Belgian federal election, 2014

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Belgian federal election, 2014
Belgium
2010 ←
25 May 2014 (2014-05-25)
→ Next

All 150 seats in the Chamber of Representatives
76 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Bart De Wever Paul Magnette Charles Michel
Leader Bart De Wever Elio Di Rupo Charles Michel
Party N-VA PS MR
Leader since 2004 1999 2011
Leader's seat Antwerp Hainaut Walloon Brabant
Last election 27 seats, 17.4% 26 seats, 13.7% 18 seats, 9.3%
Seats won 33 23 20
Seat change Increase6 Decrease 3 Increase 2
Popular vote 1,366,414 787,165 650,290
Percentage 20.36% 11.67% 9.64%
Swing Increase 2.86 Decrease 2.03 Increase 0.36

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Wouter Beke Gwendolyn Rutten Bruno Tobback
Leader Wouter Beke Gwendolyn Rutten Bruno Tobback
Party CD&V Open VLD sp.a
Leader since 2010 2012 2011
Leader's seat Limburg Flemish Brabant Flemish Brabant
Last election 17 seats, 10.8% 13 seats, 8.6% 13 seats, 9.2%
Seats won 18 14 13
Seat change Increase 1 Increase 1 Steady
Popular vote 783,060 659,582 595,486
Percentage 10.85% 9.78% 8.83%
Swing Increase 0.76 Increase 1.14 Decrease 0.41

Belgian federal election 2014 map en.svg

Colours denote the winning party, as shown in the main table of results

Federal Government before election

Di Rupo Government

Elected Federal Government

TBD

Belgium held federal elections on 25 May 2014.[1] All 150 members of the Chamber of Representatives were elected, whereas the Senate was no longer directly elected following the 2011-2012 state reform. These were the first elections held during King Philippe's reign.

Date[edit]

As part of the state reform adopted 19 December 2013,[2] the date of election will from now on coincide with the European elections,[3] which the Council of the EU has scheduled for 22–25 May 2014.[4] The regional elections in Belgium already legally coincide with the European elections, consequently Belgians will vote for three elections on the same day.

Background and reforms since last election[edit]

The previous 2010 election resulted in a victory for Flemish nationalist N-VA. The coalition formation stalemate went on for a record-breaking 541 days. Eventually, the negotiating parties agreed upon a sixth Belgian state reform and the Di Rupo Government was finally formed on 6 December 2011 and comprised PS, MR, CD&V, Open VLD, sp.a and cdH.

The state reform has the following consequences for the election in 2014:

  • The controversial electoral constituency of Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde no longer exists; rather, each province plus the federal capital now has its own constituency, and voter discrimination has been abolished.
  • The Senate will no longer be directly elected.
  • The term length will be increased from 4 years to 5 years, and the election will always coincide with the European Parliament election.[3]

Election campaign[edit]

The campaign topics largely focused on socio-economic reforms: job creation and unemployment, tax reform, pensions, ... This campaign also featured an unprecedented level of quantified programmes by political parties. For example, the N-VA released its "V plan" and CD&V its "3D plan".

One week before the election day, former CD&V Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene suddenly died while in France. Several debates were cancelled, and CD&V as well as all other Flemish parties suspended their campaign for a few days.[5]

Jewish Museum shooting[edit]

On May 24, the day before the elections, a shooting occurred at the Belgian Jewish Museum in Brussels, with three people reported dead.[6] Self-described anti-Zionist MP Laurent Louis suggested that the attack could be a false flag operation seeking to discredit him and his political party (Debout les Belges, or "Stand Up, Belgians") on the eve of the elections.[7]

Political parties[edit]

The primary six Flemish political parties and their results for the House of Representatives (Kamer). From 1978 to 2014, in percentages for the complete 'Kingdom'.

Current situation[edit]

In 2010, ten parties won seats in the Belgian Senate: Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams (CD&V), Centre Démocrate Humaniste (CDH), Socialistische Partij Anders (sp.a), Parti Socialiste (PS), Open Vld, Mouvement Réformateur (MR), Groen, Ecolo, New Flemish Alliance (N-VA) and Vlaams Belang. In the Chamber of Representatives, the People's Party (PP) and Libertarian, Direct, Democratic (LDD) each also won one seat.

During the legislation, the Francophone Democratic Federalists (FDF) separated from the MR party and are now represented in the Chamber with 3 representatives, but have no Senators. The PP Member of Parliament left the party and became an independent. One Vlaams Belang member of the Chamber and one Vlaams Belang member of the Senate left their party and decided to become independents.

