The Ben Rhydding Hydro circa 1858 – since demolished
Ben Rhydding shown within West Yorkshire
|OS grid reference|
|Metropolitan county||West Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
The former name for the village area was Wheatley. In the 19th century it was noted for a popular and thoroughly equipped hydropathic establishment, opened in about 1844 at a cost of £30,000. It was the third major hydropathic establishment in England, "perhaps the most deeply respected and certainly the longest-lived". Ben Rhydding, the name given to the establishment was also given to the railway station built to serve it and by which the village subsequently became known, is allegedly the ancient name of the uplands above Wheatley. In a 1900 history of Upper Wharfedale, a footnote describes the circumstances, citing Collyer's History of Ilkley:
Dr. Collyer writes that when Ben Rhydding was building, and the founders were casting about for a name, the matter came up in the "pint-pot parliament", which had sat at the Wheat Sheaf in Ilkley time out of mind. Mr. Hamer Stansfeld (the founder) wanted "a good an ancient name", and was particularly wishful to know what the upland was called in the old times on which Ben Rhydding is built. Nancy Wharton, our hostess, said she knew, and gave us the name Ben (not Bean) Rydding. It had passed out the common memory, but had survived by some good hap in Nancy's mind, and it was from this little seed the name sprang again which has become famous.
Ben Rhydding is nowadays a predominantly residential area of Ilkley, served by a railway station, pub, two petrol stations, two churches and a few basic shops but relying in the main on the town for shopping and civic facilities. It is well within the travel to work area of Bradford and Leeds.
- Price, Robin (July 1981), "Hydropathy in England 1840-70", Medical History 25 (3): 269–280, doi:10.1017/s002572730003458x, PMC 1139039, PMID 7022064
- Bradley, James; Dupree, Mageurite; Durie, Alastair (1997). "Taking the Water Cure: The Hydropathic Movement in Scotland, 1840-1940" (PDF). Business and Economic History 26 (2): 429. Retrieved 2009-11-17.
- Shifrin, Malcolm (3 October 2008). "Ilkley: Ben Rhydding Hydro". Victorian Turkish Baths: Their origin, development, and gradual decline. Retrieved 12 December 2009.
- Price, R. (1981), pp.273-74
- Upper Wharfedale, by Harry Speight, 1900, from Microsoft Live Search Books
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ben Rhydding.|
- Conservation Area Assessment for Ben Rhydding, dated 2003, from the City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council
- Memorials from Ben Rhydding, by John Pringle Nichol, published by Charles Gilpin, 1852
- Ben Rhydding: the principles of hydropathy and the compressed air bath, by 'A graduate of the Edinburgh university', published by Hamilton Adams & Co, 1858
- Ben Rhydding described in Black's Picturesque Tourist of Scotland, 1861, from Google Book Search
- Ben Rhydding: the Asclepia of England, by Rev. R. Woodrow Thomson, published by John Shuttleworth, 1862
- Ben Rhydding at DMOZ.