Belleeks

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Belleeks
Irish: Béal Leice
Belleeks Post Office - geograph.org.uk - 1542693.jpg
Belleeks Post Office
Belleeks is located in Northern Ireland
Belleeks
Belleeks
 Belleeks shown within Northern Ireland
Population 150 (2001)
Irish grid reference H987272
District Newry & Mourne
County County Armagh
Country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NEWRY
Postcode district BT35
Dialling code 028, +44 28
EU Parliament Northern Ireland
UK Parliament Newry & Armagh
NI Assembly Newry & Armagh
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Armagh

Coordinates: 54°10′00″N 6°29′00″W / 54.1667°N 6.483333°W / 54.1667; -6.483333

Belleeks (from Irish: Béal Leice, meaning "ford-mouth of the flagstone")[1] is a small village and townland in south County Armagh, Northern Ireland. In the 2001 Census it had a population of 150 people. It lies within the Newry and Mourne District Council area and the historic barony of Upper Fews.

Location[edit]

Belleeks lies between the villages of Camlough and Newtownhamilton, abreast the A25 between the Newtownhamilton and Newry. The nearest large town is Newry, approximately 7 miles to the east and Whitecross is the nearest settlement approximately 2 miles to the north. Belleeks lies in the townland of Belleeks Lower.

Demographics[edit]

At the time of the 2001 census, returns for the Belleeks-Blackrock-Tullyah electoral area,[2] reported that:
 • 26.0% were under 16 years old and 12.6% were aged 60 and above;
 • The average age of a resident of the village was 30.8 years old;
 • 46.3% of the population were male and 53.7% were female;
 • 95.5% were from a Catholic Community Background;
 • 4.5% were from a Protestant or 'Other Christian' community background;
 • 13.7% had degree level or higher qualifications;
 • 56.5% were economically active, 43.5% were economically inactive;
 • 6.7% were unemployed, of these 42.9% were long-term unemployed;
 • 68.3 stated reported their health was 'good';
 • 3.22 was the average family size;
 • 81.8% of households reported they had access to a private motor vehicle;
 • 75.9% of homes were owner occupied and 25.5% of all homes were owed outright. [3]

Features & Economy[edit]

Saint Lawrence O'Toole's Roman Catholic Church sits in a prominent location above the village whilst a Church of Ireland Church and Orange Hall lie between Belleeks and Whitecross. The village has two public houses, a small store, a part-time factory and a public common in the village centre. The village has developed from a linear settlement along the A25 as late as the 1960s with the addition of five private and local authority housing developments since the 1970s.

Most residents work away from the village with the largest scale local industry remaining agriculture. Belleeks is served by the number 44 Ulsterbus service from Newry to Newtownhamilton a number of times daily as well as the number 40 service between Newry and Whitecross.

Education[edit]

There are two primary schools in or near the village; St. Brigid's Primary School and St. Laurence O'Toole's Primary School. Further schooling of residents takes place primarily at St. Paul's High School in Bessbrook, or else in Newtownhamilton or Newry.

Sport[edit]

Belleeks has a Gaelic Athletic Club, Laurence O'Toole's (Cumann Lorcáin Uí Thuathail), which competes in underage and senior men's and ladies' football as well Scor and other Armagh GAA competitions. The clubhouse is located in Shaughan in the townland of Belleeks Upper.

History[edit]

Early History[edit]

The area in which Belleeks is situated has been populated for many thousands of years but contains less in terms of easily discernible pre-historic remains than is widely evident in other parts of south County Armagh. What was to become the village of Belleeks was held in the estates of Hugh Boy O'Hanlon in 1641, one of the few Catholic gentry retaining substantial landholdings in County Armagh following the Plantation of Ulster, prior to the Rising of that year.

Pre-20th Century[edit]

By the early 19th century, a hamlet had developed at Belleeks along the Newtownhamilton-Newry road which branches off to Whitecross at Belleeks, Indeed in February 1767 Sir Archibald Acheson was granted a patent to hold fairs in the village on the 3rd days of February, May, August and November every year, all bar which the February fair survived up until 1852.[4]

Census returns for the period between 1841 and 1851, during which the Famine occurred show a decrease in population of the village and surrounding area greater than one quarter of population in the ten-year period due to death and emigration.[5]

The Troubles 1969-1998[edit]

For more information on The Troubles, see The Troubles in Belleeks (Armagh), which includes a list of incidents in Belleeks during the Troubles resulting in two or more fatalities.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Placenames NI
  2. ^ Output Area 95VV060002
  3. ^ "Census Returns for Belleeks-Blackrock-Tullyah". Northern Ireland Neighbourhood Information Service. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  4. ^ Crawford, W.H., Evolution of Towns in County Armagh, in Hughes, A.J. & Nolan, W. (2001): Armagh - History & Society Geography Publications, Dublin, p. 861
  5. ^ Grant, J.,Some Aspects of the Great Famine in County Armagh, in Hughes, A.J. & Nolan, W. (2001): Armagh - History & Society Geography Publications, Dublin, p.840

External links[edit]

See also[edit]