Belmont, New South Wales

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Belmont
Lake MacquarieNew South Wales
Population 6,420 (2011 census)[1]
 • Density 730/km2 (1,890/sq mi)
Established 1825
Postcode(s) 2280
Area 8.8 km2 (3.4 sq mi)
Location
LGA(s) City of Lake Macquarie
Parish Kahibah
State electorate(s) Swansea, Charlestown
Federal Division(s) Shortland
Suburbs around Belmont:
Valentine Belmont North Redhead
Lake Macquarie Belmont
Lake Macquarie Belmont South Pacific Ocean

Belmont is a suburb in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia, located 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Newcastle's central business district on the eastern side of Lake Macquarie and is part of the City of Lake Macquarie.

Belmont is situated on a sandy peninsula formed by the Tasman Sea on the east and Lake Macquarie.

History[edit]

The area around Belmont was inhabited by the Awabakal People. Traces of middens of shellfish, axe grinding grooves and place names can still be seen here.[citation needed] In 1825 Reverend Lancelot Edward Threlkeld established a mission at Belmont.[2]

He established small scale farming of wheat and Indian Corn and employed the local Aboriginal people to help him. While doing so, Threlkeld recorded the language of the Awabakal and produced the first serious works on aboriginal language, its grammar, usage, and relation to other aboriginal languages. The mission closed after a few years and Threlkeld moved to the Western side of Lake Macquarie.[citation needed]

Facilities[edit]

Belmont is home to many shops, restaurants and many other amenities. Belmont and the surrounding area also include 4 primary schools (Belmont Public School, Belmont North Public School, Floraville Public School and Jewells Public School) and 2 secondary schools, Belmont High School, a campus of Hunter Institute of TAFE and Belmont Christian College. Belmont Hospital, located on Croudace Bay Road, is the only public hospital in Lake Macquarie.

Transport[edit]

Until May 2006, Aeropelican operated scheduled passenger services from Belmont Airport to Sydney Airport. The discontinuation of these services has all but closed the airfield, with owners seeking to develop the land. However, Belmont Airport has now been taken over by the owners of Warnervale Airport. The tar runway will be ripped up and a concrete runway laid. They are looking to resume a commuter service to Sydney in early 2008, which never happened.[citation needed]

Coal[edit]

Diesel railcar prepares to leave Newcastle Station for Belmont, c1972
John Darling Colliery

Many collieries, large and small, sought coal from the coal seams which were plentiful in the Belmont area, the largest of these being the BHP's John Darling Colliery at Belmont North. The New Redhead Estate & Coal Mining Company operated a railway until recent times from Belmont to Adamstown, a suburb of Newcastle,[3] where it joined the New South Wales Government Railways Main Line. The railway carried passenger trains as well as coal trains and served several collieries. Also, situated on a spur line just south of Belmont railway station, was a large railway coal loading facility, whereby motor trucks from collieries as far afield as Swansea, New South Wales, could load their coal into railway trucks for transporting to Newcastle's port. The smaller collieries closed due to the 1960s - 1970s slump in the industry, the last being Belltop Colliery. The larger collieries closed later.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°02′13″S 151°39′36″E / 33.037°S 151.660°E / -33.037; 151.660