but the figure declined sharply in 2009 to 4.5 million and again in 2010 to 4 million.[3] Figures for 2011 indicated a small rise to 4.1 million, while a larger increase then occurred to 4.5 million in 2012, returning the total to 2009 levels. 2013 figures indicated a decrease to 4 million, which is roughly a return to the 2010 figures. The airport is the busiest in Northern Ireland and the second busiest airport on the island of Ireland, after Dublin Airport. Belfast International was the 13th busiest airport in the UK by passenger traffic in 2013, with a decrease of 6.7%.[3]

A United Airlines Boeing 757 at Belfast International.
An Aer Lingus Airbus A320 at Belfast International.
An easyJet Airbus A319 at Belfast International.

Busiest international routes to and from Belfast International Airport (2013)[3]

Rank Airport Passengers
2013
Passengers
2012
 % Change
2012 / 13
1  Spain - Palma 138 361 131 272 Increase05
2  Spain - Alicante 107 550 137 908 Decrease022
3  Netherlands - Amsterdam 104 575 116 410 Decrease010
4  Spain - Malaga 101 672 154 982 Decrease034
5  Portugal - Faro 99 862 154 848 Decrease036
6  United States - Newark 85 146 83 607 Increase02
7  France - Paris Charles de Gaulle 79 907 81 560 Decrease02
8  Spain - Tenerife 71 631 74 201 Decrease03
9  Spain - Barcelona 48 341 75 471 Decrease036
10  Poland - Krakow 46 406 44 838 Increase03
11  Spain - Lanzarote 45 014 75 033 Decrease040
12   Switzerland - Geneva 30 940 30 101 Increase03
13  Turkey - Dalaman 30 314 34 819 Decrease013
14  Malta - Malta 28 708 28 141 Increase02
15  Spain - Reus 27 098 23 025 Increase018
16  Spain - Las Palmas 22 699 30 833 Decrease026
17  Spain - Murcia 22 373 27 731 Decrease019
18  Spain - Ibiza 21 992 26 774 Decrease018
19  France - Nice 19 986 22 639 Decrease012
20  Spain - Mahon 17 444 13 759 Increase027
Busiest domestic routes to and from Belfast International Airport (2013)[3]
Rank Airport Passengers
2013
Passengers
2012
 % Change
2012/ 13
1 Liverpool 413 924 447 571 Decrease08
2 London Gatwick 385 696 353 248 Increase09
3 London Stansted 297 076 311 454 Decrease05
4 Glasgow International 250 844 266 987 Decrease06
5 Edinburgh 244 726 237 242 Increase03
6 London Luton 235 528 230 104 Increase02
7 Bristol 226 217 217 182 Increase04
8 Newcastle 192 513 193 123 Decrease01
9 Manchester 189 969 149 334 Increase027
10 Birmingham 158 591 24 892 Increase0537

Transport links[edit]

Road[edit]

Travellers by car from Belfast reach the airport via the M2 motorway. The airport operates four car parks, three on-site car parks and one off-site car park. The on-site short stay and main car parks are situated within easy walking distance of the terminal building, and an on demand courtesy bus operates to and from the on-site long stay car park. The off-site short or long stay car park called 'Park and Fly' is located just before the main entrance to the airport and is also serviced by a courtesy bus.[28]

Bus[edit]

Translink operates a 24 hour number 300 express bus service to the airport from their Europa Buscentre, in the centre of Belfast. The airport can be reached from Derry and the northwest by the Airporter.

Train[edit]

