Belz Great Synagogue
|Belz Great Synagogue|
|Leadership||Rabbi Yissachar Dov Rokeach|
|Direction of façade||East|
The Belz Great Synagogue (Hebrew: בעלזא בית המדרש הגדול, Belz Beit HaMidrash HaGadol) is the largest synagogue in Israel. It was built by the Belz Hasidic community with financial help from its supporters and admirers around the world.
In the 1980s, Rabbi Yissachar Dov Rokeach, the fifth Belzer Rebbe, spearheaded plans for the huge synagogue to be erected in the Kiryat Belz neighborhood of Jerusalem. The building, designed with four entrances accessible to each of the four streets of the hilltop neighborhood, would be an enlarged replica of the structure that the first Belzer Rebbe, the Sar Shalom, built in the town of Belz in 1843. It would include a grandiose main sanctuary, smaller study halls, wedding and bar mitzvah halls, libraries, and other communal facilities.
Funds for the ambitious, multi-million dollar project were raised among Belzer Hasidim and were supplemented by various fund-raising projects throughout the 1980s and 1990s.
Like the original synagogue, which took 15 years to complete, the new Belz synagogue that now dominates the northern Jerusalem skyline also took 15 years to construct. It was dedicated in 2000.
Its main sanctuary seats 6,000 worshippers. The ornate wooden ark, an item for the Guinness Book of Records, is 12 meters high and weighs 18 tons. It has the capacity to hold 70 Torah scrolls. Nine chandeliers, each standing at 18 feet (5.5 m) high and 11 feet (3.4 m) wide, each contain over 200,000 pieces of Czech crystal.
Building layout 
The main sanctuary is used only on Shabbat and Jewish holidays, while weekday services take place in the underlying smaller rooms of the complex. Under the main sanctuary are multiple floors. The floor directly under the main sanctuary hosts a large number of small synagogue rooms known as shtieblach, where services for Shacharit, Mincha and Ma'ariv are held up to every 10 minutes. In an adjacent wing is also a large hall used for tishen. Below the shtieblach are multiple floors with dormitory-style sleeping quarters for Belzer Hasidim from outside of Israel, who come to be with the Rebbe for Jewish holidays such as Rosh HaShana, Yom Kippur and Sukkot. There are also large rooms for other functions, such as Seudah Shlishit on Shabbat afternoons, weddings and bar mitzvah celebrations.
A separate two-story house for the Belzer Rebbe stands adjacent to the synagogue. Here the Rebbe maintains his office and receives guests, as well as resides with his family. The second-floor balcony of the house faces the large, outdoor courtyard of the synagogue, where Hasidim gather for outdoor addresses by the Rebbe and for large celebrations under a giant tent, such as the bar mitzvah banquets for the Rebbe's grandsons in 2008 and 2010.
- Spiegel, Yisroel (28 June 2000). "The Belz Beis Medrash in Yerushalayim: Full Circle". De'iah Ve'Dibur. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
- Eichler, Rabbi Yisrael. The Belz Bar Mitzvah: Forging another link in the chain. Hamodia, March 6, 2008, pp. A17-A18.
- "Video and Photos: Grand Bar Mitzvah of Grandson of Belzer Rebbe Being Held Tonight". matzav.com. 14 March 2010. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
Media related to Belz Synagogue at Wikimedia Commons
- Video tour of the Belz Beit Medrash
- Crystal Clear Industries designed and manufactured the synagogues 9 magnificent chandeliers