Beltrán-Leyva Cartel

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Beltrán-Leyva Cartel
Founded 2008
Founder Brothers: Arturo, Carlos, Alfredo, Mario Alberto and Héctor Beltrán Leyva
Founding location Sinaloa, Mexico
Years active 2008[1][2]
Territory Mexico:
North Sinaloa, Morelos, Guerrero, Quintana Roo, Oaxaca, Chiapas
United States:
California, Nevada, Texas, New Mexico
Criminal activities Drug trafficking, people smuggling, murder, arms trafficking, fencing, burglary[3]
Allies Los Mazatlecos, Los Zetas, Juárez Cartel
Rivals Sinaloa Cartel

The Beltrán-Leyva Cartel (Beltrán Leyva Organization or BLO[4]) (Spanish: Cártel de los Beltrán Leyva[5] or CBL[6]) was a Mexican drug cartel and organized crime syndicate founded originally as branch of the Sinaloa Cartel headed by the five Beltrán Leyva brothers: Marcos Arturo, Carlos, Alfredo, Mario Alberto and Héctor.[7][8] The cartel was responsible for cocaine transportation and wholesaling, marijuana production and wholesaling, and heroin production and wholesaling. It controlled numerous drug trafficking corridors, and engaged in human smuggling, money laundering, extortion, kidnapping, murder and gun-running.[8][9]

A splinter group from the Sinaloa Cartel that once became one of Mexico's most powerful drug cartels – which effectively infiltrated the ranks of various Mexican government agencies and even Mexico's Interpol – its last known leader, Héctor Beltrán Leyva (arrested in October 2014) had a multi-million dollar bounty on his head by the governments of both the United States and Mexico.[10][11][12] The capture on August 11, 2011 of one of the cartel's former top lieutenants,[13][13][14] called "the last Beltran-Leyva link of any importance",[13] prompted Mexican authorities to declare the cartel disbanded and extinct.[1][2]

History[edit]

Born in the Sinaloan countryside in the 1960s, the Beltrán Leyva brothers – Arturo, Carlos, Alfredo, Mario Alberto and Héctor – worked closely with Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán, the leader of the Sinaloa Cartel, during decades of smuggling.[15] Sensing a void in the rival Gulf Cartel after Osiel Cárdenas' arrest on March 14, 2003, the Sinaloa Cartel began to move into Gulf Cartel territory. Both gangs fought each other in northern Mexican cities, resulting in the deaths of hundreds of people, including some civilians, police and journalists. About 90 percent of those dead were drug traffickers.[16]

In 2004 and 2005, Arturo Beltrán Leyva led powerful groups of assassins to fight for trade routes in northeastern Mexico for the Sinaloa Cartel. Through the use of corruption or intimidation, the Beltrán Leyva Cartel was able to infiltrate Mexico's political,[17] judicial[18] and police institutions to feed classified information about anti-drug operations,[19][20] and even infiltrated the Interpol office in Mexico.[21]

The last cartel leader, Héctor Beltrán Leyva, was captured on October 1, 2014 while eating at a popular restaurant in San Miguel de Allende. The U.S.A. was offering a reward of USD $5 million for information leading to his arrest.[10] while the Mexican government was offering a USD $2.1 million reward.[11][12]

During 2010, former Beltran-Leyva cartel lieutenant Óscar Osvaldo García Montoya (a.k.a: El Compayito[22]) attempted to regroup some cartel remnants under a gang he called La Mano Con Ojos.[13] García Montoya was arrested on August 11, 2011;[13] the Attorney General of Mexico had placed a $5 million peso ($400,000 USD) bounty for his capture.[14] Mexican authorities stated that García Montoya was "the last Beltran-Leyva link of any importance",[13] and that the cartel has been disbanded.[1][2]

Allied forces of Los Zetas and Beltrán-Leyva remnants clashed on April 28, 2012 with gunmen of the Sinaloa Cartel in the Choix mountains. At least 32 armed men were confirmed dead. The renewed fighting in Sinaloa state between the BLO and Sinaloa Cartel is supposedly sparked by the incursion of the Sinaloa Cartel and its allies in Nuevo Laredo, traditionally the biggest Zeta stronghold.[23]

Switch of alliances[edit]

