Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals
|Founded||Calcutta, British India (April 12, 1901 )|
|Revenue||61.99 billion (2006)|
|Owners||Government of India|
Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Limited (BCPL), established in 1901, is a Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) of the Government of India and India's first pharmaceutical company. The company was started by Prafulla Chandra Roy in Kolkata (then known as Calcutta) and has since manufactured such household Indian products as "Hospitol", "naphthalene balls", and "Phenyl". The company is headquartered in Kolkata and reported aggregated revenues of 61.99 billion (US$1.0 billion) in the fiscal year 2006. 
Bengal Chemical & Pharmaceutical Works Ltd. (BCPW) was the precursor of the present company Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Ltd (BCPL). Acharya P C Ray took a rented house at 91 Upper Circular Road, Calcutta and started a business with a capital of 700 (US$11). The reputation of the company grew, and Acharya P C Ray added funds to the Company to increase the scale of production. Soon the business was converted into a Limited Company and on 12 April 1901 the name of the company became Bengal Chemical and Pharmaceutical Works Ltd. (BCPW), retaining the same premises at 91 Upper Circular Road, Calcutta. 
From a beginning with one factory in Maniktala (Kolkata) in 1905, three more factories were established – one in Panihati (Kolkata-700114 (north suburban), West Bengal) in 1920, one in Mumbai in 1938 and one in Kanpur in 1949 with its Registered Office at 6 Ganesh Chunder Avenue, Kolkata – 700 013. The company has nine sales outlets and two C & F Agencies across India.
In the 1965s the market situation acted as deterrent to growth and the company passed into a dark phase in 1970. The management of the company was taken over by the government of India on 15 December 1977 and nationalized on 15 December 1980. A new company was formed under the name and style “Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Ltd.” (BCPL) in 1981.
The Company expanded and diversified into a multi-product conglomerate, with three divisions.
- Division I - Aluminum Sulphate(Alum),
- Division II - drugs and pharmaceuticals, such as Analgesics & Antipyretics, Antitussive, Expectorants, Enzymes & Hepatobiliary Preparations, Diuretics, Topical Anti-infective & Antifungals, Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs, Muscle Relaxants, Antibiotics & Antibacterials, Ant tubercular Drugs, Antimalarial drugs, Vitamins, Oral Electrolytes, Antiasthmatic Preparations, Anti Venom Serum and
- Division III - cosmetics and home products, namely Cantharidine Hair Oil, Disinfectant Fluid (Lamp Brand Pheneol), Moth Repellant (Naphthalene Ball), Aguru (Perfume), Floor Cleanser (White Tiger) and Toilet Cleaner (Klin Toilet).
BCPL has entered the production of sera and vaccines. Already manufacturing anti snake venom serum (ASVS), steps are being taken to manufacture anti rabies vaccine (ARV), Anti Rabies Serum (ARS), Diphtheria Anti Toxin (DAT), Kalazar, etc. It is planned to open a new Pharma Division in the areas of Cardiovascular medicines, Hypolipidemic Drugs, Anticancer Drugs, new Cephalosporin Antibiotics. Negotiation is going on to evaluate the possibility of manufacturing Anti Retroviral Products for which the nation is dependent on imports.
- "Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Ltd.". bengalchemicals.gov.in. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
- "Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd.". business.highbeam.com. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
- Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray was succeeded by Tulsi Ray an eminent Solicitor of the Hon'ble High Court at Calcutta. He remained the Chairman Manging Director of the Company till 1963. 19.html "Pharmaceutical Industry". indianmirror.com. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
- "Chemistry of nationalism". telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
- http://www.bengalchemicals.gov.in/ Official website