Bell Block

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Bell Block
Bell Block is located in Taranaki Region
Bell Block
Bell Block
Coordinates: 39°1′48″S 174°8′43″E / 39.03000°S 174.14528°E / -39.03000; 174.14528Coordinates: 39°1′48″S 174°8′43″E / 39.03000°S 174.14528°E / -39.03000; 174.14528
Country New Zealand
Region Taranaki
District New Plymouth District
Population (2006)
 • Total 4,065

Bell Block is a town in Taranaki, New Zealand. State Highway 3 runs through it. It is 6 km north-east of the centre of New Plymouth and 1 km from the outer edge of New Plymouth at Waiwhakaiho. Waitara is about 9 km to the north-east. New Plymouth Airport is located immediately to the north-east of Bell Block.[1][2]

The population was 4,065 in the 2006 Census, an increase of 168 from 2001.[3]

History[edit]

The land was purchased in November 1848 by Dillon Bell from the Puketapu iwi. The initial purchase was 1,500 acres (610 ha) but more land was added subsequently. Disagreements over the sale of the land contributed to the First Taranaki War.[4]

A stockade was built to protect local settlers in 1860. Some of the earthworks continued until 1972 when a hotel was built on the site.[5]

Much of New Plymouth's heavy and medium industry is situated around Bell Block, which led to heavy traffic congestion. Construction of an arterial bypass of the town commenced in late 2006.[6] A previously unknown Māori site was discovered during site investigations and was excavated by archaeologists prior to construction.[7]

Features and attractions[edit]

The Waipu Lagoons are North Taranaki's only wetland area. The lagoons are home to a variety of wildlife, and are an important natural home for the endangered Australasian bittern.[8]

Funding has been approved for a cycleway linking Bell Block to the northern end of New Plymouth's coastal walkway.[9]

Education[edit]

Bell Block School and Puketapu School are coeducational full primary (years 1-8) schools with decile rating of 5 and 4, and rolls of 297[10] and 246,[11] respectively. Bell Block School celebrated the 150th anniversary of education in Bell Block in 2006.[12] The present school dates from 1872. Puketapu School was built in 1980.[13]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Peter Dowling (editor) (2004), Reed New Zealand Atlas, Reed Books, pp. map 34, ISBN 0-7900-0952-8 
  2. ^ Roger Smith, GeographX (2005), The Geographic Atlas of New Zealand, Robbie Burton, pp. map 85, ISBN 1-877333-20-4 
  3. ^ Quickstats about Bell Block
  4. ^ Bartle, Rhonda (23 December 2005), Conflict and Protest - The Bell Block - Francis Dillon Bell, Puke Ariki 
  5. ^ Ron Lambert and Gail Henry (2000), Taranaki, An Illustrated History, Auckland, N.Z.: Reed, p. 55, ISBN 0-7900-0727-4 
  6. ^ Construction to start this week on Bell Block: Scoop.co.nz
  7. ^ NZ Archaeology News
  8. ^ bellblock.co.nz
  9. ^ NPDC
  10. ^ "Te Kete Ipurangi - Bell Block School". Ministry of Education. 
  11. ^ "Te Kete Ipurangi - Puketapu School, New Plymouth" (about Puketapu School). Ministry of Education. 
  12. ^ "Jubilees & reunions: Bell Block School 150th Reunion" (– Scholar search), Education Gazette New Zealand 84 (6), 11 April 2005 [dead link]
  13. ^ History of the School, Bell Block School 

Further reading[edit]

General historical works[edit]

  • History of Bell Block roads and streets, Bell Block, [N.Z.]: n.p., n.d. 
  • T.U.C. study on population in Bell Block, New Plymouth, [N.Z.]: Taranaki United Council, c. 1984 

Clubs and organisations[edit]

  • Bellini, Bruce; Lockstone, Brian (eds.) (2003), Bell Block: a local aviation history / researched and written by Elaine Priest, Bruce Bellini and Peter Dobson for the New Plymouth Aero Club (Inc.) 75th year anniversary 2003, New Plymouth, [N.Z.]: New Plymouth Aero Club, ISBN 0-473-09076-7 

Maori[edit]

  • Grayling, William Irwin (1862), The war in Taranaki, during the years 1860-61, New Plymouth, [N.Z.]: C.W. Woon, Herald Office 
  • Wilberfoss, Peter (2004), Oropuriri, Bell Block, Taranaki: report on the historical context of archaeological site P19/262, Auckland, [N.Z.]: Peter Wilberfoss 

New Zealand Wars[edit]

  • Maori wars: newspaper cuttings, 1858–1864., n.p.: n.p., 1858–1864 
  • Grayling, William Irwin (1862), The war in Taranaki, during the years 1860–61, New Plymouth, [N.Z.]: C.W. Woon, Herald Office 

Schools[edit]

  • Bell Block, Hillsborough, Tarurutangi jubilees, 1856–1959, Bell Block, [N.Z.]: Bell Block School, 1959 
  • Bell Block, Hillsborough, Tarurutangi, 1856–1979: schools reunion, New Plymouth, [N.Z.]: Masterprint, 1979 
  • Taylor, Alan G. (c. 2006), 2006 - celebrating 150 years of education at Bell Block, Taranaki: incorporating Bell Block School, 1856–2006+, Hillsborough School, 1879–1942, Tarurutangi School, 1880–1942, Eltham, [N.Z.]: Taylormade Publications, ISBN 0-473-11331-7 

External links[edit]