Benedetto Aloisi Masella

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His Eminence
Benedetto Aloisi Masella
Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina
Benedetto Aloisi Masella 1955 Brazil stamp.jpg
Installed 21 June 1948
Term ended 30 September 1970
Predecessor Carlo Salotti
Successor Carlo Confalonieri
Other posts
Orders
Ordination 1 June 1902
by Gaetano Aloisi Masella
Consecration 21 December 1919
by Pietro Gasparri
Created Cardinal 18 February 1946
by Pope Pius XII
Rank
  • Cardinal-Priest (1946-1948
  • Cardinal-Bishop (1948-1970)
Personal details
Birth name Benedetto Aloisi Masella
Born (1879-06-29)June 29, 1879
Pontecorvo, Kingdom of Italy
Died September 30, 1970(1970-09-30) (aged 91)
Rome, Italy
Buried Pontecorvo
Nationality Italian
Denomination Catholicism
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Coat of arms

Benedetto Aloisi Masella (29 June 1879 – 30 September 1970) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Prefect of the Discipline of the Sacraments from 1954 to 1968, and as Chamberlain of the Roman Church (or Camerlengo) from 1958 until his death. Aloisi Masella was elevated to the cardinalate in 1946 by Pope Pius XII.

Styles of
Benedetto Aloisi Masella
Coat of arms of Benedetto Aloisi Masella.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal

Biography[edit]

Coat of Arms of Cardinal Aloisi Masella during the 1958 and 1963 Vacancy

Born in Pontecorvo, Benedetto Aloisi Masella attended the seminary in Ferentino before going to Rome, where he studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Pontifical Roman Athenaeum S. Apollinare, and the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy. He was ordained to the priesthood on 1 June 1902 and then served as private secretary to his uncle, Cardinal Gaetano Aloisi Masella, the pro-datary of the Pope.

Entering the Roman Curia, in the Secretariat of State, in 1906, Aloisi Masella then began work for the Nunciature to Portugal (Secretary, 1908–1910; chargé d'affaires, 1910–1919). He was raised to the rank of Privy Chamberlain of His Holiness on 25 December 1914, Domestic Prelate of His Holiness on 29 September 1917, and Nuncio to Chile on 20 November 1919.

On 15 December 1919, he was appointed Titular Archbishop of Caesarea in Palaestina by Pope Benedict XV. Aloisi Masella received his episcopal consecration on the following 21 December from Cardinal Pietro Gasparri, with Archbishop Sebastião Leite de Vasconcellos and Bishop Antonio Maria Iannotta serving as co-consecrators. He was later named Apostolic Nuncio to Brazil on 26 April 1927.

Aloisi Masella was created Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Vallicella by Pope Pius XII in the consistory of 18 February 1946. He was promoted to Cardinal Bishop of Palestrina on 21 June 1948. On 27 October 1954, Pius XII appointed him Archpriest of the Basilica of St. John Lateran and Prefect of Sacred Congregation for the Discipline of the Sacraments. He was chosen Chamberlain of the Roman Church (or Camerlengo) on 9 October 1958 by the Curial cardinals, as the late Pius XII had yet to appoint anyone to that post, for the conclave of that same year.[1]

From 1962 to 1965, he attended the Second Vatican Council, and during its course, voted in the 1963 conclave that selected Pope Paul VI. Aloisi Masella resigned as Prefect of the Discipline of the Sacraments on 11 January 1968.

He died from kidney disease in Rome at age 91, as the oldest member of the College of Cardinals.[2] He was buried in the cathedral of his native Pontecorvo.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Time Magazine. The Succession October 20, 1958
  2. ^ Time Magazine. Recent Events October 12, 1970

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Domenico Jorio
Prefect of the Congregation for the Discipline of the Sacraments
1954—1968
Succeeded by
Francis James Brennan
Preceded by
Lorenzo Lauri
Camerlengo
1958—1970
Succeeded by
Jean-Marie Villot
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Giuseppe Pizzardo
Oldest Living Cardinal
1 August 1970– 15 September 1970
Succeeded by
Paolo Giobbe