- This article is about the town in North Lanarkshire, Scotland. For other places of the same name, see Bellshill (disambiguation).
|Scottish Gaelic: Cnoc a' Chluig|
St. Andrew's Church, Bellshill
Bellshill shown within North Lanarkshire
|- Edinburgh||33 mi (53 km) ENE|
|- London||341 mi (549 km) SSE|
|Council area||North Lanarkshire|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Coatbridge, Chryston and Bellshill|
|Scottish Parliament||Uddingston and Bellshill|
Bellshill (pronounced Bells-hill) is a town in North Lanarkshire, Scotland, 10 miles south east of Glasgow city centre and 37 miles west of Edinburgh. Other nearby towns are Motherwell (2 miles), Hamilton (3 miles) and Coatbridge (3 miles). Since 1996, it has been situated in the Greater Glasgow metropolitan area. The town has a population of 20,705.
The earliest record of settlement in the Bellshill area is a village called Belmill, recorded on a map by Timothy Pont published in 1654. The village consisted of a row of quarry workers' houses owned by Mr. Bell, who owned a stone quarry to the south of Belmill. After the quarry closed, the village disappeared and a settlement developed nearby called Crossgates. About 1810, this new settlement took on the name Bellshill and continued to grow absorbing nearby villages such as Black Moss, Sykehead and Nesnas.
According to the first Statistical Account, in the late 1700s the parish of Bothwell, which encompasses modern Bellshill, was a centre of hand-loom weaving with 113 weavers recorded. Only 53 colliers were listed. A hundred or so years later, these occupations had changed places in degree of importance to the area economy. With the introduction of new machinery in the mid 19th century, many cottage weavers lost their livelihood. Demand for coal to feed British industry meant that by the 1870s 20 deep pits were in operation in the area.
The first mine to open (and the last to close in 1953) was the Thankerton mine. Others followed swiftly and rapidly increased the size of the town, even attracting a steady stream of immigrants from abroad, particularly Lithuania, so much so that the town is sometimes referred to as 'Little Lithuania'. The rise in the migrant Lithuanian population led to the opening of The Scottish Lithuanian Recreation and Social Club within Calder Road in the Mossend area.
Iron and Steel production were also central to the development of the town. J. B. Neilson, developer of the revolutionary 'hot blast' process, opened the first iron works in the area (Mossend Iron Works) in 1839.
In the 1870s, Bothwell Parochial Board built the two-ward Bellshill Hospital. During World War I, the hospital specialised in infectious diseases. In 1917, the hospital began to change focus to become a maternity hospital, the first in the Lanarkshire area, with new dedicated maternity buildings being opened in 1958 and 1962. The hospital was also the first in the world to have an 'Obstetric Flying Squad'. It was the birthplace of many famous faces including politician Robin Cook, footballer Ally McCoist and singer Sheena Easton. The hospital was closed in 2001 and demolished in 2003 to make way for new housing developments.
According to a report by the Halifax Building Society, in the first quarter of 2005 Bellshill was the UK's property hot spot with a 46% rise in house prices. This took the average property price to £105,698 (according to reports published April 2005).
The streetscape project, a plan to regenerate and modernise the town centre, commenced Apr 2007 and was completed nearly three years later. The project, created a one way system on the main street with more space for pedestrians.
Bellshill once had 6 primary schools including Belvidere Primary School. This was closed, however, in early June 2010 and has now been demolished. Holy Family Primary School was founded in 1868 and moved to new buildings in 1907 to accommodate an influx of Lithuanian, Polish and Irish Catholics seeking work in the area. There are two fairly large secondary schools, Bellshill Academy and Cardinal Newman High School.
Several churches serve the town including St Andrews United Free Church of Scotland, The West Church, St Gerard's, Sacred Heart and Macdonald Memorial.
There is a free public library within the Bellshill Cultural Centre.
Bellshill is also known for its music, especially since the mid-1980s. Bands such as the Soup Dragons, BMX Bandits and Teenage Fanclub put Bellshill on the map as an indie rock hot-spot in Scotland. The scene - known as the Bellshill Sound or the Bellshill Beat - was celebrated by influential DJ John Peel in the Channel 4 television series Sounds Of The Suburbs. Bellshill continues to produce well respected and influential independent pop music, with members of current band, Mogwai, hailing from the town.
Notable people from Bellshill
Bellshill was home to Lanarkshire's maternity hospital. The following list refers to all the famous people who were born in the town.
- Kenny Arthur (born 1978), footballer
- Tom Birney (born 1956), American footballer
- Sir Matt Busby (1909–94), football player and manager
- Doug Cameron (politician)
- Stuart Carswell
- William Chalmers (manager)
- Gregory Clark (economist)
- Robin Cook, politician
- Tom Cowan
- James Dempsey
- Mike Denness
- Peter Cherrie
- Henry Dyer
- Sheena Easton, vocalist
- Scott Fox, goalkeeper for Partick Thistle
- Hughie Gallacher, Scottish internationalist footballer and Football League winning captain of Newcastle United
- Peter Grant (footballer)
- Scott Harrison (boxer), former world boxing champion
- Lee Hollis
- Brian Irvine (footballer)
- Brian Kerr (footballer)
- Bryan Kirkwood (producer)
- David Lilley
- Malky Mackay
- Chris Maguire
- Kevin McBride (footballer)
- Frank McCarthy (disc jockey)
- Brian McClair
- Ally McCoist
- Lee McCulloch
- John McCusker
- Chris McGroarty
- Paul McGuigan (filmmaker)
- Tom McKean
- Billy McNeill
- James McPake
- Hugh Murray (footballer)
- Alex Neil (footballer)
- David Shaw Nicholls
- Phil O'Donnell (footballer)
- Tommy O'Hara
- Sean O'Kane
- Jim Paterson (footballer), full-back/winger Plymouth Argyle
- John Rankin (footballer)
- John Reid (politician)
- Natalie J Robb
- Sharleen Spiteri, singer, songwriter, guitarist and lead vocalist of Texas
- Steven Smith (footballer)
- Harry Stanley
- John Stewart (footballer)
- Kenny Wright (footballer)
The town has a football team, Bellshill Athletic, that plays in the Scottish Junior Football West Premier League. They play their home games outside of the town, in Tollcross, Glasgow, after New Brandon Park was closed down to reduce costs. The club only has a tiny fan base due to the towns residents being followers of Rangers, Celtic and near-neighbours Motherwell.
Bellshill also has the Sir Matt Busby Sports Complex (Named after the late Manchester United legend who was born and brought up in the area) that opened in 1995. It has an Olympic standard swimming pool, with two large spectator seating areas either side, a large hall and health suite. The complex also has a gym and a dance studio.
- List of railway station names in English, Scots and Gaelic - NewsNetScotland
- Wilson, Rhona (1995). Bygone Bellshill. Catrine, Ayrshire: Stenlake Publishing. p. 3. ISBN 9781872074597.
- Wilson, Rhona (1995). Bygone Bellshill. Catrine, Ayrshire: Stenlake Publishing. p. 4. ISBN 9781872074597.
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