The nearest railway station is the Antrim railway station which is 10 km (6.2 mi) from the airport in Antrim, and is serviced by a bus link called the Antrim Airlink (109 A). There are connections to Belfast, Lisburn and Derry/Londonderry. Trains to and from Dublin are via Belfast Central railway station, which has its own Airbus stop. A new station serving the airport could one day be constructed on the mothballed Lisburn-Antrim railway line as set out in the airport master plan. This line remains in serviceable condition and passes close to the airport terminal. It has also been listed in a public review of the future of Northern Ireland railways which would see the airport being served by train by the year 2020.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 23 December 1997, a Maersk Air Boeing 737 aircraft operated by British Airways and with 63 passengers and 6 crew on board was forced to return to the airport after a major failure in the starboard engine. The pilot declared an emergency and the aircraft returned to the airport safely on one engine. It was later found that an engine seal had failed, causing catastrophic engine failure and slight damage to the engine cowling and under-wing surface. The subsequent investigation uncovered design and manufacturing defects with the seals and led to the incorporation of new design seals in all future engines.[30]
  • On 31 October 2010, a bomb was found inside a Toyota Carina parked in the long-stay car park and Army bomb disposal experts dismantled it. It is believed that the car and bomb had been in the car park since 2009. It was only discovered when workers were getting ready to tow the vehicle out of the car park. Many passengers had to spend the night in hotels or arrange alternative transport as they were unable to get to their cars.[31][32]

Trivia[edit]

  • There is also an unusually large population of Irish Hares (Mountain Hares) at the airport. The airport is a very good location for them because they have a large amount of vegetation and cover from Foxes.[33]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Airport sale agreed - Belfast International Airport. Belfastairport.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
  2. ^ a b "Belfast/Aldergrove - EGAA". Nats-uk.ead-it.com. Retrieved 2012-07-12. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "CAA: UK Annual Airport Statistics". UK Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  4. ^ "albertis - Belfast International Airport". Belfast International Airport. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  5. ^ "easyJet Route Map". easyJet. 
  6. ^ "Belfast International Airport lands Aer Lingus". Belfast International Airport Press Office. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  7. ^ Belfastairport.com
  8. ^ bmibaby launch new services from Belfast City Airport
  9. ^ Easyjet Announce Return of Luton Route and Add New Flights to Manchester
  10. ^ https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=567488309951865&id=200582363309130
  11. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-22063816
  12. ^ http://www.belfastairport.com/en/news/8/273/easyjet-announce-new-routes-to-bordeaux-and-jersey.html
  13. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-27801890
  14. ^ http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/local-national/northern-ireland/flights-to-orlando-and-las-vegas-from-northern-ireland-unveiled-30350763.html
  15. ^ http://www.belfastairport.com/en/news/1/372/new-virgin-atlantic-service-from-belfast-to-orlando.html
  16. ^ a b http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-28479009
  17. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-28937964
  18. ^ http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/business/news/easyjet-adds-new-aircraft-to-belfast-base-wishlist-of-routes-includes-greece-and-canary-islands-30755691.html
  19. ^ http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/local-national/northern-ireland/belfast-international-airport-suing-aer-lingus-for-20-million-over-alleged-breach-of-contract-30732194.html
  20. ^ http://www.thomascookairlines.com/Select.aspx
  21. ^ http://www.thomascookairlines.com/Search.aspx
  22. ^ http://www.belfastairport.com/en/news/4/399/new-flights-to-cuba--fuerteventura-and-las-vegas.html
  23. ^ http://www.belfastairport.com/en/news/4/399/new-flights-to-cuba--fuerteventura-and-las-vegas.html
  24. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/06/14/ua-w14update1/
  25. ^ http://www.belfastairport.com/en/news/8/372/new-virgin-atlantic-service-from-belfast-to-orlando.html
  26. ^ "Key facts". Belfast International Airport. Retrieved 2009-09-01. 
  27. ^ Number of Movements represents total air transport takeoffs and landings during that year.
  28. ^ http://www.biaparkandfly.com/
  29. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 9 October 2009. 
  30. ^ "AAIB.gov.uk". AAIB.gov.uk. 1997-12-23. Retrieved 2011-02-03. 
  31. ^ "Small bomb found in car at Belfast International Airport". BBC. 2010-10-31. Retrieved 2011-02-03. 
  32. ^ "BBC News - Belfast International Airport bomb 'there for a year'". Bbc.co.uk. 2010-11-01. Retrieved 2011-02-03. 
  33. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ym1oL5gG-fk&list=UUQB7MMpDxQoWTVZkJaEKjxw&index=21

External links[edit]

Media related to Belfast International Airport at Wikimedia Commons