|Regions with significant populations|
|Saudi Arabia||1,200,000 (2010)|
|Bengali with different dialects|
|Islam in Bangladesh|
|Culture and literature|
|Schools of thought|
|Educational organizations and institutions|
Bengali Muslims are an ethnoreligious group native to the region of Bengal, who profess Islam and speak the Bengali language. With a population of more than 190 million, they are the second largest ethnic Muslim community in the world. The majority of Bengali Muslims are adherents of the Sunni branch of Islam. A minority adheres to the Shia and Ahmadiya branches.
Bengali Muslims are concentrated in Bangladesh, in the Indian states of West Bengal and Assam, in Saudi Arabia and in Pakistan. They have a worldwide diaspora, with significant communities in North America and the United Kingdom, and expatriate populations in the Middle East and East Asia.
A centre of the Silk Road since antiquity, the Ganges delta received the earliest Muslim missionaries during the seventh and eighth centuries. Sufis from Arabia and Persia settled in port towns and cities to preach and spread Islam. The Abbasid Caliphate established diplomatic and commercial relations with the Pala Empire, which led to increased intellectual and spiritual contacts with the Islamic Middle East. The Turko-Persian conquest of Bengal in 1204 and its annexation by the Delhi Sultanate laid the foundation for Islamic rule. The sovereign independent Sultanate of Bengal was proclaimed in the 14th century, and reigned for three hundred years until its absroption into the Mughal Empire. Bengal under Mughal rule prospered as a hub of commerce and the worldwide muslin trade. The Nawabs of Bengal established an independent principality in 1707 which bore the hallmarks of an emerging nation state. With the rise of European trading powers, beginning with the Portuguese in Chittagong during the Age of Discovery, the Nawabs provided concessions to Dutch, French and English companies and faced an onslaught of Maratha invasions.
Bengal became part of the British Empire in 1757, after the British East India Company defeated the last independent Nawab at the Battle of Plassey. In the late 19th-century, Bengali Muslims formed the second largest community in Calcutta, the capital of British India. Many prominent figures of the Bengal Renaissance and the anti-colonial movement were the Bengali Muslims, including Mir Mosharraf Hossain, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Begum Rokeya, Sir Khwaja Salimullah, A. K. Fazlul Huq and H S Surwardy. 
Partition of British India
Bangladesh War of Independence
Bengalis in the US
Bengali Muslims who worked in sea ports in the British colonies were the among the first to immigrate to the United States from South Africa and other British territories. Despite restrictions and reprisals by U. S. immigration authorities, many South Asian men worked in the service industry, alongside African Americans and other people of color, as factory workers, dishwashers, and doormen. By the 1930s and 1940s, a number of prosperous Indian restaurants in Harlem in New York City were opened and operated by Bengali Muslim men.
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