Thus, currently the ten major parties are represented in both the Chamber and the Senate; in addition, LDD and FDF are represented in the Chamber of Representatives.

However, most of the major parties only operate in the Dutch-speaking or in the French-speaking constituencies. Voters who live in the provinces of Antwerp, East Flanders, Flemish Brabant, Limburg or West Flanders can only vote for CD&V, Groen, N-VA, Open VLD, sp.a and Vlaams Belang, apart from the minor parties – except when a French-speaking party would present a list in one of these provinces, which has not happened except for a FDF and a PP list in Flemish Brabant. In the provinces of Hainaut, Liège, Luxembourg, Namur and Walloon Brabant, voters can only vote for CDH, Ecolo, MR and PS, apart from the minor parties – except when a Dutch-speaking party would present a list in one of these provinces, which has not happened in this elections.

In the constituency of Liège, the German-speaking parties CSP, Ecolo, PFF and SP all form one list with their French-speaking counterparts; the name of these lists only mention the French-speaking party. Therefore, the CSP politicians are on the CDH list, the Ecolo ones on the Ecolo list, PFF on the MR list and SP on the PS list. The other German-speaking parties (ProDG and Vivant) do not present a list due to their marginal chance of getting a seat in Parliament.

In the constituency of Brussels-Capital, Ecolo and Groen formed one list under the name Ecolo.[8] CD&V, N-VA, Open Vld, sp.a and Vlaams Belang will each present a single list.

LDD only presented a list in West Flanders. FDF presented a list in all Walloon constituencies, in Brussels-Capital and in Flemish Brabant. PVDA-PTB presented a list in all eleven constituencies of Belgium, making it one of the few parties which are represented in the whole of Belgium.

Main candidates[edit]

Dutch-speaking constituency[edit]

Party Antwerp (province) Antwerp East Flanders East Flanders Flemish Brabant Flemish Brabant Limburg (Belgium) Limburg West Flanders West Flanders Brussels-Capital Region Brussels C. R.
Major parties
CD&V Servais Verherstraeten Pieter De Crem Koen Geens Wouter Beke Hendrik Bogaert Benjamin Dalle
GROEN Meyrem Almaci Stefaan Van Hecke Anne Dedry Katrijn Conjaerts Wouter De Vriendt Annalisa Gadaleta (3rd on ECOLO list)
LDD N/A N/A N/A N/A Jean-Marie Dedecker N/A
N-VA Bart De Wever Siegfried Bracke Theo Francken Steven Vandeput Brecht Vermeulen Luc Demullier
OPEN VLD Annemie Turtelboom Alexander De Croo Maggie De Block Patrick Dewael Vincent Van Quickenborne
SP.A Monica De Coninck Karin Temmerman Hans Bonte Peter Van Velthoven Johan Vande Lanotte Maité Morren
VB Filip Dewinter Barbara Pas Philip Claeys Bert Schoofs Peter Logghe Hilde Roossens
Minor parties
PVDA+ Peter Mertens Tom De Meester Sander Vandecapelle Kim De Witte Filip Desmet Benjamin Pestieau
BUB Vincent Massaut Bic Verbiest Marie-Luce Lovinfosse Peter Coussens Hans Van de Cauter
Pirate Party Christophe Cop Jonas De Koning Jo Vols

French-speaking constituency[edit]

Party Hainaut (province) Hainaut Liège (province) Liège Luxembourg (Belgium) Luxembourg Namur (province) Namur Walloon Brabant Walloon Brabant Brussels-Capital Region Brussels C. R.
Major parties
CDH Catherine Fonck Melchior Wathelet Benoît Lutgen Benoît Dispa Cédric du Monceau Francis Delpérée
ECOLO Jean-Marc Nollet Muriel Gerkens Cécile Thibaut Georges Gilkinet Marcel Cheron Zakia Khattabi
FDF Christophe Verbist Hugues Lannoy Serge Saintes Monique Felix Amaury Alexandre Olivier Maingain
MR Olivier Chastel Daniel Bacquelaine Dominique Tilmans Sabine Laruelle Charles Michel Didier Reynders
PS Elio Di Rupo Philippe Courard Jean-Marc Delizée André Flahaut Laurette Onkelinx
Minor parties
PTB Marco Van Hees Raoul Hedebouw Jonathan Taffarel Thierry Warmoes Liza Lebrun Benjamin Pestieau
PP
BUB Romuald Joly Nicolas Jacquemin Adrien Mertens Dimitri Parée Hans van de Cauter
Pirate Party Paul Bossu Paul Thunissen

Opinion polling[edit]

The results of the opinion polls are usually split into separate numbers for the three Belgian regions. Below, they are transposed to national figures.

