Bellevue, Idaho

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Bellevue, Idaho
City
Central Bellevue in 2010
Central Bellevue in 2010
Location in Blaine County and the state of Idaho
Location in Blaine County and the state of Idaho
Coordinates: 43°27′54″N 114°15′24″W / 43.46500°N 114.25667°W / 43.46500; -114.25667Coordinates: 43°27′54″N 114°15′24″W / 43.46500°N 114.25667°W / 43.46500; -114.25667
Country United States
State Idaho
County Blaine
Government
 • Mayor Chris Koch
Area[1]
 • Total 1.51 sq mi (3.91 km2)
 • Land 1.47 sq mi (3.81 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation 5,167 ft (1,575 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 2,287
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 2,281
 • Density 1,555.8/sq mi (600.7/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 83313
Area code(s) 208
FIPS code 16-06220
GNIS feature ID 0397425
Website bellevueidaho.us

Bellevue is a city in Blaine County in the central part of the U.S. state of Idaho. The population was 2,287 at the 2010 census, up from 1,876 in 2000.[4]

It is located in the Wood River Valley, about 18 miles (29 km) south of the resort area of Ketchum and Sun Valley. The city of Hailey and the Friedman Memorial Airport are a few miles north of Bellevue. The Big Wood River flows near downtown.

The Bellevue Historic District and the Henry Miller House are both listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

History[edit]

The Bellevue area was explored by fur trader Alexander Ross in 1824.

Bellevue was settled and chartered in 1882.[5] The city is located on a mile-wide plateau noted for its rich soil suitable for fruit growing.[6] The nearby lands are also rich with resources, and Bellevue grew as a mining town. Between 1881 and the 1893 crash of the silver market, the mines near Bellevue produced more than $60 million worth of silver, lead and gold.[7] Some of Bellevue's mines included Keystone, Palmas, Antelope, Big Camus, Phoenix, Paymaster, Silver Tide, and Monday Mine.[8]

The community soon had two newspapers, The Bellevue Daily Sun and The Bellevue Chronicle. In 1880, the Bellevue M.E. Church was established, as was Bellevue IOOF Lodge No. 9. The International Hotel was built at Main and Oak, and could accommodate 75 guests. A mining smelter was also constructed.[6]

A devastating fire engulfed the city's business district in 1905, started when the Seymour Saloon's bartender lit a match to investigate a gasoline leak.[9] Then in 1957, windows in Bellevue were shattered and the city was rocked when 8 tons of dynamite and 56 rounds of artillery shells accidentally detonated at a mine west of the city.[10]

The Wood River Rock Festival took place in 1971 in nearby Slaughterhouse Gulch. The festival was plagued by faulty sound equipment, cold weather, inadequate facilities, poor attendance, and grasshoppers. Eight people were arrested for drug possession, and three for drunk driving.[11]

Local farmer Dave Markham lost his llama 'Dagwood' to mountain lions in 1998,[12] while another local farmer Bill Sherbine was named Idaho Barley Grower of the Year in 2004, and received $500 and a trip to the Coors Brewing Company in Golden, Colorado.[13]

In 2003, Bellevue was the location of the Murder of Diane and Alan Scott Johnson. Then in 2012, Bellevue's Mayor Jon Anderson committed a murder-suicide, killing his ex-wife and then himself.[14]

In 2009, Bellevue's City Clerk, Lacey Ann Loughmiller, was sentenced to 180 days in jail after being convicted of embezzling almost $14,000 from the city.[15]

Geography[edit]

Bellevue is located at 43°27′54″N 114°15′24″W / 43.46500°N 114.25667°W / 43.46500; -114.25667 (43.465019, -114.256755),[16] at an elevation of 5,170 feet (1,576 m) above sea level.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.51 square miles (3.91 km2), of which, 1.47 square miles (3.81 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 613
1890 892 45.5%
1900 356 −60.1%
1910 702 97.2%
1920 526 −25.1%
1930 375 −28.7%
1940 502 33.9%
1950 528 5.2%
1960 384 −27.3%
1970 537 39.8%
1980 1,016 89.2%
1990 1,275 25.5%
2000 1,876 47.1%
2010 2,287 21.9%
source:[17][18]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,287 people, 849 households, and 571 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,555.8 inhabitants per square mile (600.7 /km2). There were 926 housing units at an average density of 629.9 per square mile (243.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 80.4% White, 0.3% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 16.6% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.8% of the population.

There were 849 households of which 40.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.7% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.27.

The median age in the city was 35 years. 29.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.8% were from 25 to 44; 27.5% were from 45 to 64; and 6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.4% male and 49.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 1,876 people, 679 households, and 486 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,577.5 people per square mile (608.7/km²). There were 724 housing units at an average density of 608.8 per square mile (234.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.57% White, 0.05% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 11.14% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.35% of the population.

There were 679 households out of which 38.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 6.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 111.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,438, and the median income for a family was $49,276. Males had a median income of $33,056 versus $24,583 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,094. About 6.7% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Students are served by the Blaine County School District. Seniors attend Wood River High School in Hailey.

Transportation[edit]

  • ID-75.svg - SH-75 - Sawtooth Scenic Byway

The city is served by State Highway 75, a two-lane undivided highway that connects Shoshone to Challis. The highway travels over Galena Summit and through the Sawtooth National Recreation Area and is designated as the "Sawtooth Scenic Byway."[20]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ Spokesman-Review - 2010 census - Bellevue, Idaho - accessed 2011-12-26
  5. ^ Bancroft, Hubert Howe (1890). History of the Pacific States of North America. The History Company. 
  6. ^ a b History of Idaho territory. Wallace W. Elliott. 1884. 
  7. ^ Clark, Bob (1998). Scenic Driving Idaho. Morris Book Publishing. 
  8. ^ Yale, Chas G. (1882). List of Working Mines of the Pacific Coast. Geo. Spaulding. 
  9. ^ "Bad Fire at Bellevue, Idaho". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Nov 8, 1905. 
  10. ^ "Dynamite Blast Wrecks Panes in Bellevue". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Feb 11, 1957. 
  11. ^ "Idaho Festival Sputters to Halt". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Sep 6, 1971. 
  12. ^ "Llama in Bellevue, Idaho". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Jan 3, 1998. 
  13. ^ "Idaho Barley Grower Takes VIP Coors Tour". Capital Press. Jan 20, 2006. 
  14. ^ "Autopsy confirms former Bellevue mayor's murder-suicide". KBOI2.com. Fe. 15, 2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  15. ^ "Former Idaho city clerk sentenced for embezzlement". NWCN.com. Dec 2, 2009. 
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  17. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 90.
  18. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Idaho 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. Archived from the original on 31 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-26. 
  19. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  20. ^ Idaho Byways - Sawtooth Scenic Byway - accessed 2011-12-06
  21. ^ "Idaho Olympic star Kaitlyn Farrington ‘can’t wait to come home’". Idaho Statesman. Retrieved February 15, 2014. 

External links[edit]