Benfica (Lisbon)

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For other uses, see Benfica (disambiguation).
Benfica
Parish
Benfica is located in Portugal
Benfica
Benfica
Coordinates: 38°45′04″N 9°12′07″W / 38.751°N 9.202°W / 38.751; -9.202Coordinates: 38°45′04″N 9°12′07″W / 38.751°N 9.202°W / 38.751; -9.202
Country Portugal
Region Lisbon
Subregion Grande Lisboa
Metropolitan area Lisbon
District Lisbon
Municipality Lisbon
Area
 • Total 8.03 km2 (3.10 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 36,985
 • Density 4,600/km2 (12,000/sq mi)

Benfica (Portuguese pronunciation: [bɐ̃ȷ̃ˈfikɐ]) is a Portuguese parish, located in the municipality of Lisbon. The population in 2011 was 36,985,[1] in an area of 8.03 km².[2]

The biggest park of Lisbon, the Monsanto Forest Park, is mostly (until the A5 that serves as a geographic limit with other parishes of Lisbon) located in Benfica.

History[edit]

20th century[edit]

In 1959, the parish was split and gave origin to the parish of São Domingos de Benfica. In this period, Lisbon was experiencing a fast growth, in the 1950s the population of the parish was 17,843 inhabitants, forty years later it exceeded 50,000. However, in the 1990s, the population of Lisbon started to decline, with thousands of people leaving to the suburbs and the parish population declined to the present 38,500 inhabitants.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística (INE), Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal
  2. ^ Direção-Geral do Território