Date(s)
conducted
Newspaper N-VA PS CD&V MR sp.a Open Vld VB-VLOTT CDH Ecolo Groen Others Lead
15 April 2014 La Libre Belgique 20.6% 10.2% 10.7% 8.4% 8.5% 8.7% 6.4% 3.7% 3.9% 4.9% 14.0% 9.9% over CD&V
11 October 2013 De Standaard 17.6% - 12.0% - 8.4% 8.7% 6.7% - - 6.3% 40.4% 5.6% over CD&V
6 September 2013 La Libre Belgique[9] 22.3% 10.8% 10.9% 8.8% 7.6% 7.5% 7.2% 4.7% 4.7% 4.4% 11.2% 11.4% over CD&V
1 September 2013 Le Soir 19.3% 11.3% 10.8% 8.7% 8.0% 8.9% 7.5% 4.5% 4.3% 4.0% 12.5% 8.0% over PS
16 June 2013 Le Soir[10] 22.0% 10.5% 9.9% 8.3% 8.7% 8.3% 5.9% 4.6% 4.7% 4.8% 12.1% 11.5% over PS
25 May 2013 La Libre Belgique[11] 20.6% 10.2% 10.0% 8.9% 8.9% 8.1% 8.1% 4.7% 5.4% 4.1% 11.0% 10.4% over PS
25 May 2013 De Standaard[12] 20.2% - 10.9% - 9.3% 6.4% 6.7% - - 6.0% 40.5% 9.3% over CD&V
24 March 2013 Le Soir[13] 21.2% 11.8% 10.5% 8.6% 8.6% 7.8% 6.6% 5.0% 4.4% 4.9% 10.7% 9.4% over PS
16 March 2013 Het Laatste Nieuws[14] 21.0% - 9.4% - 8.5% 7.5% 7.0% - - 5.2% 41.4% 11.6% over CD&V
22 February 2013 La Libre Belgique[15] 24.3% 10.8% 8.8% 9.0% 9.3% 6.2% 4.2% 4.6% 4.7% 5.4% 12.7% 13.5% over PS
14 October 2012 Provincial election 2012[16][17] 18.0% 11.7% 13.5% 10.2% 8.6% 9.2% 5.6% 6.2% 4.8% 5.3% 6.7% 4.5% over CD&V
14 September 2012 De Standaard[18] 22.6% - 11.5% - 9.0% 6.7% 5.9% - - 4.9% 39.4% 11.1% over CD&V
10 June 2010 Federal election 2010[19] 17.4% 13.7% 10.8% 9.3% 9.2% 8.6% 7.8% 5.5% 4.8% 4.4% 8.4% 3.7% over PS

Results[edit]

Zetelverdeling-FK-2014.png

At the Flemish side, Vlaams Belang and LDD suffered major losses; their votes went to N-VA, which increased its position as largest party. CD&V, Open Vld and Groen gained slightly as well, while sp.a lost slightly.

At the French-speaking side, PS, cdH and Ecolo suffer losses while MR gained as well as newcomers PTB-GO! and FDF.


e • d Summary of the 25 May 2014 Belgian Chamber of Representatives election results
← 201020142019 →
Party Leader(s) Votes  % +/– E.c. % Seats +/–
New Flemish Alliance (N-VA) Bart De Wever 1,366,414 20.26 2.86 Increase 32.22
33 / 150
6 Increase
Socialist Party (PS) Elio Di Rupo 787,165 11.67 2.05 Decrease 31.43
23 / 150
3 Decrease
Christian Democratic & Flemish (CD&V) Wouter Beke 783,060 11.61 0.77 Increase 18.47
18 / 150
1 Increase
Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats (Open Vld) Gwendolyn Rutten 659,582 9.78 1.17 Increase 15.55
14 / 150
1 Increase
Reformist Movement (MR) Charles Michel 650,290 9.64 0.31 Increase 25.96
20 / 150
2 Increase
Socialist Party–Differently (sp.a) Bruno Tobback 595,486 8.83 0.36 Decrease 14.04
13 / 150
0 Steady
Green (Groen) Wouter Van Besien 358,947 5.32 0.94 Increase 8.46
6 / 150
1 Increase
Humanist Democratic Centre (cdH) Benoît Lutgen 336,281 4.99 0.59 Decrease 13.43
9 / 150
0 Steady
Workers' Party (PTB–GO!/PVDA+)


