Belorusskaya (Zamoskvoretskaya Line)
Moscow Metro station
|Line(s)||2 Zamoskvoretskaya Line|
|Connections||Bus: 0, 12, 12ts, 27, 82, 84
Trolleybus: 1, 12, 18, 20, 54, 56, 70, 78, 82
|Depth||33.1 metres (109 ft)|
|Platforms||1 island platform|
|Opened||11 September 1938|
|Owned by||Moskovsky Metropoliten|
Belorusskaya (Russian: Белору́сская) is a Moscow Metro station on the Zamoskvoretskaya Line. Designed by architects Ivan Taranov and Nadezhda Bykova, it was opened in 1938 as part of the second stage of the Moscow Metro. The station is named after the nearby Belorussky Rail Terminal, from which westward trains towards Belarus and western Europe depart.
The station is decorated with national Belarusian motives, which include the facing of rectangular pylons faced with pink marble from Birobidzhan on the exterior and with black davalu marble in the passageway to the platforms. Bronze floor-lamps decorate the pylon niches, in the end of the central hall is a bust of Vladimir Lenin.
The station underwent several modernisations which slightly altered its original design. The floor, initially being based on Belarusian national ornaments, was replaced with square tiles of black and grey marble. The walls also initially covered with indigo ceramic tiles were replaced by indigo marble in 2004.
In 1952, a series of staircases was added to the southern side of the central hall, and a transfer to Belorusskaya station on the Koltsevaya Line was opened. In 1958 the first cruise control system in the Moscow Metro was tested on Belorusskaya with a photoelement installed on a train.
Presently the station receives 139,700 passengers per day from the ring and 45,950 from its vestibule which is built into the Belorussky Rail Terminal.