Benedict (bishop of Milan)

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Benedict
Archbishop of Milan
Benedict bishop of Milan.JPG
Church Catholic Church
Appointed c. 685
Term ended c. 732
Predecessor Mansuetus (bishop of Milan)
Successor Theodorus II
Sainthood
Feast day March 11
Venerated in Catholic Church

Benedict (Latin: Benedictus, Italian: Benedetto) was Archbishop of Milan from c. 685 to c. 732. He is honoured as a saint in the Catholic Church.

Life[edit]

Benedict was archbishop of Milan from c. 685 to c. 732. Among the few information about his life, it is known that he wrote the epitaph for Caedwalla, the king of Wessex who was buried in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome.[1]

Benedict returned in Rome at the time of Pope Constantine where he opposed the claim of the bishop of Pavia, Armentarius, that Pavia were immediately subject to Rome. Benedict reminded to the Pope that Pavia historically was under the Metropolitan See of Milan and that the bishop of Pavia was used to be consecrated by the one of Milan. The pope however ruled in favour of Armentarius, perhaps due to a privilege granted at the times of Evodius or because Pavia was the capital of the Kingdom of the Lombards.[2][3]

To Benedict was due the construction of a church and a monastery in Milan, of which no trace remains. He probably was influential in settling the Schism of the Three Chapters. Paul the Deacon, about fifty years after his death, remember him as a saint venerated all over Italy.[1]

The day of his death was between 9 and 11 March 732.[1] A poetry written about ten years after his death, De laudibus Mediolani, praises him and informs us that he was buried in the Basilica of Sant'Ambrogio.[2] His feast day is March 11 in the Roman Rite and September 6 in the Ambrosian Rite.[4]

A late tradition, with no historical basis, associates Benedict with the Milan's family of the Crespi.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Casari, Mario (1987). "Benedetto, santo". Dizionario della Chiesa Ambrosiana (in Italian) 1. Milano: NED. p. 392. ISBN 88-7023-102-X. 
  2. ^ a b Cazzani, Eugenio (1996). Vescovi e arcivescovi di Milano (in Italian). Milano: Massimo. pp. 57–58. ISBN 88-7030-891-X. 
  3. ^ The book of saints : a dictionary of servants of God canonised by the Catholic Church. Whitefish, MT: Kessinger Publishing. 2001. p. 31. ISBN 9780766172692. 
  4. ^ Magnoli, Claudio, ed. (2010). Celebrazioni dei santi. Messale ambrosiano quotidiano (in Italian) 4. Milano: Centro Ambrosiano. p. 747. ISBN 978-88-8025-763-9.