Peter Mertens
PVDA+
PTB–GO!
251,289
118,246
132,685
3.72
1.76
1.97
2.17 Increase
3.24
5.31
2 / 150


Increase 2


Flemish Interest (Vlaams Belang) Gerolf Annemans 247,746 3.67 4.07 Decrease 5.84
3 / 150
9 Decrease
Ecolo Olivier Deleuze & Emily Hoyos 222,551 3.30 1.50 Decrease 8.89
6 / 150
2 Decrease
Francophone Democratic Federalists (FDF) Olivier Maingain 121,403 1.80 new 4.85
2 / 150
2 Increase
People's Party (Parti Populaire) Mischaël Modrikamen 102,599 1.51 0.24 Increase 4.10
1 / 150
0 Steady
Libertarian, Direct, Democratic (LDD) Jean-Marie Dedecker 28,414 0.42 1.88 Decrease 0.67
0 / 150
1 Decrease
Others (parties that received less than 1% of the overall vote) 233,805 3.47
0 / 150
0 Steady
Valid votes 6,745,059 94.24
Blank and invalid votes 412,439 5.76
Totals 7,157,498 100.00
150 / 150
0 Steady
Electorate and voter turnout 8,001,278 89.45 0.23 Increase
Source: Federal Portal − Chamber Elections 2014
Notes:
1) E.c. = electoral college (Dutch- and French-speaking)

In detail[edit]

Dutch-speaking constituencies Bilingual constituency
Party Antwerp East Flanders Flemish Brabant Limburg West Flanders Brussels
Votes Perc. Seats Votes Perc. Seats Votes Perc. Seats Votes Perc. Seats Votes Perc. Seats Votes Perc. Seats
N-VA 449,531 39.38 11 306,309 31.03 6 192,698 28.37 5 174,030 31.39 5 230,265 28.50 6 13,240 2.65 0
CD&V 183,636 16.09 4 177,178 17.95 4 112,251 16.53 3 125,962 22.72 3 175,669 21.74 4 8,193 1.64 0
OPEN VLD 116,892 10.24 2 178,911 18.12 4 170,128 25.05 4 68,713 12.39 2 111,388 13.79 2 13,294 2.66 0
SP.A 132,096 11.57 3 131,607 13.33 3 81,254 11.96 2 98,194 17.71 2 142,406 17.63 3 9,633 1.93 0
GROEN 112,477 9.85 2 90,144 9.13 2 59,096 8.70 1 33,244 6.00 0 63,657 7.88 1 ECOLO
VL. BELANG 79,852 7.00 2 61,523 6.23 1 28,857 4.25 0 34,020 6.14 0 38,232 4.73 0 5,165 1.03 0
PTB/PVDA+ 51,638 4.52 0 26,294 2.66 0 12,664 1.86 0 14,253 2.57 0 13,397 1.66 0 PTB/PVDA–GO!
Total 1,141,541 100.00 24 987,205 100.00 20 679,125 100.00 15 554,454 100.00 12 807,929 100.00 16
French-speaking constituencies Bilingual constituency
Party Hainaut Liège Luxemburg Namur Walloon Brabant Brussels
Votes Perc. Seats Votes Perc. Seats Votes Perc. Seats Votes Perc. Seats Votes Perc. Seats Votes Perc. Seats
PS 303,085 41.04 9 187,934 30.00 5 37,373 22.02 1 83,361 27.83 2 51,359 21.41 1 124,053 24.86 5
MR 153,304 20.76 5 158,062 25.23 5 41,346 24.36 1 84,788 28.31 2 97,741 40.75 3 115,049 23.05 4
CDH 76,812 10.40 2 81,789 13.05 2 56,702 33.41 2 48,135 16.07 1 26,335 10.98 0 46,508 9.32 2
ECOLO 43,489 5.89 1 56,902 9.08 1 13,471 7.94 0 29,186 9.74 1 27,356 11.40 1 52,147 10.45 2
PTB/PVDA–GO! 38,194 5.17 1 50,609 8.08 1 4,003 2.36 0 14,559 4.86 0 6,449 2.69 0 19,142 3.84 0
FDF 14,382 1.95 0 13,917 2.22 0 2,811 1.66 0 8,367 2.79 0 11,198 4.67 0 55,323 11.08 2
PP 32,158 4.35 0 32,237 5.15 1 6,980 4.11 0 13,029 4.35 0 9,544 3.98 0 8,651 1.73 0
Total 738,496 100.00 18 601,826 100.00 15 169,719 100.00 4 299,512 100.00 6 239,869 100.00 5 499,082 100.00 15

