Photograph by Carl van Vechten, 1955
|Born||Biagio Anthony Gazzarra
August 28, 1930
New York City, New York, United States
|Died||February 3, 2012
New York City, New York, United States
|Cause of death||Pancreatic cancer|
|Education||City College of New York|
|Alma mater||The New School,
(m.1982-2012; his death)
Biagio Anthony Gazzarra (August 28, 1930 – February 3, 2012), known as Ben Gazzara, was an American film, stage, and Emmy Award winning television actor and director.
Early life 
Gazzara was born in New York City, the son of Italian immigrants Angelina (née Cusumano) and Antonio Gazzarra, a laborer and carpenter. Both Gazzara's parents were of Sicilian origin, Angelina from Castrofilippo and Antonio from Canicattì, both in the province of Agrigento. Gazzara grew up in New York's Kips Bay neighborhood; he lived on East 29th Street and participated in the drama program at Madison Square Boys and Girls Club located across the street. He attended New York City's Stuyvesant High School; but finally graduated from Saint Simon Stock in the Bronx. Years later, he said that the discovery of his love for acting saved him from a life of crime during his teen years. He went to City College of New York to study electrical engineering. After two years, he relented. He took classes in acting at the Dramatic Workshop of The New School in New York with the influential German director Erwin Piscator and afterward joined the Actors Studio.
In 1954, Gazzara (having tweaked his original surname from "Gazzarra") made several appearances on NBC's legal drama Justice, based on case studies from the Legal Aid Society of New York. Gazzara starred in various Broadway productions around this time, including creating the role of Brick in Tennessee Williams' Cat On A Hot Tin Roof (1955) opposite Barbara BelGeddes, directed by Elia Kazan, although he lost out to Paul Newman when the film version was cast. He joined other Actors Studio members in the 1957 film The Strange One. Then came a high-profile performance as a soldier on trial for avenging his wife's rape in Otto Preminger's courtroom drama Anatomy of a Murder (1959).
Gazzara became well known in several television series, beginning with Arrest and Trial, which ran from 1963 to 1964 on ABC, and the more-successful series Run for Your Life from 1965-68 on NBC, in which he played a terminally ill man trying to get the most out of the last two years of his life. For his work in the series, Gazzara received two Emmy nominations for "Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series" and three Golden Globe nominations for "Best Performance by an Actor in a Television Series - Drama." Contemporary screen credits included The Young Doctors (1961), A Rage to Live (1965) and The Bridge at Remagen (1969).
Gazzara told Charlie Rose in 1998 that he went from being mainly a stage actor who often would turn up his nose at film roles in the mid-1950s to, much later, a ubiquitous character actor who turned very little down. "When I became hot, so to speak, in the theater, I got a lot of offers," he said. "I won't tell you the pictures I turned down because you'll say, 'You are a fool,' and I was a fool."
Some of the actor's most formidable characters were those he created with his friend John Cassavetes in the 1970s. They collaborated for the first time on Cassavetes's film Husbands (1970), in which he appeared alongside Peter Falk and Cassavetes himself. In The Killing of a Chinese Bookie (1976), Gazzara took the leading role of the hapless strip-joint owner, Cosmo Vitelli. A year later, he starred in yet another Cassavetes-directed movie, Opening Night, as stage director Manny Victor, who struggles with the mentally unstable star of his show, played by Cassavetes's wife Gena Rowlands. Also during this period he appeared in the television miniseries QB VII (1974), and the films Capone (1975), Voyage of the Damned (1976), High Velocity (1976), and Saint Jack (1979).
In the 1980s, Gazzara appeared in several movies such as Inchon co-starring Laurence Olivier and Richard Roundtree, They All Laughed (directed by Peter Bogdanovich), and in a villainous role in the oft-televised Patrick Swayze film Road House, which the actor jokingly said is probably his most-watched performance. He starred with Rowlands in the critically acclaimed AIDS-themed TV movie An Early Frost (1985), for which he received his third Emmy nomination.
Gazzara appeared in 38 films, many for television, in the 1990s. He worked with a number of renowned directors, such as the Coen brothers (The Big Lebowski), Spike Lee (Summer of Sam), David Mamet (The Spanish Prisoner), Walter Hugo Khouri (Forever), Todd Solondz (Happiness), John Turturro (Illuminata), and John McTiernan (The Thomas Crown Affair).
In his seventies, Gazzara continued to be active. In 2003, he was in the ensemble cast of the experimental film Dogville, directed by Lars von Trier of Denmark and starring Nicole Kidman, as well as the television film Hysterical Blindness (he received his first Emmy Award for his role). Several other projects have recently been completed or are currently in production. In 2005, he played Agostino Casaroli in the television miniseries, Pope John Paul II. He completed filming his scenes in the film The Wait in early 2012, shortly before his death.
In addition to acting, Gazzara worked as an occasional television director; his credits include the Columbo episodes "A Friend in Deed" (1974) and "Troubled Waters" (1975). Gazzara was nominated three times for the Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play—in 1956 for A Hatful of Rain, in 1975 for the paired short plays Hughie and Duet, and in 1977 for a revival of Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, opposite Colleen Dewhurst.
