Belleville, Michigan

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Belleville
City of Belleville
City
Welcome to Belleville Michigan.jpg
Flag of Belleville
Flag
Official seal of Belleville
Seal
Motto: "Quality Living"[1]
Location in Wayne County and the state of Michigan
Location in Wayne County and the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 42°12′N 83°29′W / 42.200°N 83.483°W / 42.200; -83.483
Country United States
State Michigan
County Wayne
Government
 • Type Council–manager government
 • Mayor Kerreen Conley
Area[2]
 • Total 1.20 sq mi (3.11 km2)
 • Land 1.14 sq mi (2.95 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation 673 ft (205 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 3,991
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 3,919
 • Density 3,500.9/sq mi (1,351.7/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 48111-48112
Area code(s) 734
FIPS code 26-07020
GNIS feature ID 0621058[5]
Website City of Belleville, Michigan

Belleville is a city in Wayne County in the State of Michigan. The population was 3,991 at the 2010 census.[6] It is the sister city of Machynlleth, Wales. Belleville is 15 miles (24 km) southeast of Ann Arbor and 29 miles (47 km) southwest of Detroit.

History[edit]

Belleville was established in 1905.[1]

The community was named for either the French word for "beautiful town", or in honor of landowner James Bell.[7]

Geography[edit]

Skyline from Columbia Court

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.20 square miles (3.11 km2), of which 1.14 square miles (2.95 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water.[2] Edison Lake (the proper name of Belleville Lake) was created by damming up the Huron River in two places. The Huron River flows into Lake Erie.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 486
1920 626 28.8%
1930 758 21.1%
1940 1,286 69.7%
1950 1,722 33.9%
1960 1,921 11.6%
1970 2,406 25.2%
1980 3,366 39.9%
1990 3,270 −2.9%
2000 3,997 22.2%
2010 3,991 −0.2%
Est. 2012 3,919 −1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 Estimate[9]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 3,991 people, 1,755 households, and 1,005 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,500.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,351.7/km2). There were 1,965 housing units at an average density of 1,723.7 per square mile (665.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 80.6% White, 14.1% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population.

There were 1,755 households of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.8% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.7% were non-families. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 40 years. 21.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.4% were from 25 to 44; 28.2% were from 45 to 64; and 14.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,997 people, 1,842 households, and 1,022 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,520.3 per square mile (1,353.7/km²). There were 1,931 housing units at an average density of 1,700.7 per square mile (654.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.54% White, 7.88% African American, 0.40% Native American, 1.18% Asian, 0.95% from other races, and 2.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.53% of the population.

There were 1,842 households out of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.5% were non-families. 37.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $44,196, and the median income for a family was $56,071. Males had a median income of $47,759 versus $30,145 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,927. About 3.5% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.5% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 and over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Belleville also has a festival called the Strawberry Festival. The Strawberry Festival gets considerable media coverage. People from all over Wayne County come to celebrate Belleville's economic supporter the strawberry.

Points of interest[edit]

In the 1930s, Belleville had a reputation as a resort community where the wealthy of Detroit maintained getaway estates. Henry Ford and Charles Lindbergh once owned summer cottages on Belleville Lake, in the neighborhood of Harmony Lane.[citation needed]

Music[edit]

The city has been called the birthplace of techno music, namely having been home to Derrick May, Juan Atkins and Kevin Saunderson, commonly known as the Belleville Three, who were instrumental in its creation.

During Belleville's annual Strawberry Festival, bands from all around perform in the downtown and make it a very large cultural exchange area.

The Belleville High School Marching Band is one of the three largest marching bands in the United States, with almost 300 members on the field at one time. There are over 300 people in the band program, which includes Freshmen Band, two Concert Bands, a Symphony Band and a Jazz Band. The Symphony Band has received various national honors, and performs at a consistently advanced level, especially for a high school ensemble.

Education[edit]

Belleville is in the Van Buren Public Schools District. The district has five elementary schools (Savage, Rawsonville, Tyler, Haggerty, and Edgemont), an intermediate school (5th and 6th grade, Owen Intermediate School), one middle school (7th and 8th grade, MacBride Middle School), one high school Belleville High School, and the Early Childhood Development Center (ECDC).

Sports[edit]

Several current players in the NFL attended Belleville High School, including former Michigan Wolverine and current Denver Bronco linebacker Ian Gold, Carolina Panther defensive tackle Kris Jenkins, his brother Philadelphia Eagles defensive tackle Cullen Jenkins, Buffalo Bill linebacker Kevin Harrison, and retired San Francisco 49er All-Pro linebacker Frank Nunley,and Green Bay Packers running back Rodney Quiney-Karo.

Former Los Angeles Dodger and Boston Red Sox outfielder Billy Ashley attended Belleville High School.

Media[edit]

Despite its small size the Belleville area is served by four weekly newspapers, the Belleville-Area Independent, the Belleville Lake Current, the Belleville View, and the Belleville Enterprise.

Points of interest[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°12′N 83°29′W / 42.200°N 83.483°W / 42.200; -83.483