Government formation[edit]

On 27 May, King Philippe nominated Bart De Wever (N-VA) as informateur, meaning he is tasked with finding enough points of agreement for a possible coalition.[20]

Likely government coalitions are either a coalition of N-VA, CD&V, Open Vld and MR, cdH or a continuation of the current tripartite Di Rupo Government (CD&V, Open Vld, sp.a and PS, MR, cdH). That last coalition now has a majority support among Flemish parties, which was not the case during the Di Rupo Government. The first possibility (with N-VA and without PS/sp.a) would not have a majority among Francophone parties. Majorities in language groups are not required but politically preferred.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.hln.be/hln/nl/957/Binnenland/article/detail/1637141/2013/05/21/Europa-bekrachtigt-25-mei-als-Belgische-verkiezingsdatum.dhtml
  2. ^ http://www.deredactie.be/cm/vrtnieuws.english/Politics/131220_State_reform_ok
  3. ^ a b Proposal for a revision of the Belgian Constitution, senate.be
  4. ^ COUNCIL DECISION 2013/299/EU, Euratom of 14 June 2013 fixing the period for the eighth election of representatives to the European Parliament by direct universal suffrage, published on 21st June 2013 by the Official Journal of the European Union, L 169/69
  5. ^ "CD&V schort campagne op na overlijden van Dehaene". deredactie.be. 15 May 2014. 
  6. ^ "Three die in Brussels shooting at Jewish Museum". deredactie.be. 24 May 2014. 
  7. ^ Laurent Louis (May 24, 2014). "Facebook post by Laurent LOUIS". "Je tiens à dénoncer avec la plus grande virulence les propos tenus à mon encontre sur RTL-TVI par le Président de la Ligue Belge contre l’Antisémitisme Joël Rubinfeld m’imputant la responsabilité de l’attentat dirigé contre le musée juif de Bruxelles. A la veille des élections, accuser un député d’une quelconque responsabilité dans un acte aussi grave est totalement scandaleux et irresponsable. En me liant à cet acte honteux, Rubinfeld met gravement en danger ma sécurité et porte une atteinte intolérable à ma réputation. J’ai bien entendu contacté la rédaction de RTL afin de pouvoir répondre en direct à ces accusations gravissimes. Le rédacteur en chef de RTL m’a raccroché le téléphone au nez ! Il est donc clair que la volonté est d’utiliser cet acte crapuleux pour ternir mon image et celle de DEBOUT LES BELGES à la veille des élections. Il est trop facile de mettre cet acte sur mon dos ou sur celui de Soral ou de Dieudonné. Nous n’avons rien contre les Juifs, dois-je le rappeler. Il est incroyable de faire à ce point un amalgame entre antisionisme et antisémitisme. Je n’ai jamais appelé à la haine des Juifs. Je suis antisioniste, pas antisémite. Permettez-moi cependant de trouver très suspect cet attentat contre la communauté juive à la veille des élections. Encore plus suspect qu’on ose citer mon nom dans cette affaire qui ne me concerne en rien. Si l’on voulait inciter les Belges à ne pas voter pour moi et DEBOUT LES BELGES, on ne pouvait pas mieux s’y prendre. Doit-on y voir un false flag visant à réduire le succès de DEBOUT LES BELGES aux élections de demain ? Je ne crois pas au hasard, ce crime est très certainement téléguidé. Je présente cependant mes condoléances aux familles des victimes de cette tuerie et appelle tous les citoyens au calme. Rien ne permet de savoir actuellement quelles étaient les motivations des tueurs. Rien ne permet en outre d’écarter la piste de l’attentat sous faux drapeau visant à manipuler les résultats des élections de ce 25 mai." 
  8. ^ Groen en Ecolo op één federale lijst in Brussel
  9. ^ Baromètre: La N-VA gagne 2.7% en Flandre!
  10. ^ Le PS en net recul en Wallonie, la N-VA toujours loin devant en Flandre
  11. ^ La N-VA perd du poids, le PS en petite forme
  12. ^ N-VA krijgt een tik
  13. ^ Grand baromètre: la N-VA recule de trois points
  14. ^ CD&V beperkt de schade
  15. ^ Baromètre politique RTBF-La Libre: indécrottable N-VA
  16. ^ www.vlaanderenkiest.be/verkiezingen2012
  17. ^ elections2012.wallonie.be
  18. ^ Open VLD op dieptepunt
  19. ^ verkiezingen2010.belgium.be
  20. ^ "Bart De Wever nommé informateur par le Roi". LaLibre.be. 27 May 2014.