Bell 400

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Bell 400/440 TwinRanger
Bell 400.jpg
A Bell 400 prototype
Role Multipurpose utility helicopter
Manufacturer Bell Helicopter
First flight 4 April 1984
Status Canceled
Number built 4
Developed from Bell 206L

The Bell 400 TwinRanger was a prototype four-bladed, twin-engine civil helicopter developed by Bell Helicopter in the 1980s. Both the TwinRanger and another planned version, the Bell 440, were attempts to market a twin-engine development of the Model 206L LongRanger. The Bell 400A was a planned single-engine version of the 400. TwinRanger development was canceled when Bell could not acquire enough orders for production. The TwinRanger name was later used for a twin-engine version of the LongRanger produced from 1994 to 1997.

Development[edit]

Bell has tried several incarnations of a twin version of its successful Bell 206 series. The TwinRanger name dates back to the mid-1980s when Bell first considered developing a twin engine version of the LongRanger.

The Bell 400 TwinRanger featured a reprofiled fuselage, two Allison 250 turboshafts, the OH-58D Kiowa's four blade main rotor, and a new shrouded tail rotor.[1] Bell also planned the single-engined 400A, and the 440 twin with a larger fuselage made possible by a high degree of composites.[2] The Bell 400 first flew on April 4 1984. Bell suspended development of the 400/440 family in the late 1980s as it felt unable to achieve a protifable production rate of 120 units a year.[1]

Successors[edit]

After the success of Tridair's Gemini ST twin engine conversions of the 206L in the early 1990s, Bell produced the equivalent Bell 206LT TwinRanger based on the 206L-4. Only 13 206LTs were built between 1994 and 1997. The 206LT was replaced in Bell's line-up by the Bell 427, a mostly-new development of the Bell 407, itself a four-bladed single-engine derivative of the 206L.[1]

Variants[edit]

Bell 400 
Bell 400A 
Projected model to be powered by one PW209T turboshaft of 937 shp.[2]
Bell 440 

Specifications (Bell 400)[edit]

Data from The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Helicopters[2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 pilot
  • Capacity: 5 passengers
  • Length: ft in (m)
  • Rotor diameter: 35 ft 0 in (10.60 m)
  • Height: ft in (m)
  • Disc area: 2 ft² (m²)
  • Empty weight: 3,075 lb (1,400kg)
  • Loaded weight: lb (kg)
  • Useful load: lb (kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 5,500lb (2,495 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Allison 250-C20P turboshaft, 420 hp (kW) each

Performance

See also[edit]

Related development

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Frawley, Gerard: The International Directiory of Civil Aircraft, 2003-2004, page 43. Aerospace Publications Pty Ltd, 2003. ISBN 1-875671-58-7
  2. ^ a b c Apostolo, Giorgio; Elfan ap Rees (1984). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Helicopters. New York, NY, USA: Bonanza Books. p. 50. ISBN 0-517-43935-2. 

External links[edit]