Benefield

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Coordinates: 52°29′24″N 0°33′03″W / 52.4900°N 0.5508°W / 52.4900; -0.5508

Benefield
Benefield is located in Northamptonshire
Benefield
Benefield
 Benefield shown within Northamptonshire
Population 308 
OS grid reference SP984890
    - London  83 miles (134 km) 
District East Northamptonshire
Shire county Northamptonshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Peterborough
Postcode district PE8 5
Dialling code 01832
Police Northamptonshire
Fire Northamptonshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Corby
List of places
UK
England
Northamptonshire

Benefield is a civil parish in East Northamptonshire, England, along the A427 road and about 6 miles (9.7 km) east of Corby and 3 miles (4.8 km) west of Oundle.

History[edit]

The name has evolved from Benefield (11th century); Banefield, Benifeld (12th); Beningfelde, Benefilde, Berifelde, Benetfeld, Benifeud, Beningfeud (13th); Benyngfielde alias Benefielde alias Beddingfielde (16th).[1] The Domesday Book refers to it as Benefield.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2001 Census it had a population of 308, 146 males and 162 females in 138 households.[2]

Governance[edit]

The parish consists of Upper Benefield and Lower Benefield. The village has its own Parish Council.[3] The local district council is East Northamptonshire Council where the village is part of Oundle Ward and the county council is Northamptonshire County Council where it is in Oundle division.

Facilities[edit]

Lower Benefield has a village hall which was refurbished in 2009.[4]

Upper Benefield has 'The Wheatsheaf' pub and hotel, originally a coaching inn dating from the 17th century. There is also a cricket club.

Benefield Parish Church in Lower Benefield is dedicated to St Mary and is part of the Benefice of Benefield, Glapthorn and Oundle St Peter's. It is in the Rural Deanery of Oundle and is part of the Archdeaconry of Oakham within the Diocese of Peterborough. The church was re-built in 1847 and paid for by James Watts Russell of Biggin Hall, about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west of Benefield[5] (see below). Only the chancel of the old church was retained, dating from the 14th-century.[1]

Notable residents[edit]

Other buildings[edit]

Biggin Hall[edit]

The Hall dates from ca.1700[5] and is partly hidden behind a portico of ca.1750. There are two pavilions at each end. Miles Joseph Berkeley (1 April 1803 – 30 July 1889), an English cryptogamist and clergyman, and one of the founders of the science of plant pathology, was born in the Hall.

Benefield Castle[edit]

Established in 1208, all that remains is a moated platform west of the church. It has been derelict since 1315 or earlier.[5][6] It may have been one of the numerous forts thrown up during the anarchy of King Stephen's reign (1138–44). It was in existence in 1208, when John seized it for the debts of Hugh de Lisurs. On 15 May 1264, the day following the Battle of Lewes, Henry III, while a prisoner with Simon de Montfort, issued a mandate to the knights and others in Benefield Castle, stating that peace having been made between the king and his barons, they were not to go out of the castle nor do any ill in those parts. It was probably in the following year that, the castle being held for Edward the king's son, the men of the castle plundered the manor of Biggin and crossed the river to Oundle, where and at Ashton they took a number of cattle. The men of Oundle, however, made a counter-attack and recovered many of their beasts. Not long after this date the castle was probably dismantled. In 1298 it is described as an old castle, (fn. 4) and in 1315 the site of the castle only is referred to. (fn. 5) It continued a ruin and is so described in 1378.[1]

Rectory Farm[edit]

The building dates from 1877-8 and is tall and gabled.

Fermyn Woods Hall[edit]

Located about 2 miles (3.2 km) south-west has an Elizabethan centre in the plan of a letter 'E' with neo-Elizabethan extensions of ca.1850.[5] The south side of the stables has the gateway from nearby Lyveden New Bield as its centrepiece. The Hall was occupied by the Belville family in the 1930s. When they left its size was reduced and parts auctioned off including the elaborate large porch.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Victorian County History on-line "A History of the County of Northampton: Volume 3" edited by William Page 1930
  2. ^ Neighbourhood Statistics - 2001 census published 28 April 2004, accessed 1 April 2010
  3. ^ Benefield Parish Council Contact
  4. ^ Benefield Village Hall
  5. ^ a b c d Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1961). The Buildings of England – Northamptonshire. London and New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. 105–6. ISBN 978-0-300-09632-3. 
  6. ^ Castle UK website
  7. ^ Northamptonshire Libraries (1985). Roland Holloway's Northamptonshire. 27 Guildhall Road, Northampton NN1 1EP: Northamptonshire Libraries. pp. not numbered – picture 125 shows the Belville family in front of the porch od Fermyn Woods Hall. ISBN 0-905391-10-1. 

External links[edit]

52°29′N 0°32′W / 52.483°N 0.533°W / 52.483; -0.533