The arrest of Beltrán Leyva Organization leader Alfredo Beltrán Leyva (a.k.a. El Mochomo) ("The Desert Ant") on January 20, 2008,[24][25] was a huge blow to the Sinaloa Cartel, as he allegedly oversaw large-scale drug-smuggling operations and was a key money launderer for the cartel. In apparent revenge for the arrest of his brother Alfredo, Arturo ordered the assassination of the commissioner of the Federal Police, Édgar Eusebio Millán Gómez,[26] and other top federal officials in the Mexican capital.[27][28] One group of these hit men was captured in a Mexico City house with dozens of assault rifles, pistols, grenade launchers, 30 hand grenades, and bullet-proof jackets bearing the legend FEDA – the Spanish acronym for 'Special Forces of Arturo'.[26] Apparently, the Beltrán Leyva brothers blamed their boss Joaquin "Chapo" Guzmán for their brother's arrest,[29] and in retaliation ordered the assassination of Guzmán's son,[30] 22-year-old Édgar Guzmán López, which was carried out in a shopping center parking lot by at least 15 gunmen using assault rifles and grenade launchers.[8][31]

The residual impact of Alfredo’s arrest not only undermined long-term Sinaloa alliances, but resurrected animosities between rival cartel leaders Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzmán and Arturo’s new allies, the Juárez Cartel, and provided the catalyst behind the bloodshed in Mexico’s most-violent city: Ciudad Juárez.[32] The Beltrán Leyva brothers, and those loyalists who departed the Sinaloa Cartel with them, allied with Los Zetas, causing an escalation of conflict in strongholds shared uneasily by "old" Sinaloa leaders.

In February 2010, the Beltrán-Leyva Cartel and Los Zetas engaged in a violent turf war against the new alliance integrated by the Gulf Cartel, Sinaloa Cartel and La Familia Cartel in the border city of Reynosa, Tamaulipas,[33][34] rendering some border towns "ghost towns".[35]

Official reports from early 2010 revealed infighting for control of the cartel and its territory. One faction was led by lieutenants Édgar Valdez Villarreal and Gerardo Alvarez-Vazquez, while the other was led by Héctor Beltrán Leyva and his lieutenant Sergio Villarreal Barragán.[36][37] On April 2010 Héctor Beltrán Leyva created a short-lived cell or branch in Morelos state called South Pacific Cartel (Cartel del Pacífico Sur) best known for having employed a 12-year-old gunman and executioner.[38][39][40]


Assets[edit]

The cartel's assets included:[41]

  • Dominance over drug and other illegal activities at airports in Mexico, Monterrey, Toluca, Cancún, and Acapulco;
  • Hotels and restaurants constructed to launder money in Cancún, Acapulco, Cozumel, and other resorts;
  • A working agreement with Los Zetas.
  • Supply corridors for moving marijuana, heroin, and methamphetamine from the Andes to the Arctic;
  • Capability to extort, launder money, run guns, smuggle humans, promote prostitution and carry out kidnappings;
  • Operations in Mexico City, Chiapas, Guerrero Mexico State, Morelos, Nuevo León, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, Sinaloa, Sonora, and Tamaulipas, as well as in the United States and Canada;
  • Access to some high-ranking public figures and Army personnel whom they bribed or intimidated.
Former suppliers

The Beltrán Leyva brothers’ Colombian cocaine supplier, Ever Villafane Martínez, was arrested in Morelos in August 2008. After that, the organization pursued a relationship with Víctor and Darío Espinoza Valencia of Colombia’s Norte del Valle cartel.[29]

Bounty[edit]

The United States is offering a $5 million USD reward for information leading to the arrest and/or conviction of Héctor Beltrán Leyva.[42]

Captures[edit]

Alfredo Beltrán Leyva was captured on January 20, 2008,[25] and Arturo was killed by Mexican Marines in a shootout on December 16, 2009.[43] Two weeks following Arturo's death, on December 30, 2009, Carlos Beltrán Leyva was captured by the Mexican Federal Police in Culiacán, Sinaloa after showing authorities a fake driver's license of an alias he was living under.[8][44][45] Carlos was arrested on charges outstanding since 2008, including drug trafficking, criminal conspiracy, money laundering and illegal firearms.[8]

