Belgrade Philharmonic Orchestra
|Belgrade Philharmonic Orchestra (BPO)|
|Native name||Београдска филхармонија / Beogradska filharmonija|
|Concert hall||Belgrade Philharmonic Hall|
|Principal conductor||Muhai Tang|
|Music director||Darko Krstić|
The Belgrade Philharmonic Orchestra (Serbian: Београдска филхармонија / Beogradska filharmonija) is an orchestra in Serbia, regularly considered as one of the finest in the country. Its home base is in Belgrade.
Unlike most European countries and cities, Serbia and Belgrade were rather late in receiving a fine orchestra. Thus the Belgrade Philharmonic Orchestra was founded in 1923. Its founder, first director and chief conductor was Stevan Hristić, one of the most important Serbian composers and conductors. The inauguration concert of the Belgrade Philharmonic Orchestra took place on April 28, 1923 under the baton of maestro Hristić.
With a steady increase in popularity of fine music in Serbia the orchestra and its programme expanded over the years building up to an exceptional level of musical performance reaching its peak in the 1960s. The Belgrade Philharmonic was ranked 5th best European orchestra by international experts, at the time when it was led by Živojin Zdravković.
The downfall of the orchestra occurred in 1990. Due to the civil wars in Yugoslavia the Belgrade Philharmonic was banned from playing internationally for some time. As a consequence many musicians left the orchestra. Without funding, the orchestra rarely played. However, as the political situation in Serbia changed and the country welcomed back into the international community so was the orchestra.
After 2000 the orchestra was completely revived. It first toured Slovenia, Austria, Italy and Sweden. Young musicians, educated outside of Serbia in specialist musician centres arrived in at Belgrade Philharmonic creating a new image of the Orchestra, with an average age of just 28.
In 2004 the performance hall in Belgrade was completely rebuilt and modernised to facilitate the new needs of the orchestra. The hall has a total of 201 seats. Most of the concerts, by tradition, take place in the Ilija M. Kolarac Endowment's Hall, while the central Hall is used for special events. The Belgrade Philharmonic Foundation was set up in 2004 to improve the financial situation within the orchestra through sponsorships and cooperation. The foundation was successful and the whole orchestra renewed their instruments in 2005.
Currently the Belgrade Philharmonic Orchestra holds multiple concerts. Its season generally starts in October and ends in June. Its New Year's concert is very popular and is held in the large Sava Centar performance hall in Belgrade. For its New Year's concert, the orchestra is usually conducted by a special guest.
The Belgrade Philharmonic Hall is modernly equipped, located in central Belgrade. Therefore this is where many of the Orchestra's concerts are held. Besides usual orchestra rehearsals, the Belgrade Philharmonic Hall lends itself to soloists, chamber and other orchestra performances, as well as to promotions, presentations, jubilees and exhibitions. The hall has exceptional acoustics. The appealing interior of the Belgrade Philharmonic Hall attracts numerous renowned companies to promote their products, present their services, as well as to hold their jubilees. Among those there were the American Economic Chamber, and companies like Roche, Pharma Swiss, Common Sense, "Atika Media" and many others. The Belgrade Philharmonic Hall was is the setting for many commercials and videos.
The Orchestra was consequently led by eminent conductors: Lovro Matačić, Oskar Danon, Mihajlo Vukdragović, Krešimir Baranović, Živojin Zdravković, Angel Šurev, Anton Kolar, Horst Ferster, Jovan Šajnović, Vassily Sinaisky, Emil Tabakov, Uroš Lajovic, Dorian Wilson and from September 2010 Muhai Tang.
A great number of renowned conductors and soloists have appeared with the Orchestra, including: Rafael Kubelík, Malcolm Sargent, sir Colin Davis, André Navarra, Karl Boehm, Leopold Stokowski, Kiril Kondrashin, Genady Rozhdestvensky, Lorin Maazel, Aaron Copland, Zubin Mehta, Yehudi Menuhin, David Oistrakh, Isaac Stern, Henrik Schering, Leonid Kogan, Mstislav Rostropovich, Julian Lloyd Webber, Arthur Rubinstein, Sviatoslav Richter, Emil Gilels, Bruno Brun, Milenko Stefanović, Ernest Ačkun, Ante Grgin, Božidar Milošević, Radmila Bakočević, Biserka Cvejić, Miroslav Čangalović, Dušan Trbojević, Rudolf Kempf, Gidon Kremer, Ivo Pogorelić, Tatjana Olujić, Gustav Kuhn, Ivan Fischer, Vladimir Krainev, Maksim Vengerov, Julian Rachlin, Valery Afanassiev, Dorian Wilson, Nigel Kennedy, Sarah Chang, Zubin Mehta, Muhai Tang.
- Maksimović, M.: Beogradska filharmonija 1951–1971, Beogradska filharmonija, Beograd, 1971
- Mala enciklopedija Prosveta, I, Prosveta, Beograd, 1978
- Muzička enciklopedija, I, Jugoslovenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1971
- Pro Musica, No. 79–80, Udruženje muzičkih umetnika Srbije, Beograd, 1975
- 011INFO.COM on the Belgrade Philharmonic Orchestra
- History of the Belgrade Philharmonic Orchestra