Benedict, Maryland

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Benedict, Maryland
Census-designated place
Benedict is located in Maryland
Benedict
Benedict
Location within the state of Maryland
Coordinates: 38°30′33″N 76°40′47″W / 38.50917°N 76.67972°W / 38.50917; -76.67972Coordinates: 38°30′33″N 76°40′47″W / 38.50917°N 76.67972°W / 38.50917; -76.67972
Country United States
State Maryland
County Charles
Area
 • Total 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
 • Land 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 20612
GNIS feature ID 583152

Benedict is a small unincorporated town and census-designated place in Charles County, Maryland, United States located on the Patuxent River in southern Maryland.[1] As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 261.[2]

History[edit]

Originally a fishing village along the Patuxent River in the southern Province of Maryland in the late 17th Century, it was named Benedict-Leonardtown for Benedict Leonard Calvert, (1700-1732), 15th Proprietary Governor of Maryland, serving under his older brother, Charles Calvert, 5th Baron and Lord Baltimore, (1699-1751).[3]

Oyster boats and pleasure crafts docked in the Patuxent River at Benedict, 1941

War of 1812[edit]

In the War of 1812, Benedict was the location where the British Army led by General Robert Ross landed on August 18, 1814, after having fought fierce naval battles with American naval forces in the Patuxent. From Benedict, the British began their march to Washington, D.C., ultimately burning that city before finally being stopped in the Battle of Baltimore.[4][5]

Civil War[edit]

Benedict was the site of Camp Stanton, constructed in October 1863 for the Maryland 7th Regiment.[6] Camp Stanton was also the location where the Maryland 19th Regiment of the United States Colored Troops was formed on December 19, 1863, with freed slaves who were purchased for their freedom by the United States Government to serve as soldiers.[7] This unit distinguished itself at the Battle of the Wilderness.[8] Some of its members included the Rev. William Saunders Crowdy and his brother Daniel of a plantation in St. Mary's County, Maryland.[citation needed]

A school was established on the site to educate the black soldiers, most of whom had had no education when they were slaves. The school was run by Samuel C. Armstrong.[9]

Benedict today[edit]

Adjacent to the town is the Benedict Bridge, a 0.5-mile-long (0.80 km) bridge where Maryland Route 231 crosses the Patuxent River from Charles County into Calvert County. The town also has one or two seafood restaurants, and the only church in southern Maryland to offer masses in Latin.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Benedict, Maryland
  2. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Benedict CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 3, 2012. 
  3. ^ Zilliox, Jacqueline (2007). "Charles County". Arcadia Publishing. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-7385-4407-6. Retrieved 2008-04-05. 
  4. ^ Markham, Edwin (1912). The Real America in Romance Valor and Victory: The age of Vindication 1783 1824 Volume X. New York, Chicago: William H Wise & Company. pp. 370–382. 
  5. ^ "Fort Warburton". U. S. National Park Service. 2007-07-19. Retrieved 2007-12-15. 
  6. ^ "Seventh Regiment Infantry, U. S. Colored Troops. Maryland Volunteers." 366. Archives of Maryland Online. 1861–1866. p. 155. Retrieved 2007-12-15. 
  7. ^ "Hidden Identities: Southern Maryland Slaves & the United States Colored Troops at Camp Stanton, Maryland". College of Southern Maryland. 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-15. 
  8. ^ "African-American Sites Along the Patuxent River: Camp Stanton". Maryland Department of Natural Resources. 2002-09-03. Retrieved 2007-12-15. 
  9. ^ Talbot, Edith Armstrong (1904). Samuel Chapman Armstrong: A Biographical Study. New York: Doubleday, Page & Company. pp. page 109. ISBN 0-8371-1512-4. 

External links[edit]