At the same time as federal police arrested Carlos, Beltrán Leyva associates who allegedly murdered four relatives - a mother, siblings and an aunt - of one of the marines involved in the shootout that killed Arturo, were also arrested by Mexican authorities, with a hitman allegedly confessing to the crimes.[8] The killings, allegedly in retaliation for Arturo's death, happened hours after the marine's funeral.[8] On April 22, 2010, cartel lieutenant Gerardo Alvarez-Vazquez was captured on the outskirts of Mexico City; the U.S. had been offering a $2 million U.S. bounty for his arrest.[46] Edgar Valdez Villarreal, the leader of Los Negros cartel enforcement, was arrested on August 30, 2010 outside Mexico City.[47] On January 18, 2011, José Jorge Balderas Garza, aka. "JJ" lieutenant and financial operator of the Valdez-Villarreal faction was captured. On September 12, 2010, Sergio Villarreal Barragán was arrested in the city of Puebla, east of Mexico City.[48] Héctor Beltrán Leyva was captured by the Mexican Armed Forces on October 1, 2014.[49]

The August 11, 2011 arrest of Óscar Osvaldo García Montoya (a.k.a: El Compayito),[50] a cartel lieutenant, was called "the last Beltran-Leyva link of any importance".[13]

On 16 April 2014, the second-in-command Arnoldo Villa Sánchez was captured by Mexican authorities in the Condesa district in Mexico City.[51]

On October 1, 2014, Hector Beltran Leyva and business associate German Goyenechea, who had become the cartel's chief financier,[52] were both captured while eating at a popular restaurant in San Miguel de Allende.[53]

Split[edit]

Since the death of Arturo Beltran Leyva on December 16, 2009, and the arrest of Edgar Valdez Villarreal on August 30, 2010, the Beltran Leyva brothers lost much of their influence and divided into separate independent groups:[citation needed]

See also[edit]

