|Designer(s)||Rory Byrne (Chief Designer)|
|Chassis||Carbon fibre monocoque|
|Suspension (front)||Double wishbone, pullrod|
|Suspension (rear)||Double wishbone, pushrod|
|Engine||Ford DFR, 3,493 cc (213.2 cu in), 90° V8, NA, mid-engine, longitudinally mounted|
|Transmission||Benetton 6-speed manual|
|Notable entrants||Benetton Formula Ltd|
|Notable drivers||19. Alessandro Nannini
20. Thierry Boutsen
20. Johnny Herbert
20. Emanuele Pirro
|Debut||1988 Brazilian Grand Prix|
The Benetton B188 was a Formula One racing car designed by Rory Byrne and raced by Benetton team in the 1988 Formula One season and in the first half of the 1989 Formula One season. Dating back to when the team started as Toleman in 1981, the B188 was the first car produced by the team not to be powered by a turbocharged engine.
Benetton was effectively the Ford works team as they had exclusive use of the 3.5L Ford DFR V8 engine for 1988. When the FIA announced that turbo's would be banned after 1988, Ford made the decision to halt development of the V6 Ford TEC turbocharged engine used in the B188's predecessor the B187, and instead concentrated on the development of an engine for the new 3.5L rules. As Benetton were under contract to run the Ford engine (a contract they did not wish to break), the teams designers were forced to design a car to take the naturally aspirated V8 rather than the turbocharged V6. Despite this, the B188 was visually similar to the B187 it replaced, though it featured a bulkier engine cover to house both the larger engine and a larger fuel tank, as well as featuring larger air intakes (located above each sidepod, rather than above the drivers head as would become the norm). The B188 also featured a longer, sleeker looking nose section, necessitated by new rules for 1988 that meant the drivers feet had to be behind the front axle line.
The DFR, a development of the Cosworth DFV that had been introduced to F1 by Lotus in 1967, developed approximately 620 bhp (462 kW; 629 PS), the most powerful 'atmo' engine of the season. This compared to the 650 bhp (485 kW; 659 PS) of the turbocharged Honda and Ferrari engines. However, where as the turbo powered cars were restricted to a fuel tank size of 150 litres, the atmospheric cars fuel tank size was able to be much larger (the B188 reportedly had the largest fuel tank on the grid at 215 litres).
The B188 was driven by the teams 1987 driver, Belgian Thierry Boutsen, and the hard charging, chain smoking Italian Alessandro Nannini, who had joined Benetton for his 3rd F1 season after two years driving the uncompetitive Minardi's with their underpowered Motori Moderni turbo engines. The B188 was a consistent performer and was usually the class of the atmospheric cars, a class which also included the F1 Constructors Champions of the previous two years Williams who were using the new 600 bhp (447 kW; 608 PS) Judd CV V8 engine.
Boutsen would score 27 points, including 5 podium finishes, to claim 4th in the Drivers' Championship with five 3rd place finishes, while Nannini scored 12 points, including his first ever podium with 3rd at the British Grand Prix (despite two spins on the very wet Silverstone Circuit) and a second 3rd place later in the season in Spain. Overall with the B188, Benetton finished 3rd in the constructors championship with 39 points, 16 points in front of 4th placed Lotus, who not only used the same Honda engines as the dominant McLarens, but also had reigning World Champion Nelson Piquet as lead driver. The team would have in fact finished the season with 46 points but both cars were disqualified from the Belgian Grand Prix for using irregular fuel. The disqualification of the Benettons was not made official until long after the season had finished, so many published records list Boutsen and Nannini as having finished third and fourth respectively at Spa.
For 1989 Boutsen was replaced by British rookie Johnny Herbert while Nannini assumed the role of lead driver. The B188 was to be replaced by the B189 early in the season which would also see the team with exclusive use of the new development Ford HB4 V8 engine. Unfortunately due to delays including a testing crash by Nannini before the San Marino Grand Prix, the team was forced to use the B188 with the old DFR engine as the new motor was designed around the new car and didn't fit in the 1988 model.
Despite the B188 being seen by the team as obsolete being a previous years model and with other teams now running the DFR, Nannini and Herbert scored 13 points in the first six races of the season with the best being Nannini's 3rd at San Marino. Herbert, who was also recovering from a horrific Formula 3000 crash in 1988, scored points on debut in Brazil, finishing 4th (only 1.123 seconds behind 3rd placed Maurício Gugelmin's March-Judd), and two places and 8 seconds ahead of Nannini. Despite a 5th place finish in Phoenix, it became obvious in the opening rounds that he needed more time to recover from injuries that included both legs being badly broken. He was replaced after the Canadian Grand Prix by McLaren test driver Emanuele Pirro.
Complete Formula One results
(key) (Results in italics indicate fastest lap)
|1988||Benetton Formula Ltd||Ford DFR
|1989||Benetton Formula Ltd||Ford DFR
- "Benetton B188 • STATS F1". Statsf1.com. Retrieved 2012-11-09.
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