Bendinat

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Bendinat is a seaside village in the municipality of Calvià on the west coast of the island of Majorca, part of the Spanish autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. It is located at the foot of the Serra de Na Burguesa. Much of Bendinat is a residential area, and it is situated next to the town of Portals Nous.[1] Its major thoroughfare is the county road C-719.[2] The population is approximately 521.[3]

There are two main theories surrounding Bendinat's naming origin. An ethnological one is that after the 12 September 1229 battle for the conquest of Majorca, King James of Aragon, who was famished, came upon a tent with one of his lieutenants where a meal was being prepared. The host for that meal was Oliver de Termes, a Frenchman of Roussillon. After eating to their satisfaction, the king declared Ben dinat (Catalan: "well dined").[4] The other naming theory is geographical in context as in the 13th century, an old Islamic farmhouse in the area was named Bendinex.[5]

History[edit]

Historically, the area is notable as the place where King James camped in 1229 after a bloody battle against the Moors.

From the early sixteenth century, Francesc Burgués, the Solicitor-General of the Spanish Crown owned the Bendinat farm which is now the Bendinat residential zone. In 1590 event, Burgués married Elizabeth who had been the spouse of Bernat de Boixadors of Barcelona.[6] In the seventeenth century, the estates passed from Burgués to Jerònim de Sales i de Verí who in 1666, won the lawsuit of Boixadors-Pacs along with the Burgués inheritance. The farmland held important agricultural production value, but only peasant houses and outbuildings stood on the property. The estate passed to Caro, Marquis de la Romana, when Pere Caro i Sales inherited it through his mother Dionísia de Sales i Boixadors. The property's status was reviewed in 1850 by the Spanish writer and Majorcan chronicler, Joaquín María Bover i Roselló.[7]

The architect and town planner François Spoerry (1912 -1999) developed the community of Bendinat.[8]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Bendinat Castle was the idea of Pedro Caro, 3rd Marquis of la Romana. The work began after 1855, and was finished in 1867.[9] It was built in 19th century Central European Gothic architecture style.[10] The 2,800-acre (11 km2) estate was sold by the Marquis of la Romana in 1876[11] to Joana-Adelaida Dameto. It was later owned by the Count of Montenegro.[12][13] While tourists can see the castle from a distance, it is privately owned and unavailable for tours.[14]

Royal Bendinat Golf Club ("Real Golf de Bendinat") opened in 1986 and was expanded a decade later. The honorary president of the exclusive golf club is King Juan Carlos of Spain.[15][1]

Cala Bendinat is a 50 m (160 ft) long and 20 m (66 ft) beach which is surrounded by a pine grove and is reachable from the residential area by the street Calvo Sotelo.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Welcome To Bendinat". discover-majorca.com. Retrieved 6 July 2010. 
  2. ^ Lee, Phil (2004). The rough guide to Mallorca & Menorca (3 ed.). Rough Guides. p. 98. ISBN 1-84353-252-2. 
  3. ^ "Calvià, nomenclator, relación de unidades poblacionales" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadística. 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2010. 
  4. ^ Markham, Sir Clements Robert (1908). The story of Majorca and Minorca (Digitized 13 Apr 2007 ed.). Smith, Elder & Co. p. 20. 
  5. ^ Ensenyat y Pujol, Juan Bautista (1919). Historia de la Baronía de los señores Obispos de Barcelona en Mallorca: Comprende los pueblos de Andraig y S'Arracó, Calviá, Capdella, Puigpunyent, Estallenchs, Marratxí, el llano de San Jorge y la parroquiá de Santa Cruz de Palma 1 (Digitized 3 Apr 2009 ed.). Escuela-Tipográfica Provincial. p. 229. 
  6. ^ Ensenyat, P. J. B. (1919). Historia de la Baronía de los señores obispos de Barcelona en Mallorca, p. 229. Palma: Escuela-Tipográfica Provincal. (in Catalan)
  7. ^ Bover, J. M. (1983). Nobiliario mallorquín: : dedicado a la Reina nuestra señora', p. 81. Barcelona: José J. de Olañeta.
  8. ^ Frenay, Robert (2006). Pulse: the coming age of systems and machines inspired by living things. Macmillan. pp. 245–246. ISBN 0-374-11327-0. 
  9. ^ Murray-Llabrés-Pasqual, p.108
  10. ^ "Portals nous and Bendinat". mca-hotels.com. Retrieved 6 July 2010. 
  11. ^ Pitte, Jean-Robert; Planhol, Xavier de (1995). Géographie historique et culturelle de l'Europe: hommage au professeur Xavier de Planhol (in French). Presses Paris Sorbonne. p. 82. ISBN 2-84050-042-6. 
  12. ^ Vuillier, Gaston (1896). The forgotten isles: impressions of travel in the Balearic isles, Corsica and Sardinia. Volume 1673 of Harvard Western European local history preservation microfilm project. Translator, Frederic Breton. D. Appleton & Co. p. 21. 
  13. ^ Spain and Portugal: handbook for travellers. Baedeker's Reisehandbücher (Digitized 24 Sep 2007 ed.). X. Baedeker. 1901. p. 288. 
  14. ^ "Bendinat, Mallorca". abc-mallorca.com. Retrieved 7 July 2010. 
  15. ^ "The Bendinat Golf area .". bendinatgolf.com. Retrieved 7 July 2010. 

Coordinates: 39°32′0″N 2°32′10.08″E / 39.53333°N 2.5361333°E / 39.53333; 2.5361333