Temporal range: Early Paleocene–Middle Paleocene
|Skeleton of Bemalambda pachyoesteus, exhibited in the National Museum of Nature and Science, Tokyo, Japan.|
Chow et al. 1973
|Genera and species|
The bemalambdids are, along with Harpyodus and Alcidedorbignya, the most primitive pantodonts. Hypsilolambda is known only from a skull and teeth, but Bemalambda is known from complete cranial and postcranial specimens and the best preserved mammal from Shanghuan. It was dog-sized (a large animal for its era) and omnivorous.
Both genera have dilambdodont upper premolars (W-shaped crests on the crowns), one of the characteristics of pantodonts, but their upper molars, unlike in later pantodonts, are almost zalambdodont (V-shaped crests) and transversely elongated with the paracone and metacone (cusp) appressed or connated. On p3-M3, there is a large buccal platform on the crowns, the stylar shelf. An exterior indentation on the buccal side, the ectoflexus, is very deep. The lower cheek teeth are easily recognizable as pantodont.
The bemalambdids had a low and short skull with a very small braincase; a prominent sagittal crest and deep temporal fossae, a broad snout; and flaring zygomatic processes. The high coronoid process on the mandible suggest the chewing musculatures was more developed than in later pantodonts. The postcranium was robust, and, judging from a single massive humerus, adapted for digging.
- the Early Paleocene (Guangdong, China (type) ( , paleocoordinates ) ) of
- the Early Paleocene (65.5 - 58.7 Ma) of Shaanxi, China
- the Middle Paleocene (61.7 - 58.7 Ma) of Jiangxi, China
- Bemalambdidae in the Paleobiology Database. Retrieved July 2013.
- Spencer 2001, p. 207
- Rose 2006, p. 114
- Linnania type, Nanxiong (Paleocene to of China) in the Paleobiology Database. Retrieved July 2013.
- Shimen Commune (lower bed) (Paleocene to of China) in the Paleobiology Database. Retrieved July 2013.
- 300 m SW of Fengshuxia (Paleocene of China) in the Paleobiology Database. Retrieved July 2013.
- Chow, M. M.; Chang, Y.-P.; Wang, B.-Y.; Ting, S.-Y. (1973). "New mammalian genera and species from the Paleocene of Nanhsiung, N. Kwangtung". Vertebrata PalAsiatica (in Chinese, abstract in English) 11 (1): 31–35. Retrieved July 2013.
- Li, Qian (2005). "New Material of Bamalamdba from Chijiang Basin in Jiangxi, China". Vertebrata Palasiatica (in Chinese and English) 43 (4): 325–329. Retrieved July 2013.
- Lucas, Spencer G. (2001). Chinese Fossil Vertebrates. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231504614. Retrieved July 2013.
- Rose, Kenneth David (2006). The beginning of the age of mammals. Baltimore: JHU Press. ISBN 0801884721.
- Wang, Banyue (1975). "Paleocene mammals of Chaling Basin, Hunan". Vertebrata Palasiatica (in Chinese, with images) 13 (3): 154–62. Retrieved July 2013.