|Bellanca CH-300 CF-ATN Pacemaker Canada Aviation Museum|
|Role||Civil utility aircraft|
|Number built||approximately 35|
|Developed from||Bellanca CH-200|
The Bellanca CH-300 Pacemaker was a six-seat utility aircraft built primarily in the United States in the 1920s and 1930s. It was a development of the Bellanca CH-200 fitted with a more powerful engine and, like the CH-200, soon became renowned for its long-distance endurance.
Design and development
Bellanca further developed the earlier CH-200 to create the CH-300 Pacemaker. The CH-300 was a conventional, high-wing braced monoplane with fixed tailwheel undercarriage. Like other Bellanca aircraft of the period, it featured "flying struts". [N 1] While the CH-200 was powered by 220 hp Wright J-5 engines, the CH-300 series Pacemakers were powered by 300 hp Wright J-6s. Late in the series, some -300s were fitted with 420 hp Pratt & Whitney Wasps, leading to the CH-400 Skyrocket series.
Pacemakers were renowned for their long-distance capabilities as well as reliability and weight-lifting attributes, which contributed to their successful operation throughout the world. In 1929, George Haldeman completed the first nonstop flight, New York to Cuba in 12 hours, 56 minutes, flying an early CH-300 (c. 1,310 miles, 101.3 mph). In 1931, a Bellanca fitted with a Packard DR-980 diesel, piloted by Walter Lees and Frederick Brossy, set a record for staying aloft for 84 hours and 33 minutes without being refuelled. This record was not broken until 55 years later.
In Alaska and the Canadian bush, Bellancas were very popular. Canadian-operated Bellancas were initially imported from the United States, but later six were built by Canadian Vickers in Montreal and delivered to the RCAF (added to the first order of 29 made in 1929), which used them mainly for aerial photography.
- United States
- Civil Aeronautics Authority (5+)
- Department Of Commerce
- Star Air Service
- Wien Air Alaska
One of the first records set by a Bellanca CH-300 series aircraft occurred on July 28-30, 1931, when Russell Norton Boardman (age 33) and John Louis Polando (age 29) flew from Floyd Bennett Field — a famous New York City-area early airport on western Long Island from which many record flights originated — to Istanbul, Turkey aboard an earlier model of the Wright R-975-powered CH-300, a Bellanca "Special J-300" high-wing monoplane named Cape Cod, registration NR761W, making it safely to Istanbul nonstop in 49:20 hours, establishing a distance record of 5,011.8 miles (8,065.7 km), the first known nonstop record flight in aviation history whose distance surpassed either English (5,000 mi) or metric (8,000 km) mark.
On June 3, 1932, Stanislaus F. Hausner flying a Bellanca CH Pacemaker named Rose Marie and powered by a 300-hp Wright J-6, attempted a transatlantic flight from Floyd Bennett Field, New York to Warsaw, Poland. The attempt failed when he made a forced landing at sea; he was rescued by a British tanker eight days later.
A CH-300 named Lituanica (registration NR688E) gained international fame when it was used by Steponas Darius and Stasys Girėnas in an attempt to fly non-stop from New York City to Kaunas, Lithuania. Departing on July 15, 1933, they spent 37 hours in the air, and flew 6,411 km before crashing in bad weather in Germany, 650 km from its final destination. A replica of Lituanica is in the Lithuanian Aviation Museum while the wreckage of the original is at the Vytautas the Great War Museum in Kaunas, Lithuania.
Hawaiian Airlines owns the only CH-300 known to be in flying condition. The aircraft was acquired new in 1929 by Inter-Island Airways (renamed Hawaiian Airlines in 1941) and used for sightseeing over Oahu for two years before being sold in 1933. Acquired from an aviation enthusiast in Oregon in early 2009, the aircraft was restored at the Port Townsend Aero Museum and was unveiled at Honolulu International Airport in 2009.
A CH-300 Pacemaker is displayed at the Canada Aviation and Space Museum. This aircraft formerly served with Alaska Coastal Airlines. Another example is owned by the Virginia Aviation Museum, but this aircraft has been modified to CH-400 Skyrocket configuration and painted to resemble WB-2 Columbia, which made two pioneering transatlantic flights.
- CH-300W – CH-300 converted to use a Pratt & Whitney R-985 engine (one converted)
- 300-W – Built with a Pratt & Whitney R-985 engine (seven built)
- PM-300 Pacemaker Freighter – Cargo version (two built)
- Crew: one pilot
- Capacity: 5 passengers
- Length: 27 ft 9 in (8.5 m)
- Wingspan: 46 ft 4 in (14.1 m)
- Height: 8 ft 4 in (2.5 m)
- Empty weight: 2,275 lb (1,032 kg)
- Gross weight: 4,072 lb (1,847 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Wright J-6 radial, 330 hp (246 kW)
- Maximum speed: 165 mph (266 km/h)
- Range: 675 miles (1,086 km)
- Note that the Bellanca wing struts serve not only to brace the wing structure, but are also airfoils that contribute to the lift of the aircraft.
- "'Cape Cod's' Success Climaxes 5 Years [of] Bellanca Records". The Sunday Morning Star, Wilmington, DE. August 2, 1931. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- "The Golden Age of Aviation at Floyd Bennett Field: The 1930s."Gateway National Recreation Area, September 11, 2007. Retrieved: May 16, 2009.
- Booker, Deborah. "Hawaiian Air's first plane returns." The Honolulu Advertiser, October 9, 2009. Retrieved: November 18, 2010.
- "Bellanca." Aerofiles. Retrieved: December 28, 2009.
- Szurovy, Geza. Bushplanes. St. Paul, Minnesota: Zenith Press, 2004. ISBN 0-7603-1478-0.
- Taylor, Michael J.H. Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions, 1989, p. 149.
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