Bengali Braille

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Bengali Braille
বাংলা ব্রেইল
Bangla Braille
Type
Languages Bengali, Assamese
Parent systems
Print basis
Bengali alphabet

Bengali Braille is either of two Bharati braille alphabets, used for the Bengali and Assamese languages, that largely conform to the letter values of the other Bharati alphabets. According to UNESCO (2013), there are slightly different letter assignments in Bangladesh and in India.[1]

Two alphabets[edit]

A few letters differ between the Indian and Bangladeshi alphabets. Bangladeshi Braille transcribes print Bengali khô, jhô, bhô as international xô, zô, vô; the last is used in India for Assamese, but not for Bengali. Bangladeshi braille also rotates the letter ṛô for the letter ṛhô, while Indian uses an accent point.

Print
Romanization ô (a) ā i ī u ū ê oi (ai) o ou (au)
Bangladesh ⠁ (braille pattern dots-1) ⠜ (braille pattern dots-345) ⠊ (braille pattern dots-24) ⠔ (braille pattern dots-35) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠑ (braille pattern dots-15) ⠌ (braille pattern dots-34) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135) ⠪ (braille pattern dots-246) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) (?)[2]
India ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123)
Print
Romanization khô ghô ṅô chô jhô ñô
Bangladesh ⠅ (braille pattern dots-13) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245) ⠣ (braille pattern dots-126) ⠬ (braille pattern dots-346) ⠉ (braille pattern dots-14) ⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠚ (braille pattern dots-245) ⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
India ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46) ⠴ (braille pattern dots-356)
Print
Romanization ṭô ṭhô ḍô ḍhô ṇô thô dhô
Bangladesh & India ⠾ (braille pattern dots-23456) ⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456) ⠫ (braille pattern dots-1246) ⠿ (braille pattern dots-123456) ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456) ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345) ⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠙ (braille pattern dots-145) ⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345)
Print র/ৰ[3] [4]
Romanization phô bhô ẏô
Bangladesh ⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234) ⠖ (braille pattern dots-235) ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12) ⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236) ⠍ (braille pattern dots-134) ⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456) ⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123)
India ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236)
Print ক্ষ জ্ঞ ড় ঢ় য়[5] (Bengali Letter Khanda Ta.svg)
Romanization śô ṣô kṣô jñô ṛô ṛhô y (e) khanda tô
Bangladesh ⠩ (braille pattern dots-146) ⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125) ⠟ (braille pattern dots-12345) ⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠻ (braille pattern dots-12456) ⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356) ⠢ (braille pattern dots-26) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345)
India ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠻ (braille pattern dots-12456) (?)[6]

Codas[edit]

Print  ্  ং  ঃ  ঁ
Virama
(hôsôntô)
Anusvara
(ônusbar)
Visarga
(bisôrgô)
Candrabindu
(chôndrôbindu)
Avagraha
(ôbôgrôhô)
India/
Bangladesh
⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠰ (braille pattern dots-56) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3) ⠂ (braille pattern dots-2)

Numerals[edit]

Numerals are the same as in other Bharati alphabets.

Bengali digits
Arabic digits 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
Braille
digits
⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456) + ⠁ (braille pattern dots-1) ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12) ⠉ (braille pattern dots-14) ⠙ (braille pattern dots-145) ⠑ (braille pattern dots-15) ⠋ (braille pattern dots-124) ⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245) ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125) ⠊ (braille pattern dots-24) ⠚ (braille pattern dots-245)

Punctuation[edit]

For basic diacritics and punctuation, see Bharati braille. Several additional punctuation marks are noted in Bangladesh. It may be that they are used in India as well, but they conflict with the punctuation reported for Nepali Braille:

Print ‘ ... ’ [ ... ] / *
Bangladesh ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠴ (braille pattern dots-356) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3) ⠸ (braille pattern dots-456) ⠌ (braille pattern dots-34) ⠔ (braille pattern dots-35) ⠔ (braille pattern dots-35)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ World Braille Usage, UNESCO, 2013
  2. ^ The obsolete letter is not attested from Bangladesh.
  3. ^ র in Bengali and ৰ in Assamese
  4. ^ is used for Assamese ৱ in India and for ভ bhô in Bangladesh.
  5. ^ In other Bharati braille alphabets, this transcribes the short vowel e, a value this print letter has in Bengali.
  6. ^ The braille letter for khanda ta is not attested from India.