Belgrade Oblast

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Belgrade Oblast
Београдска област
Beogradska oblast
oblast of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

 

 

1922–1929
 

Location of Belgrade Oblast
Belgrade Oblast and surrounding areas
Capital Belgrade
History
 -  Established 1922
 -  Disestablished 1929
Today part of Serbia, Romania

Belgrade Oblast (Serbo-Croatian: 'Beogradska oblast or Београдска област) was one of the oblasts of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes from 1922 to 1929. Its administrative center was Belgrade.

History[edit]

The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was formed in 1918 and was initially divided into counties and districts (this division was inherited from previous state administrations). In 1922, new administrative units known as oblasts (Serbo-Croatian: oblasti / области) were introduced and the whole country was divided into 33 oblasts. Before 1922, territory of Belgrade Oblast was part of the Belgrade, Novi Sad, and Veliki Bečkerek districts.

In 1924, as the result of an adjustment of the border between the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and Romania, the town of Žombolj (Jimbolia) was transferred to Romania.

In 1929, 33 oblasts were administratively replaced with 9 banovinas and one district, and territory of Belgrade Oblast was administratively divided between the Belgrade City Administration and the Danube Banovina.

Geography[edit]

The Belgrade Oblast included small northern part of Šumadija near Belgrade, western parts of Banat and eastern parts of Bačka. It shared borders with the Bačka Oblast and Syrmia Oblast in the west, the Valjevo Oblast in the south-west, the Podunavlje Oblast in the south-east, Romania in the north-east and Hungary in the north.

Demographics[edit]

According to 1921 census, oblast had linguistically heterogeneous population: speakers of Serbo-Croatian were dominant in the cities of Belgrade, Pančevo, Veliki Bečkerek and Velika Kikinda, as well as in the districts of Belgrade, Umka, Kovačica, Veliki Bečkerek, Turski Bečej, Velika Kikinda, Titel and Žabalj; speakers of German were dominant in the district of Pančevo; speakers of Romanian were dominant in the district of Žombolj; while speakers of Hungarian were dominant in the city of Senta and in the districts of Senta, Stari Bečej and Turska Kanjiža.[1]

Administrative units[edit]

Oblast included following districts:

Besides these districts, several cities in the oblast had a separate status:

Cities and towns[edit]

Main cities and towns in the district were:

All mentioned cities and towns are today in Serbia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Istorijski atlas, Geokarta, Beograd, 1999, page 91.

Further reading[edit]

  • Istorijski atlas, Geokarta, Beograd, 1999.
  • Istorijski atlas, Intersistem kartografija, Beograd, 2010.

External links[edit]