Benavente, Zamora

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Benavente
Plaza del Ayuntamiento in Benavente.
Plaza del Ayuntamiento in Benavente.
Coat of arms of Benavente
Coat of arms
Benavente is located in Spain
Benavente
Benavente
Location in Spain.
Coordinates: 42°0′11″N 5°40′27″W / 42.00306°N 5.67417°W / 42.00306; -5.67417
Country Spain
Autonomous community Castile and León
Province Zamora
Comarca Benavente y Los Valles
Government
 • Mayor Saturnino Mañanes García
Area
 • Total 45.12 km2 (17.42 sq mi)
Elevation 800 m (2,600 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 19,119
 • Density 420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Demonym Benaventanos
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website Official website

Benavente is a municipality in the north of the province of Zamora, in the autonomous community Castile and León of Spain. It has about 20,000 inhabitants.

Located north of the capital on an important communications hub, it was repopulated by King Ferdinand II of León, who also awarded it law-codes (a fuero) in 1167. It was originally known as Malgrat.

Location[edit]

Benavente is located in the North of Province of Zamora, in the North-West of Spain. It is 65km away from Zamora City and 260km from Madrid and its coordinates are 42° 0' N 5° 41' W.

North-West: Manganeses de la Polvorosa North: Villabrázaro North-East: San Cristóbal de Entreviñas
West: Santa Cristina de la Polvorosa Compass rose simple.svg East: San Cristóbal de Entreviñas
South-West:Santa Cristina de la Polvorosa South: Villanueva de Azoague, Santa Colomba de las Monjas and Arcos de la Polvorosa South-East: Castrogonzalo

The adjacent municipalities of Benavente are Villanueva de Azoague, Manganeses de la Polvorosa, Santa Cristina de la Polvorosa, Villabrázaro, San Cristóbal de Entreviñas, Castrogonzalo, Santa Colomba de las Monjas and Arcos de la Polvorosa, all of them belonging to Province of Zamora.

Main sights[edit]

  • Parador de Turismo Fernando II, which occupies the Caracol Tower, a 16th-century castle with wide segmental miradors and a Mudéjar coffered ceiling in the main section
  • church of Santa María de Azogue, in Romanesque style, begun in 1180. It has a Latin cross plan, with a nave and two aisles, separated by cruciform pilasters, with five apses. The nave has Gothic cross vaults added in the 16th century. The interior is home of several Gothic sculptures, such as that of the "Annunciation" (13th century)
  • San Juan del Mercado, in Romanesque style (12th-13th centuries). It has three decorated portals with the Adoration of the Magi, the Virgin and Child and scenes of the birth of Jesus.
  • hospital of La Piedad, an old pilgrim hostel.
  • Hermitage of Soledad (early 16th century)
  • Caracol Tower

Climate[edit]

It is characterized as a Mediterranean climate with continental characteristics as with the altitude of the municipality and its distance to the sea. However, the amount of the winter frosts is lifted, taking place even in spring, with the consequential damage to some of the local agriculture.

Dukes of Benavente[edit]

Juan Francisco Pimentel y Ponce de León, 7th Duke of Benavente, deceased 1652, by Diego Velázquez, 1648.
Titular Period
Primera creación por Enrique II
I Fadrique de Castilla y Ponce de León 1370–1394
Segunda creación por Enrique IV
I Rodrigo Alonso Pimentel 1473-
II Alonso Pimentel y Pacheco
III Antonio Alonso Pimentel y Herrera de Velasco
IV Luis Alonso Pimentel Herrera y Enríquez de Velasco
V Juan Alonso Pimentel Herrera y Enríquez de Velasco
VI Antonio Alonso Pimentel y Quiñones
VII Juan Francisco Pimentel y Ponce de León
VIII Antonio Alonso Pimentel y Herrera Zúñiga
IX Francisco Casimiro Pimentel de Quiñones y Benavides
X Antonio Francisco Pimentel de Zúñiga y Vigil de Quiñones
XI Francisco Alonso Pimentel Vigil de Quiñones Borja Aragón y Centelles
XII María Josefa Pimentel, Duchess of Osuna
XIII Francisco de Borja Téllez-Girón y Alfonso Pimentel
XIV Pedro de Alcántara Téllez-Girón y Beaufort Spontin
XV Mariano Téllez-Girón y Beaufort Spontin
XVI Pedro de Alcántara Téllez-Girón y Fernández de Santillán
XVII Ángela María Téllez-Girón y Duque de Estrada actual tituar

Notable people[edit]

  • José Carlos Guerra, painter.[1][2]
  • Maria Josefa Alfonso Pîmentel Tellez Girón Borja y Centelles, fourteenth Countess and twelfth Duchess of Benavente, a patron of Goya and Boccherini
  • Fray Toribio de Benavente o Motolinía (1477–1569), a missionary to Mexico
  • Alonso Briceño, one of the thirteen conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro
  • Pita Pizarro (1792–1845), a minister of Isabella II of Spain
  • Francisco de Castro Pascual (1871–1949), microbiologist
  • José Nuñez Pernía (1805–1879), a Marquis of Nuñez and the first president of the Sociedad Hahnemanniana Matritense
  • Pedro Nuñez Granés (1869–1944), engineer
  • Celestino Alonso Rodríguez Valdespino (1828–1875), chess player
  • Federico Silva Muñoz (1923–1997), politician
  • Laura Iglesias Romero, a scientist who does research for the CSIC
  • Francisco Jose Yndurain Muñoz (1940–2008), scientist
  • Almudena Fernández (born 1977), model

Language[edit]

Regional speech is influenced by Leonese language.

Events[edit]

The Tower of the Caracol.
An enraged bull (2005).

See also[edit]

References[edit]