Bellevue Downtown Park

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Bellevue Downtown Park
Aerial Downtown Bellevue Park May 2012.JPG
Type Urban park
Location Bellevue, Washington
Coordinates 47°36′45″N 122°12′15″W / 47.61250°N 122.20417°W / 47.61250; -122.20417Coordinates: 47°36′45″N 122°12′15″W / 47.61250°N 122.20417°W / 47.61250; -122.20417
Area 20-acre (81,000 m2)
Created 1983

Bellevue Downtown Park is a 20-acre (81,000 m2) park located in the heart of downtown Bellevue, WA. The park was designed for passive and unstructured use, and as a "respite from the activities of busy urban life."[1]

The idea for a park in downtown Bellevue was created from civic and private leadership, which saw the City's potential for shaping its future during a time of rapid growth and development. In the early 1980s, economic forces were rapidly influencing the character of downtown Bellevue. Its center was emerging as a hub for commercial and business activity, and the city was seen as a desirable residential community. In the middle of this dynamic period of growth, the City Council and community leaders saw the necessity of creating an amenity within the City which would help define its character and provide open space in an increasingly urban downtown core.

In December 1983, the City of Bellevue acquired 17 acres (69,000 m2) within Bellevue's central business district from the Bellevue School District for $14.3 Million, and financed the transaction through Councilmanic bonds backed by a local option sales tax.[2] In the years since the park land was purchased, approximately four acres have been added to the site.[3]

Design competition[edit]

Historical image of Bellevue Downtown Park site
Aerial photo looking east toward the future site of Bellevue's Downtown Park (circa early 1980s). Bellevue Square is to the left.

An international competition was conducted to select the design concept for Downtown Park. As a first step in formulating a competition program, a survey was distributed to 55,000 businesses and households asking what they envisioned in a downtown park. A majority of the 5,000 respondents indicated a preference for a pedestrian-oriented green space that would remain relatively free of buildings and special interest facilities.[2] A total of 67 entries, each of whom paid $100 to enter the competition, were received from throughout the United States, Canada, and Europe. These entries were judged by a jury consisting of local leaders, Bellevue staff, and the chairpersons of the University of Washington's School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture.[2]

In December, 1984, the jury recommended the concept submitted by Beckley-Myers of Milwaukee. The design itself called for a circular promenade for walking which defined a 10-acre (40,000 m2) open space bordered by a canopy of trees, and a continuous canal terminating in a giant waterfall and reflecting pool. Between the promenade and surrounding streets, the design proposed opportunities to create small park venues, such as formal gardens, outdoor performance areas, picnic spaces, and children's playgrounds, which all ranked highly in the citizens' survey.[3]

One unique element of the park's design is the preservation of the footprint of Bellevue's former South Union High School, originally located on the Downtown Park site. The footprint can readily be seen on aerial photos of the park, in the northeast quadrant of the large open meadow.

World War One Memorial[edit]

The trees located in the center of the park are a memorial to Eastside World War I veterans. On November 11, 1926, the Bellevue Minute Women and Bellevue School District dedicated the memorial. The original monument consisted of a plaque with the names of three men killed in the war, three elm trees, and a 48-star US flag flying on a 65-foot (20 m) pole.[4] The flag pole is no longer present. In 2006, one elm tree died and was replaced after a severe windstorm.[4] The City and private parties are working on plans to restore the aging monument.[4]

Development[edit]

Bellevue Downtown Park today
Bellevue's Downtown Park today.

Downtown Park utilized a unique funding mechanism, heavily reliant on donations from the community. It was important for the City of Bellevue to demonstrate visible progress on the park construction immediately. Because of this, the park was developed on a pay-as-you-go basis, with fundraising processes running parallel to construction.

Phase I of park development included construction of the northeast corner of the park, and was officially opened at a ceremony on September 13, 1987.[2][5] Phase II of park development, which included completion of the western side of the park, was finished in 1990 following approval of a park bond issue.[6][7]

Since that time, additional portions of the park have been completed, including:

  • construction of a parking lot along the park's west boundary;
  • construction of a restroom and children's play area in the southwest corner of the park;
  • additional parking and re-alignment of SE 2nd Street in the southeast corner of the park; and
  • removal of a structure from the northwest corner of the park.

Several additional components are anticipated in the future, including completion of the circular canal, improved parking, and enhancements to park entrances.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ City of Bellevue (2003). Parks & Open Space Plan.
  2. ^ a b c d City of Bellevue. Public/Private Park Development: A Case Study.
  3. ^ a b c City of Bellevue (1997). Bellevue Downtown Park Master Plan Update.
  4. ^ a b c Nat Levy (January 21, 2011), Lest we not forget, Bellevue Reporter 
  5. ^ City of Bellevue Slide Archive - 00248-02
  6. ^ http://www.bellevuewa.gov/Ordinances/Ord-3940.pdf
  7. ^ http://www.bellevuewa.gov/Ordinances/Ord-3973.pdf