Personal life 
Gazzara married three times; to Louise Erickson (1951–57), Janice Rule (1961–1979), and German model Elke Krivat from 1982. He also disclosed a love affair with actress Audrey Hepburn. They co-starred in two of her final films, Bloodline (1979) and They All Laughed (1981).
During filming of the war movie The Bridge at Remagen (1969) co-starring Gazzara and his friend Robert Vaughn, the Warsaw Pact invaded Czechoslovakia. Filming was halted temporarily, and the cast and crew were detained before filming was completed in West Germany. During their departure from Czechoslovakia, Gazzara and Vaughn assisted with the escape of a Czech waitress whom they had befriended. They smuggled her to Austria in a car waved through a border crossing that had not yet been taken over by the Soviet army in its crackdown on the Prague Spring.
Gazzara was the honorary starter of the 1979 Daytona 500, the first flag-to-flag Daytona 500 broadcast live on CBS. He was also featured in a 1994 article in Cigar Aficionado, in which he admitted smoking four packs of cigarettes a day until taking up cigar smoking in the mid-1960s.
Selected filmography 
- The Strange One (1957)
- Anatomy of a Murder (1959)
- Risate di gioia (1960)
- The Young Doctors (1961)
- Convicts 4 (1962)
- Conquered City (1962)
- Carol for Another Christmas (1964)
- A Rage to Live (1965)
- The Bridge at Remagen (1969)
- If It's Tuesday, This Must Be Belgium (1969)
- Husbands (1970)
- Pursuit (1972)
- The Neptune Factor (1973)
- QB VII (1974)
- Capone (1975)
- The Killing of a Chinese Bookie (1976)
- Voyage of the Damned (1976)
- The Death of Richie (1977)
- Opening Night (1977)
- Saint Jack (1979)
- Bloodline (1979)
- Inchon (1981)
- They All Laughed (1981)
- Tales of Ordinary Madness (1982)
- The Girl from Trieste (1982)
- A Proper Scandal (1984)
- La donna delle meraviglie (1985)
- An Early Frost (1985)
- Figlio mio infinitamente caro (1985)
- The Professor (1986)
- Il Giorno prima (1987)
- Road House (1989)
- Forever (Per sempre) (1991)
- Lies Before Kisses (1991)
- Parallel Lives (1994)
- Shadow Conspiracy (1997)
- Stag (1997)
- The Spanish Prisoner (1997)
- Buffalo '66 (1998)
- The Big Lebowski (1998)
- Happiness (1998)
- Illuminata (1998)
- The Thomas Crown Affair (1999)
- Summer of Sam (1999)
- Believe (2000)
- Very Mean Men (2000)
- Brian's Song (2001)
- Hysterical Blindness (2002)
- Dogville (2003)
- Pope John Paul II (2005)
- Quiet Flows the Don (2006)
- Paris, je t'aime (2006)
- Looking For Palladin (2008)
- 13 (2010)
- Ristabbanna (2011)
- The Wait (2012)
- Max Rose (2012)
- "Ben Gazzara Biography". filmreference. 2008. Archived from the original on 29 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-04.
- Sutton 2008; Harris (2009).
- Rothstein, Mervyn. "Running Cool - Ben Gazzara's Long Stage and Screen Career has Included a Love Affair with a Good Smoke". Cigar Aficionado. Retrieved 2007-11-01.
- "Broadway: the Golden Age...", 2006
- New York Times obituary for Ben Gazzara
- "Ben Gazzara TV Guide profile". Tvguide.com. 1930-08-28. Retrieved 2012-02-04.
- "The Wait". www.babelefilm.com. Retrieved 2012-02-04.
- Gazzara, Ben In the Moment: My Life as an Actor, NY: Carroll & Graf Publishers, pp.187–93
- "Czechoslovakia Admits US Film Crew". Saskatoon Star-Phoenix. Google Books. June 18, 1968. Retrieved 2012-02-04.
- "Film Stars Trapped in Czechoslovakia", The Hartford Courant, August 22, 1968
- Newspaper article, Invasion Halted Film in Czechoslovakia, by Bob Thomas, Associated Press, printed in The Nevada Daily Mail, October 31, 1968.
- In the Moment: My Life as an Actor by Ben Gazzara, 2004, pp. 141-42
- Genzlinger, Neil (2012-02-03). "Ben Gazzara, a Risk-Taking Actor of Stage and Screen, Dies at 81". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-02-03.
Further reading 
- "Broadway: The Golden Age - by the Legends Who Were there," a film by Rick McKay Films, etc. Broadcast on KCET, Ch.28 PBS in Los Angeles, December 16, 2006. Gazzara speaks openly about getting off of 29th St.
- Harris, Irving (2009), Madison Square Memoir: The Magic and History of Madison Square Boys and Girls Club (visit www.madisonsquare.org); Gazzara wrote the introduction.
- Sutton, Imre, 2008. Back to E.29th Street: Where Fact and Fiction Revisit Kips Bay, N. Y. (Fullerton, CA: Americo Publications) See http://ecommons.library.cornell.edu/handle/1813/11665.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Ben Gazzara|
- Ben Gazzara at the Internet Movie Database
- Ben Gazzara at the Internet Broadway Database
- Ben Gazzara at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Ben Gazzara at the TCM Movie Database
- Ben Gazzara at AllRovi