Ben Shemen (Hebrew: בֶּן שֶׁמֶן, trans. Fruitful) is a moshav in central Israel. Located around four kilometres east of Lod, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hevel Modi'in Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 627.
Let me sing of my well-beloved, a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My well-beloved had a vineyard in a very fruitful hill.
and also reflects the J.N.F.'s intention to plant olive trees in this area. 
In 1923 it was split in two, with a group of trial farms eventually becoming a separate moshav, Kerem Ben Shemen. The moshav was refounded in 1952 by immigrants from Romania. Some houses in the moshav were built by Bezalel Academy of Art and Design founder Boris Schatz.
During World War II, Ben Shemen was the site of a brutal British search for weapons. Similar searches were a common British response to often violent Yishuv opposition to the 1939 Whitepaper.
Notable residents, past and present
- Benjamin Elazari Volcani, a microbiologist who discovered life in the Dead Sea and pioneered biological silicon research.
- Jewish National Fund (1949). Jewish Villages in Israel. Jerusalem: Hamadpis Liphshitz Press. p. 16.
- Isaiah Chapter 5 Mechon Mamre
- Anita, Shapira (1992). Land and Power, The Zionist Resort to Force. Chapter 7: Oxford University Press. p. 288.
- Chaya H. Roth (16 September 2008). The fate of Holocaust memories: transmission and family dialogues. Macmillan. pp. 83–. ISBN 978-0-230-60607-4. Retrieved 10 April 2011.