Belmore Mountain

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For other uses, see Belmore (disambiguation).
Belmore Mountain
Sliabh Bhéal Mór
Belmore Mountain.JPG
Belmore Mountain, Spring 2005
Elevation 398 m (1,306 ft)
Prominence 322 m (1,056 ft)
Listing Marilyn
Translation mountain of the big mouth (Irish)
Location
Belmore Mountain is located in Northern Ireland
Belmore Mountain
Location of Belmore Mountain in Northern Ireland
Location County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland
OSI/OSNI grid H138417
Coordinates 54°19′26″N 7°47′19″W / 54.3238°N 7.7886°W / 54.3238; -7.7886Coordinates: 54°19′26″N 7°47′19″W / 54.3238°N 7.7886°W / 54.3238; -7.7886
Topo map OSNI Discoverer 17

Belmore Mountain (from Irish: Béal Mór[1], meaning "big mouth") is a hill in the townland of Gortgall, western County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. With a summit roughly 398 metres (1,306 ft) above sea level,[2] it is the second highest point in Fermanagh, the highest being at Cuilcagh on the Northern Ireland–Republic of Ireland border in the south of the county.

Belmore Mountain dominates the skyline in the nearby county town of Enniskillen and gives its name to Belmore Street in the town.

Geography[edit]

Geologically dominated by limestone, outcropping of the sedimentary rock forms extensive sheer cliffs near the summit. Chemical erosion caused by the natural acidity of water has formed a cave system underneath the mountain, accessible at the village of Boho. Faulting has produced the Knockmore escarpment on the western flanks of Belmore. Other small villages and hamlets around the foot of Belmore include Letterbreen and Springfield.

Agriculture is limited due to the steep slopes and thin peaty soils on Belmore, however extensive plantations of coniferous forest can be found on the upper plateau.

Among the notable features of the mountain is a chambered giant's cave.[3]

Eponymy[edit]

The hill gives its name to an Irish earldom. Somerset Lowry-Corry, 4th Earl Belmore, served from 1868 to 1872 as the 14th Governor of New South Wales, where several features are named for him: the Belmore River, the suburb of Belmore in Sydney, Belmore Park, also in Sydney and in Goulburn.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Placenames Database of Ireland
  2. ^ Kelly, p. 226
  3. ^ Martin, p.170

References[edit]

  • Hughes, William (1882), Geologic Notes of Ireland, Dublin: Gill 
  • Kelly, John (1859), "The Carboniferous Rocks of Ireland", The Atlantis (July) 
  • Martin, C. P. (1935), Prehistoric Man in Ireland, London: Macmillan