Bến Tre Province

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Bến Tre Province
Tỉnh Bến Tre
Province
Bến Tre countryside around Cái Mon
Bến Tre countryside around Cái Mon
Nickname(s): Bamboo Landing
Location of Bến Tre within Vietnam
Location of Bến Tre within Vietnam
Coordinates: 10°10′N 106°30′E / 10.167°N 106.500°E / 10.167; 106.500Coordinates: 10°10′N 106°30′E / 10.167°N 106.500°E / 10.167; 106.500
Country  Vietnam
Region Mekong Delta
Capital Bến Tre
Government
 • People's Council Chair Nguyễn Hữu Phước
 • People's Committee Chair Nguyen Thi Thanh Ha
Area
 • Total 2,321.6 km2 (896.4 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 • Total 1,345,600
 • Density 580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Ethnicities Vietnamese, Khmer, Hòa, Tày
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Calling code 75
ISO 3166 code VN-50
Website Official website

Bến Tre (About this sound listen) is a province of Vietnam. It is one of the country's southern provinces, being situated in the Mekong Delta.

Administration[edit]

Politically, Ben Tre Province is divided into eight districts:

The provincial capital, also known as Bến Tre, is a separate municipality. The districts in turn are divided into communes.

Geography[edit]

MapVietnamBenTre.png

Geographically, Bến Tre is wedged between the two main branches of the Tiền Giang River, which is itself one of the two main branches of the Mekong. The province's northern boundary is formed by the Tiền Giang's main course, while the province's southern boundary is formed by the Tiền Giang's largest branch (which breaks away from the Tiền Giang just upriver from Bến Tre province). Between the Tiền Giang and its main branch are two smaller branches, passing through the middle of Bến Tre.

The entire province is criss-crossed with a network of smaller rivers and canals. The extensive irrigation that this provides makes Bến Tre a major producer of rice, but also means that the area is prone to flooding. The Climate Change Research Institute at Cần Thơ University, in studying the possible consequences of climate change, has predicted that 51% of Bến Tre province can be expected to be flooded if sea levels rise by 1 meter.[1] Bến Tre Province is, on average, only 1.25 metres above sea level.

Transportation[edit]

Construction on the Rạch Miễu Bridge, which links Bến Tre to its northern neighbour, Tiền Giang Province, was started in 2002. The bridge was finished and opened for traffic on 19 January 2009. Before that time, Bến Tre was only accessible to automobiles via ferry.

Start of the Vietnam War[edit]

In what has been called "the start of the Vietnam War", the Viet Cong attacked and took temporary control of several districts in Kien Hoa Province province (now Ben Tre province in the Mekong Delta.[2] The Viet Cong set up "people's committees," and confiscated land from landlords and redistributed it to poor farmers. One of the leaders of the uprising was Madame Nguyen Thi Dinh who led the all-female "Long Hair Army." Dinh was the secretary of the Ben Tre Communist Party and later a Viet Cong Major General.[3]

Although the South Vietnamese army (ARVN) recaptured the villages, uprisings spread to many other areas of South Vietnam. The uprisings were spontaneous rather than planned, as the official policy of the Communist government in Hanoi was that the Viet Cong's stance should be restrained and defensive, not offensive.;[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mekong Delta: more flood and drought". VietnamNet Bridge. 19 March 2009.
  2. ^ Pringle, James, "Meanwhile: The quiet town where the Vietnam War began", The New York Times, 223 March 2004
  3. ^ "Ben Tre Province", http://www.bentre.gov.un/node/273, accessed 2 Dec 1963
  4. ^ Asselin, Pierre Hanoi's Road to the Vietnam War, 1954-1965 Berkeley: University of California Press, 2013, p. 73

External links[edit]