The Belgian Film Critics Association was founded in the early 1950s in Brussels. Its membership includes film reviewers from daily newspapers, weekly newspapers and magazines from Belgium.
In December of each year, the organization meets to vote on awards for films released in the previous calendar year. To determine the UCC's annual awards, ballots are sent in by the members – select knowledgeable film enthusiasts, academics, filmmakers, and students – and subsequently tabulated in order to decide the winners. Since 1954, the UCC presents its Grand Prix each year to honor the "film that contributed the most to the enrichment and influence of cinema". Since 1976, the organization also presents the André Cavens Award to recognize the best Belgian film of the year. Its name was chosen in honor of the Belgian film director André Cavens (1912–1971).