List of Mexico's 37 most-wanted drug lords

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Matan a jefe de plaza de los Beltran Leyva Diario de Morelos (December 23, 2011)
  2. ^ a b c Cae “El Marranero”, jefe de los Beltrán Leyva en Guerrero Proceso (October 16, 2011)
  3. ^ McCAUL, MICHAEL T. "A Line in the Sand: Confronting the Threat at the Southwest Border". HOUSE COMMITTEE ON HOMELAND SECURITY. Retrieved October 12, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Beltran Leyva Organization (BLO)". Insight Crime. Retrieved October 11, 2011. 
  5. ^ Old cartels with new names. Excelsior Author: Jorge Fernández Menéndez. (April 12, 2010)
  6. ^ "A Touch of Luck and Awareness". US Embassy Diplomatic Cables from WikiLeaks. Retrieved October 11, 2011. 
  7. ^ "President Bush Designates Beltran Leyva and his Organization Under Kingpin Act". Embassy of the U.S. in Mexico. May 30, 2008. Archived from the original on August 27, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-03.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "Mexico Captures Drug Lord Carlos Beltran Leyva". Latin American Herald Tribune. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  9. ^ "Profile: Mexico's Beltran Leyva drug-trafficking gang". BBC News. December 17, 2009. Archived from the original on April 8, 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-11. 
  10. ^ a b "Narcotics Rewards Program: Hector Beltran-Leyva". U.S. Department of State. 2009. Archived from the original on June 27, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-12. 
  11. ^ a b "Mexico’s 24 most wanted traffickers". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. March 23, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-19. 
  12. ^ a b Mexico offers $2 million for top drug lords
  13. ^ a b c d e f g "Cae el líder de "La Mano con Ojos"; lo vinculan con 600 homicidios". Excelsior (in Spanish). August 12, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-12.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  14. ^ a b La Mano Con Ojos por EdoMex
  15. ^ Grillo, Ioan (April 7, 2009). "Meet the drug lords". Global Post. Retrieved 2009-08-03. 
  16. ^ "Briefing: How Mexico is waging war on drug cartels.". The Christian Science Monitor. August 16, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-20.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  17. ^ Mauricio Fernández Garza y su pacto con los Beltrán Leyva
  18. ^ "DEA: Bribes taint late Mexican drug czar Story". The Houston Chronicle. May 13, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-03.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  19. ^ Stevenson, Mark (January 25, 2009). "Mexican top cops linked to cartel". The Herald. Retrieved 2009-08-03. [dead link]
  20. ^ "Politicians For Sale". StrategyWorld. July 7, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-03. 
  21. ^ Goddard, Jacqui (October 28, 2008). "Interpol agent passed information to Beltrán-Leyva cartel in Mexico". The Times (London). Retrieved 2009-08-03. 
  22. ^ Cae el líder de La Mano con Ojos; lo vinculan con 600 homicidios: La Policía del Estado de México detuvo en la delegación Tlalpan a Óscar Osvaldo García Montoya, El Compayito; el capo trabajó con los hermanos Beltrán Leyva. Ángeles Velasco. Excelsior. Mexico City, Mexico. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
  23. ^ "Update on the Choix, Sinaloa gunfights". April 30, 2012. 
  24. ^ Wilkinson, Tracy (27 May 2012). "Sinaloa cartel, Zetas push Mexico's drug violence to new depths". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  25. ^ a b "Major Mexican drug cartel suspects arrested, officials say". CNN. January 20, 2008. Archived from the original on June 27, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-03. 
  26. ^ a b "Gunmen Kill Chief of Mexico’s Police". The New York Times. May 9, 2008. Retrieved August 3, 2009.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  27. ^ Planearon los Beltrán Leyva homicidio de Edgar Millán: PFP
  28. ^ Mexico plagued by new wave of gangland murders
  29. ^ a b "Mexican Drug Cartels: Government Progress and Growing Violence". STRATFOR Global Intelligence. December 11, 2008. Retrieved 2009-08-25. 
  30. ^ Revela laptop operaciones de los Beltrán Leyva
  31. ^ Sinaloa, en jaque por la violencia tras ser asesinado hijo del Chapo
  32. ^ "Violence Along the Southwest Border”" (PDF). Report by El Paso Division – U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. March 24, 2009. pp. 10–11. Retrieved 2009-08-03.  |first1= missing |last1= in Editors list (help)
  33. ^ "Drug Wars in Tamaulipas: Cartels vs. Zetas vs. the Military". Center for Latin American and Border Studies (MexiData). March 1, 2010. Archived from the original on April 14, 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-04. 
  34. ^ "EU: alarma guerra "Zetas"-El Golfo" (in Spanish). El Universal. March 4, 2010. Archived from the original on March 6, 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-04.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  35. ^ Video: Narco deja pueblos fantasma en Tamaulipas (March 4, 2010).
  36. ^ "‘El Indio’ peleaba cártel a Héctor Beltrán". El Universal (in Spanish). April 22, 2010. Archived from the original on April 26, 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-24.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  37. ^ "Cae 'El Cantante', operador de 'El Indio'". El Universal (in Spanish). April 26, 2010. Archived from the original on April 29, 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-26. 
  38. ^ "Arresto de "El Ponchis" exhibe vacíos legales". El Universal (in Spanish). December 4, 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-06.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  39. ^ "Child Assassin named "El Ponchis"Arrested By Mexican Army". Flex. December 4, 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  40. ^ "Alleged U.S teen cartel assassin arrested". Ninja Cops. December 3, 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  41. ^ "The Death of a Mexican Drug Lord: What might it mean?". MexiData. March 1, 2010. Archived from the original on April 14, 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-05.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  42. ^ "Narcotics Rewards Program: Hector Beltran-Leyva". U.S. Department of State. 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  43. ^ "Mexico: Top drug cartel leader killed". CNN. December 17, 2009. Archived from the original on February 6, 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-08. 
  44. ^ "La PF detiene en Culiacán a hermano del "Jefe de Jefes"". El Universal (in Spanish). January 3, 2010. Archived from the original on January 6, 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
  45. ^ Mexico nabs 3rd brother in reputed drug family
  46. ^ Alleged top drug dealer caught near Mexico City (April 22, 2010)
  47. ^ "Police: Accused drug lord moved tons of cocaine to U.S.". CNN News. August 31, 2010. Archived from the original on September 2, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-03. 
  48. ^ "Mexico arrests suspected drug kingpin". BBC News. September 12, 2010. Archived from the original on September 15, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  49. ^ "Beltran Leyvas Down but Not Out" INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND SECURITY NETWORK.
  50. ^ "Mexico Arrests Trafficker Accused Of 600 Killings". NPR. The Associated Press. August 12, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-12. 
  51. ^ Valadez, Blanca (16 April 2014). "Cae el número 2 del cártel de los Beltrán Leyva". Milenio (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  52. ^ http://news.nationalpost.com/2014/10/03/the-leader-of-the-most-bloody-thirsty-drug-cartel-in-mexico-is-captured-in-a-town-favoured-by-canadian-expats/
  53. ^ http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/alleged-beltran-leyva-cartel-boss-nabbed-mexico-25907855