Bell's whisky

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Bell's Scotch Whisky barrel at the Blair Athol Distillery in Pitlochry.

Bell's is a brand of blended Scotch whisky originally produced by Arthur Bell & Sons Ltd and now owned by Diageo. It is the highest selling whisky in the UK.[1]

History[edit]

In 1851, Arthur Bell (1825 - 1900) began to blend various single malts together to create a more consistent blended whisky.[2] Arthur Bell was the first known whisky manufacturer to appoint a London agent, by at least 1863.[3] Bell's two sons joined the business in partnership in 1895.[4] Arthur Kinmond (1868 - 1942) was appointed to manage the domestic market and Robert was appointed as head of the brand overseas.[3] By the 1880s the company was focused on blended whisky.[3] Arthur Bell died in 1900.[3] In 1921 the partnership became a private company run by Arthur Kinmond after Robert retired to live as a country gentleman. The end of Prohibition in America created a surge in demand, which led Arthur Bell & Sons to acquire two distilleries in 1933: Blair Athol and Dufftown.[4] In 1936 the Inchgower distillery was also acquired.[5]

The Bell brothers died in 1942 and the company accountant, William Govan Farquharson, became chair of the company.[3] He focused on advertising the brand more heavily.[3] Bell's became a public company in 1949.[5] In 1954, Arthur Bell exported to 130 different countries.[6]

By 1970, Bell's was the highest selling whisky in Scotland.[3] In the early 1970s, Bell's could not afford the advertising budget of the larger whisky distillers.[7] Instead, it focused on the user of mixers with its product.[7] This increased the product's popularity with women, and Bell's revenues rose by 800 percent between 1970 and 1979.[7] In 1978 Bell's became the UK's highest selling whisky.[4] Much of the credit for this expansion is given to the then managing director Raymond Miquel.[8] By 1980 the company had around 35 percent market share in the UK.[8]

Arthur Bell & Sons acquired Gleneagles Hotels in 1984.[9] In 1985 the company was acquired by Guinness for $518 million in 1985, and subsequently absorbed into Diageo.[10]

Production[edit]

Shieldhall bottling plant

Blair Athol is the main component of the blend.[11] Dufftown and Inchgower still figure, but Glenkinchie and Caol Ila are also components.[11]

The Pittyvaich distillery was used in the blend between 1974 and 1993.[12]

Bell's is bottled at Diageo's Shieldhall plant.

The product is 40% ABV in the UK, and 43% ABV in South Africa.[13]

Markets[edit]

The brand's top markets are the UK, South Africa, the Nordic countries, Spain and Brazil.[14]

Advertising[edit]

A religious man, modesty prevented Arthur Bell from using his name on his whisky.[12] The Arthur Bell name was not attached to the product until 1904.[12]

Bell's has used the "Afore ye go" slogan since 1925.[4]

In popular culture[edit]

Clive Owen's character Theo in the movie Children of Men, set in 2027, usually carries a small bottle of Bell's with him.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nielsen, GB Off Trade Value Sales MAT TO WE 14/05/2011, CGA On Trade Value Sales MAT TO 16/04/2011
  2. ^ Gavin D. Smith; Dominic Roskrow; Davin De Kergommeaux (2012). Whisky Opus. Dorling Kindersley. p. 83. ISBN 978-1-4053-9474-1. Retrieved 2014-01-08. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Bells - About Whisky - Blends - www.scotchwhisky.com
  4. ^ a b c d Bell's - History
  5. ^ a b Ronald B. Weir, ‘Bell, Arthur (1825–1900)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2011 accessed 8 Jan 2014
  6. ^ Bell's Whisky
  7. ^ a b c James, Barrie G. (1985). Business Wargames. Taylor & Francis. p. 60. ISBN 978-0-85626-441-2. 
  8. ^ a b Philip Hills (21 December 2012). Scots On Scotch: The Book of Whisky. Mainstream Publishing. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-78057-788-3. 
  9. ^ David Parker (19 June 2013). The Official History of Privatisation, Vol. II: Popular Capitalism, 1987-97. Routledge. p. 438. ISBN 978-1-136-33123-7. 
  10. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1985/08/24/business/bell-s-stockholders-back-guinness-bid.html
  11. ^ a b Bell's - Discovery
  12. ^ a b c Bells Whisky - one of Scotlands big brands
  13. ^ Bell's Whisky
  14. ^ Whisk(e)y

External links[edit]