Beluša

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Beluša
Village
Country Slovakia
Region Trenčiansky
District Púchov
Area 51.343154 km2 (20 sq mi)
Population 6,061 (31. 12. 2005)
Density 118 / km2 (306 / sq mi)
First written document 1330
Mayor Ján Prekop
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 018 61
Area Code +421-42
Code 512851
VEP PU
Location within Slovakia
Location within Slovakia
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS
Website: http://www.belusa.sk/

Beluša (German rare Bellusch, Hungarian Bellus) is a large village and municipality in Púchov District in the Trenčín Region of north-western Slovakia. It is located in the northern parts of the Ilava Basin and is one of the largest communities of the Považie region.

History[edit]

The archaeological evidence shows that the village has been inhabited already in the Neolithic and early Bronze Age. It was mentioned for the first time in a written document in 1330. There is a Romanesque St Anne chapel from the mid-13th century in the village. This was already mentioned in the Papal documentation in 1332 which makes the rectory one of oldest one on the river Váh. The little church can be still found in the village center. The main church located right next to it has been dedicated to St. Elizabeth and it was built in 1560. The newest church standing in Belusa Hloza is known as Our Lady of Sorrows church and was built in 1990. It is clearly visible from the D1 freeway. Finally, in Belusa part Hloza on the Trencianska Street can be also found a small St. John of Nepomuk chapel. This one has been standing there since 1766. The close proximity to the river Váh as well Pruzinka creek brought several times devastating floods to the village. The worst on record happened between August 26.-28. 1813 and June the 2nd 1823 respectively. The most recent one took place in 1939. Pruzinka Creek has been regulated since 1940 and therefore effectively preventing any further flooding. Fire in September 1827 burned 130 houses. In the beginning of the 19th Century the town inaugurated the first basket-maker school of the Kingdom of Hungary. Plague, which was major problem in Europe wiped out 262 inhabitants in 1831. An important day for the village was July 24, 1913 which brought the first pharmacy to Belusa. The license was issued to Julius Thaller. The first pharmacy was located very close to the church. Until 1918, Beluša municipality in the county Trenčín (same as the rest of Slovakia) has been a part of the Kingdom of Hungary. After the Trianon Treaty it became part of the newly formed Czechoslovakia. Prior to the World War II there used to be a small Jewish community in the village. Currently the only proof of their presence is a small Jewish cemetery hidden in the north part of the village. It has been recently renovated and it's been documented in the Jewish archives.

Geography[edit]

The municipality lies at an altitude of 251 metres and covers an area of 51.343 km². Belusa has a population of about 6060 inhabitants.

The municipality consists of four parts: Beluša, Belušské Slatiny, Hloža, Podhorie (incorporated in 1976). The town hall is located in Beluša.

The village is also an important crossroad on the main road from Trenčín to Žilina. The main freeway D1 connecting Bratislava with Žilina bypasses Belusa. The main railway line from Bratislava to Košice via Žilina has got a stop here. The railway line built in the years 1878-1883 helped significantly to the development. In 1883 the railways station was completed. Currently the line is being updated to the higher speed. Once fully completed the average train speed should be around 160 km/h. River Váh (tributary of the Danube river) flows close to the village.

Belusa Baths/Belusske Slatiny[edit]

Part of Beluša are also the Beluša Baths (Belušské Slatiny). The spa used to be more popular, but then it lost majority of its thermal water. After some extensive drilling there was an interesting outcome. There is a direct connection between the spring in Beluša Baths and the one in the spa resort town of Trenčianske Teplice. Outdoor swimming pool in Beluša Baths is a popular summer place for the locals. All year round the spa with sulfur-aerated warm water can be enjoy in one of the hotels. Many of the bigger businesses in the region have their hotels and cottages in Belusa Baths.

Economy[edit]

There are several mid-size factories in the village. (Best Belusa, Koval, Pemex and Metalform) Linco margarine is also produced in the village.

Sport[edit]

The most popular sport in the village is soccer. The modest stadium can accommodate 1200 spectators (600 seated). The team has been participant of the regional league. Proximity of village of Mojtin offers skiing in the winter. The nearest indoor swimming pool is in nearby Puchov. Hiking in woods as is also common by the locals and tourist alike.

Well known people born or living in Beluša[edit]

  • Prof. MUDr. Emanuel Filo — Former dean of Comenius University in Bratislava and MD.
  • RNDr. Pavel Šulek, CSc. — Slovak physicist.
  • Vojtech Ambrus (November 3, 1909, Beluša — September 5, 1979, Budapest) — less known teacher and biologist
  • Pavel Adami (July 9, 1739 — 1814, Vienna) — important veterinarian
  • PhDr. Jozef Kočiš, CSc. (* 1928) — historian and writer

Genealogical resources[edit]

The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Bytca,Slovakia"

  • Roman Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1675-1895 (parish A)
  • Lutheran church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1784-1909 (parish B)

See also[edit]

External links and References[edit]

Coordinates: 49°04′N 18°20′E / 49.067°N 18.333°E / 49.067; 18.333