Belfries of Belgium and France

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Belfries of Belgium and France
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
World Heritage belfries map.svg
Belfry locations
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 943
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1999 (23rd Session)
Extensions 2005

The Belfries of Belgium and France is a group of 56 historical buildings designated by UNESCO as World Heritage Site, in recognition of an architectural manifestation of emerging civic independence in historic Flanders and neighbouring regions from feudal and religious influences, leading to a degree of local democracy of great significance in the history of humankind.

UNESCO inscribed 32 towers onto its list of Belfries of Flanders and Wallonia in 1999. In 2005, the belfry of Gembloux in the Walloon Region of Belgium and 23 belfries from the Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardy regions in the northern tip of France were appended to the renamed list. A notable omission is the Brussels City Hall belfry, as it was already part of the Grand Place World Heritage Site.

Besides civic belfries, or buildings such as city halls that rather obviously may have rendered a similar service, the list includes religious buildings that also had served as watchtower or alarm bell tower: the Cathedral of Our Lady in Antwerp and the St. Rumbolds Tower in Mechelen Flanders, and the St. Leonard's Church in Zoutleeuw (Flemish Brabant). Few of them are standalone towers; most are connected to larger buildings.

Belgium[edit]

ID numbers correspond to the order in the complete list ID 943/943bis from UNESCO, see External links.

Flanders[edit]

Antwerp[edit]

ID 943-002 Antwerp Cathedral of Our Lady
ID 943-003 Antwerp City Hall [1] 
ID 943-009 Herentals Former City & 'Laken'(Cloth) Hall
ID 943-013 Lier City Hall and Belfry tower
ID 943-016 Mechelen St. Rumbolds Tower of the cathedral [2]
ID 943-015 Mechelen Old Cloth Hall with Belfry, oldest part of the present-day City Hall [3]

West Flanders[edit]

ID 943-004 Bruges Belfry known as Halletoren (Tower of the Halls) and [Market] Halls
ID 943-006 Diksmuide City Hall and Belfry
ID 943-011 Kortrijk Belfry known as Halletoren (Tower of the Hall) [4]
ID 943-014 Lo-Reninge (Lo) Former City Hall with Belfry, at present a hotel
ID 943-017 Menen City Hall and adjacent Belfry
ID 943-018 Nieuwpoort Grain Hall known as Stadshalle (City's [Market] Hall), with Belfry
ID 943-020 Roeselare City Hall, City's Market Hall, and Belfry
ID 943-022 Tielt Belfry known as Hallentoren (Tower of the Halls), Cloth Hall and Aldermen's Chamber [5]
ID 943-025 Veurne Landhuis ("country-house", former seat of the Viscounty of Veurne-Ambacht) and Belfry [6]
ID 943-010 Ypres Cloth Hall with Belfry

East Flanders[edit]

ID 943-001 Aalst Aldermen's House with Belfry
ID 943-005 Dendermonde City Hall with Belfry
ID 943-007 Eeklo City Hall with Belfry
ID 943-008 Ghent Belfry, Cloth Hall and Mammelokker [7]
ID 943-019 Oudenaarde City Hall with Belfry

Flemish Brabant[edit]

ID 943-012 Leuven St. Peter's Church and tower
ID 943-023 Tienen St. Germanus Church with Stadstoren (City Tower)
ID 943-026 Zoutleeuw St. Leonard's Church

Limburg[edit]

ID 943-021 Sint-Truiden City Hall with Tower
ID 943-024 Tongeren Basilica of Our Lady with Stadstoren (City Tower)

Wallonia[edit]

Hainaut[edit]

ID 943-027 Binche Belfry of the City Hall
ID 943-028 Charleroi Belfry of the City Hall
ID 943-029 Mons Belfry
ID 943-031 Thuin Belfry
ID 943-032 Tournai Belfry

Namur[edit]

ID 943-056 Gembloux Belfry
ID 943-030 Namur Belfry

France[edit]

Nord-Pas de Calais[edit]

Nord[edit]

ID 943-033 Armentières Belfry of the City Hall 50°41′11″N 2°52′57″E / 50.68645°N 2.8824°E / 50.68645; 2.8824
ID 943-034 Bailleul Belfry of the City Hall 50°44′23″N 2°44′04″E / 50.7397°N 2.7344°E / 50.7397; 2.7344
ID 943-035 Bergues Belfry 50°58′05″N 2°25′58″E / 50.9680°N 2.4327°E / 50.9680; 2.4327
ID 943-036 Cambrai Belfry of the St. Martin's Church 50°10′27″N 3°13′56″E / 50.1742°N 3.232127°E / 50.1742; 3.232127
ID 943-037 Comines Belfry of the City Hall 50°45′55″N 3°00′26″E / 50.7653°N 3.0072°E / 50.7653; 3.0072
ID 943-038 Douai Belfry of the City Hall 50°22′04″N 3°04′50″E / 50.3679°N 3.0805°E / 50.3679; 3.0805
ID 943-040 Dunkirk Belfry of the City Hall[8] 51°02′15″N 2°22′36″E / 51.0376°N 2.3768°E / 51.0376; 2.3768
ID 943-039 Dunkirk Belfry of the St. Eligius Church[8] 51°02′08″N 2°22′35″E / 51.0356°N 2.3763°E / 51.0356; 2.3763
ID 943-041 Gravelines Belfry 50°59′12″N 2°07′34″E / 50.9868°N 2.1261°E / 50.9868; 2.1261
ID 943-042 Lille Belfry of the City Hall 50°37′50″N 3°04′11″E / 50.6306°N 3.0698°E / 50.6306; 3.0698
ID 943-043 Loos Belfry of the City Hall 50°36′54″N 3°00′53″E / 50.61507°N 3.01477°E / 50.61507; 3.01477

