Bến Tre Province

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Bến Tre Province
Tỉnh Bến Tre
Province
Bến Tre countryside around Cái Mon
Bến Tre countryside around Cái Mon
Nickname(s): Bamboo Landing
Location of Bến Tre within Vietnam
Location of Bến Tre within Vietnam
Coordinates: 10°10′N 106°30′E / 10.167°N 106.500°E / 10.167; 106.500Coordinates: 10°10′N 106°30′E / 10.167°N 106.500°E / 10.167; 106.500
Country  Vietnam
Region Mekong Delta
Capital Bến Tre
Government
 • People's Council Chair Nguyễn Hữu Phước
 • People's Committee Chair Nguyen Thi Thanh Ha
Area
 • Total 2,321.6 km2 (896.4 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 • Total 1,345,600
 • Density 580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Ethnicities Vietnamese, Khmer, Hòa, Tày
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Calling code 75
ISO 3166 code VN-50
Website Official website

Bến Tre (About this sound listen) is a province of Vietnam. It is one of the country's southern provinces, being situated in the Mekong Delta. Originally a Khmer province, its Khmer name is Kampong Russey (កំពង់ឫស្សី).

Administration[edit]

Politically, Ben Tre Province is divided into eight districts:

The provincial capital, also known as Bến Tre, is a separate municipality. The districts in turn are divided into communes.

Geography[edit]

MapVietnamBenTre.png

Geographically, Bến Tre is wedged between the two main branches of the Tiền Giang River, which is itself one of the two main branches of the Mekong. The province's northern boundary is formed by the Tiền Giang's main course, while the province's southern boundary is formed by the Tiền Giang's largest branch (which breaks away from the Tiền Giang just upriver from Bến Tre province). Between the Tiền Giang and its main branch are two smaller branches, passing through the middle of Bến Tre.

The entire province is criss-crossed with a network of smaller rivers and canals. The extensive irrigation that this provides makes Bến Tre a major producer of rice, but also means that the area is prone to flooding. The Climate Change Research Institute at Cần Thơ University, in studying the possible consequences of climate change, has predicted that 51% of Bến Tre province can be expected to be flooded if sea levels rise by 1 meter.[1] Bến Tre Province is, on average, only 1.25 metres above sea level.

Transportation[edit]

Construction on the Rạch Miễu Bridge, which links Bến Tre to its northern neighbour, Tiền Giang Province, was started in 2002. The bridge was finished and opened for traffic on 19 January 2009. Before that time, Bến Tre was only accessible to automobiles via ferry.

Start of the Vietnam War[edit]

The first large-scale military action by Viet Cong forces occurred in Bến Tre on 26 September 1959. A force led by Nguyễn Thị Định, a Bến Tre native who would become one of the most prominent female Vietnamese revolutionary leaders, ambushed the 23d Division of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam, killing 12 and wounding 14.[2] This battle is commonly considered the start of the Vietnam War.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mekong Delta: more flood and drought". VietnamNet Bridge. 19 March 2009.
  2. ^ "The Pentagon Papers, Volume 1, Chapter 5, Section 3, "Origins of the Insurgency in South Vietnam, 1954-1960"". Mtholyoke.edu. Retrieved 2010-06-17. 
  3. ^ Pringle, James (2004-03-23). "The quiet town where the Vietnam War began". NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2010-06-17. 
  4. ^ "American Experience | Vietnam Online | Transcript". PBS. Retrieved 2010-06-17. 

External links[edit]