Bely, Tver Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Bely.

Coordinates: 55°50′N 32°56′E / 55.833°N 32.933°E / 55.833; 32.933

Coat of arms of Bely

Bely (Russian: Бе́лый) is a town and the administrative center of Belsky District of Tver Oblast, Russia, located on the Obsha River, about halfway between Smolensk (to the southwest), Toropets (to the north), and Rzhev (to the northeast). Population: 3,772 (2010 Census);[1] 4,350 (2002 Census);[2] 5,228 (1989 Census);[3] 6,900 (1897).

"Bely" means "white" in Russian, although it is unknown how the epithet came to be applied to this town. It was first noticed in 1359 as a fort in the Principality of Smolensk, passing to Lithuania by the end of the century. In the 15th century, it became a seat of the Belsky branch of the ruling House of Gediminas. The town was overrun by the Grand Duchy of Moscow in 1503. Three years later, they built a formidable castle, which the Lithuanians laid a siege to in 1508. The town was again subordinated to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth between 1618 and 1654. It was once part of the Belarusian People's Republic, but since the Stalinist era has been a part of Russia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  3. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012.