Bely Gorod

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Bely Gorod (Russian: Бе́лый го́род, that is, "White Town") is the central core area of Moscow, Russia.

The name comes from the color of its defensive wall, which was erected in 1585-1593 at the behest of tsar Feodor I and Boris Godunov by architect Fyodor Kon'. The length of the wall - 10 kilometres (6.2 mi), width up to 4.5 metres (15 ft).

Bely Gorod had 28 towers and 11 gates, the names of some of which are still preserved in the names of squares, namely: Trehsvyatsky, Chertolsky (Prechistensky), Arbatsky, Nikitsky, Tversky, Petrovsky, Sretensky, Myasnitsky, Pokrovsky, Yauzskiy, Vasilievsky. The walls were cogged, like the Kremlin walls, with loopholes that allowed keeping a continuous fire.

During the reign of Catherine the Great and her grandson Alexander I the wall was demolished and replaced by a chain of boulevards, known as the Boulevard Ring.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°45′04″N 37°37′42″E / 55.75111°N 37.62833°E / 55.75111; 37.62833