Pas-de-Calais[edit]

ID 943-044 Aire-sur-la-Lys Belfry of the City Hall 50°38′19″N 2°23′47″E / 50.6385°N 2.3963°E / 50.6385; 2.3963
ID 943-045 Arras Belfry of the City Hall 50°17′28″N 2°46′37″E / 50.2911°N 2.7770°E / 50.2911; 2.7770
ID 943-046 Béthune Belfry 50°31′52″N 2°38′21″E / 50.5310°N 2.6392°E / 50.5310; 2.6392
ID 943-047 Boulogne-sur-Mer Belfry of the City Hall 50°43′30″N 1°36′48″E / 50.7250°N 1.6132°E / 50.7250; 1.6132
ID 943-048 Calais Belfry of the City Hall 50°57′10″N 1°51′15″E / 50.9529°N 1.8542°E / 50.9529; 1.8542
ID 943-049 Hesdin Belfry of the City Hall 50°22′23″N 2°02′11″E / 50.3730°N 2.0363°E / 50.3730; 2.0363

Picardy[edit]

Somme[edit]

ID 943-050 Abbeville Belfry 50°06′26″N 1°49′58″E / 50.1073°N 1.8329°E / 50.1073; 1.8329
ID 943-051 Amiens Belfry 49°53′44″N 2°17′46″E / 49.8955°N 2.2960°E / 49.8955; 2.2960
ID 943-052 Doullens Belfry of the former Municipal Hall, at present the tourist information center 50°09′19″N 2°20′28″E / 50.1554°N 2.3410°E / 50.1554; 2.3410
ID 943-053 Lucheux Belfry on the remaining City Gate 50°11′50″N 2°24′40″E / 50.1971°N 2.4112°E / 50.1971; 2.4112
ID 943-054 Rue Belfry 50°16′21″N 1°40′07″E / 50.2725°N 1.6687°E / 50.2725; 1.6687
ID 943-055 Saint-Riquier Belfry 50°08′03″N 1°56′47″E / 50.1342°N 1.9464°E / 50.1342; 1.9464

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Quote from external link Detailed argumentation for list ID 943/943bis, UNESCO Website: "The Hôtel de Ville in Antwerpen (1564) is an excellent example of the transposition of Renaissance principles in the central risalith with superposed diminishing registers flanked by obelisks and scrollwork and finished with a pediment, reiterating the theme of the central belfry." – Hôtel de Ville is French for 'City Hall', Antwerpen is the native name of 'Antwerp' in Dutch.
  2. ^ UNESCO states, inappropriately in French: ID 943-016 Tour de Saint-Rombaut ; in native Dutch language this is Sint-Romboutstoren which is the main tower of the cathedral, once also used as a watchtower against fires.
  3. ^ UNESCO states, inappropriately in French: ID 943-015 Ancienne Halle avec Beffroi ; in native Dutch language this is Oude [or: Voormalige] Halle met Belfort. This 14th-century Cloth Hall with never to its designed height built Belfry – both hardly ever used for the intended purposes – with more recent adjacent buildings, constitute the present-day City Hall.
  4. ^ The belfry is known as Halletoren, because of an adjacent Cloth Hall that no longer exists; the tower is now free-standing.
  5. ^ The belfry is known as Hallentoren or Tower of the Halls, plural: of the two adjacent wings or halls, only one remains, hence Cloth Hall, singular.
  6. ^ The city centre's Landhuis (literally: 'country-house') was once the seat of the kasselrij or burggraafschap (viscounty) Veurne-Ambacht, serving the countryside; here as opposed to the adjacent Stadhuis (literally: 'city-house' though always meaning the City Hall) serving the city. The Landhuis later became the Court of Justice and recently a place for cultural purposes, e.g. exhibitions, dance acts, concerts, etc.
  7. ^ The name Mammelokker (assumedly: 'Allurer of breasts') for the guard house at the part of the Cloth Hall that once served as a prison, refers to the story of a prisoner.
  8. ^ a b UNESCO states: ID 943-040 Beffroi de l’Hôtel de Ville, ID 943-039 Beffroi de l'église Saint-Eloi – further reading from other source: (French) Monuments in Dunkirk

External links[edit]