Belly chain

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For the restraint for prisoners, see Belly chain (restraint).
The professional wrestler Eve Torres wearing a belly chain.

A belly chain or waist chain are the popular English terms for the Kamarband/Udiyanam, which is a type of body jewelry worn around the waist. Some belly chains attach to a navel piercing; these are also called "pierced belly chains". They are often made of silver or gold. Sometimes a thread is used around the waist instead of a chain.

A belly chain is a common adornment for belly dancers.

Historical Perspective[edit]

Use of waist chains can be traced back to 4000 years or more originating in India, as is the case with most jewellery, which are now becoming popular worldwide due to globalisation and the diffusion of Indian culture through Indian diaspora and exposure to Indian media. Historically, waist chains have been used in Eastern countries, specifically India, by both men and women, as ornaments and as part of religious ceremonies, as accessories and to show affluence. Many ancient sculptures and paintings from various locations in India, dating back to the Indus Valley civilization, indicate that waist chains were a very popular jewelry. Around the world, from Europe to Japan, USA to Latin America, an increasing number of women including celebrities are wearing waist ornaments for various reasons.[1] In Maldives, it was reported that scholars, magistrates and other influential people wore silver chains around their waists before the 1680s. Sayyid Mohammed arrived in Male’ when he heard that Maldives was filled with what he called "forbidden practices." He banned men from wearing waist chains as part of his effort to remove superstition and heresy. Some men complied, in other cases chains were forcibly removed.[2] Many deities in the Hindu religion, such as Lord Krishna, wore waist chains.[3][4][5] A waistband called cummerbund or patka was a part of the medieval upper class costume of Rajasthanis.[6]

Belly chains are common among the women in India,[7] in some regions waist chains are also common among men as well. A 14th Century poetry indicates that waist chain has also been a fashion for men in some parts(“The golden waist chain, and fine skirts, resting upon his rainbow waist, beautifully shining”).[8] Namboothri men generally wear waist string even as adults,[9] in some aristocratic families, Namboothiri men wore a flattened triple gold string around the waist.[10] As a Hindu custom newborns get a waist chain (Aranjanam) on the 28th day after their birth. In Kerala, a state in India, almost all newborns irrespective of the religious affiliation usually get a waist chain. Although many boys generally abandon waist chains during their teenage years, a large fraction of the girls and a sizable number of boys continue to wear waist chains even as adults.[11] A follower of Lord Siva is expected to wear a chain, with Rudrakshas strung in a white chain with one hundred beads, around the waist.[12] In Lakshdweep a silver thread is worn by both men and women.[13] Dhodia and Kathodis are Katkari men use ornaments around the waist[14][15][16] Because of cultural reasons, waist chains became a fashion accessory for both women and men in many parts of the world.[17]

Medical Application[edit]

A U.S. Patent was issued for using waist chain as a continuous monitoring device to facilitate weight loss,[18] some of which are available in the market. [19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]