Bengbu

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Bengbu
蚌埠市
Prefecture-level city
蚌埠会展中心.jpg
Nickname(s): Pearl city (珠城)
Location of Bengbu City jurisdiction in Anhui
Location of Bengbu City jurisdiction in Anhui
Coordinates: 32°55′N 117°23′E / 32.917°N 117.383°E / 32.917; 117.383Coordinates: 32°55′N 117°23′E / 32.917°N 117.383°E / 32.917; 117.383
Country People's Republic of China
Province Anhui
County-level divisions 7
Township-level divisions 74
Municipal seat Longzihu District
Government
 • Mayor Zhou Chunyu (周春雨)
 • secretary of municipal Party committee Chen Qitao (陈启涛)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 5,945 km2 (2,295 sq mi)
 • Urban 602 km2 (232 sq mi)
 • Metro 602 km2 (232 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city 3,164,467
 • Density 530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Urban 972,784
 • Urban density 1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
 • Metro 972,784
 • Metro density 1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 233000
Area code(s) 0552
License Plate Prefix C
Website bengbu.gov.cn

Bengbu (Chinese: 蚌埠; pinyin: Bèngbù; Wade–Giles: Peng-pu) is a mid-sized city in northern Anhui Province, China. Its urban area has nearly one million residents, though the Prefecture-level city under its jurisdiction has over three million registered residents. Its name means "Oyster Wharf" in Chinese, echoing its former reputation as a freshwater pearl fishery.

The city's urban agglomeration is about to include Huaiyuan county, which is under its jurisdiction, as well as Fengyang county in Chuzhou municipality. This contiguous urban area would have approximately 2.6 million residents.

Administration[edit]

The prefecture-level city of Bengbu administers seven county-level divisions, including four districts and three counties.

English Name Chinese Name (Simplified / Traditional) Pin yin Post Code
Longzihu District 龙子湖区 / 龍子湖區 Lóngzǐhú Qū 233000
Bengshan District 蚌山区 / 蚌山區 Bèngshān Qū 233000
Yuhui District 禹会区 / 禹會區 Yǔhuì Qū 233000
Huaishang District 淮上区 / 淮上區 Huáishàng Qū 233000
Huaiyuan County 怀远县 / 懷遠縣 Huáiyuǎn Xiàn 233400
Wuhe County 五河县 / 五河縣 Wǔhé Xiàn 233300
Guzhen County 固镇县 / 固鎮縣 Gùzhèn Xiàn 233700

These are further divided into 74 township-level divisions, including 36 towns, 19 townships and 19 subdistricts.

Geography[edit]

Bengbu is located 135 kilometres (84 mi) north of Nanjing, on the Huai River. The built up urbanized area is divided into two parts: greater Bengbu on the south bank of the river and little Bengbu on the north bank. Dragon Lake is on the East side of the urbanized area. On the other side of the lake is the university district, containing four institution of higher learning.

Climate[edit]

The area has a four-season humid subtropical climate with strong monsoon influences (Köppen climate classification Cwa), cool, sometimes cold, winters, and hot and humid summers. The area lies in a climatic transition zone, as it is on the Qin Ling−Huai River boundary between the climatic regimes of northern and southern China. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 1.8 °C (35.2 °F) in January to 27.9 °C (82.2 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 15.43 °C (59.8 °F). A majority of the annual precipitation occurs from June to August. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 41% in March to 50% in August, the city receives 2,036 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Bengbu (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.5
(43.7)
8.5
(47.3)
13.7
(56.7)
21.1
(70)
26.4
(79.5)
30.1
(86.2)
32.1
(89.8)
31.6
(88.9)
27.3
(81.1)
22.1
(71.8)
15.4
(59.7)
9.3
(48.7)
20.3
(68.6)
Average low °C (°F) −1.7
(28.9)
0.1
(32.2)
4.5
(40.1)
10.9
(51.6)
16.2
(61.2)
20.9
(69.6)
24.5
(76.1)
23.8
(74.8)
18.8
(65.8)
12.7
(54.9)
5.9
(42.6)
0.3
(32.5)
11.4
(52.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 25.2
(0.992)
35.6
(1.402)
59.0
(2.323)
52.1
(2.051)
76.9
(3.028)
141.5
(5.571)
198.7
(7.823)
130.6
(5.142)
79.9
(3.146)
60.8
(2.394)
42.2
(1.661)
17.3
(0.681)
919.8
(36.214)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.9 7.4 9.9 8.6 9.3 10.3 13.8 10.2 8.2 7.6 6.6 5.0 102.8
 % humidity 71 70 70 68 69 72 79 80 76 72 71 68 72.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 136.5 130.3 150.0 182.9 200.7 186.5 197.2 205.7 170.3 173.1 158.9 144.1 2,036.2
Percent possible sunshine 43 42 41 47 47 44 45 50 46 49 51 47 46
Source #1: China Meteorological Administration
Source #2: 富农路蚌埠农业投资频道 [1]

History[edit]

In ancient times, the Dongyi peoples inhabited this area and were collectively known as the Huaiyi after the Huai River. During the late Western Zhou Period and the early Spring and Autumn Period, the Dongyi became increasingly sinicized. During the late Spring and Autumn Period, the once-powerful Dongyi state of Xu was pressured from all directions and destroyed through a series of wars with its neighbors, such as the Chu State and the Wu State. Another Dongyi State was the small Zhongli State, which was a part of the Huaiyi Confederation led by the State of Xu. Tombs belonging to the royalty of the Zhongli State were discovered in excavations between 2005 and 2008 near Fengyang. Eventually, the Huaiyi peoples were either pushed south or assimilated.

Bengbu has always been a hub of water and land communications in Anhui province, and a major distribution centre for the Huai basin.

In 1948, during the Chinese Civil War, the Communist People's Liberation Army won a decisive victory over Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist (KMT) forces near Bengbu, in the Huaihai Campaign.

Economy[edit]

Bengbu is now a famous food city in Anhui province. Food-related industries account for 44% of the city's industrial production. The city's other industries include engineering works, textiles, glass making, chemicals, and electronics.

Culture[edit]

Pollution in the village of Qiugang, a suburb of Bengbu, was the subject of the 2010 film The Warriors of Qiugang, an 83rd Academy Awards nominee.

Food[edit]

Bengbu is one of the centers of the Huai Yang cuisine, one of the three noted cuisines of Anhui province. The dishes tend to be salty and slightly hot, with thick soups. One of the famous dishes is fuliji (braised chicken), whose 13 herbs and spices give it a rich aroma.

Transportation[edit]

Electric locomotive at Bengbu Railway Station

The city is on the Jinghu Railway, with hourly direct trains to Beijing, Shanghai and other large cities.

The new Bengbu South Railway Station will be served by the high-speed Beijing-Shanghai Railway.

Bengbu Airport, which has been relocated from the city's central urban area around the turn of the 21st century, is presently operated only as a military airfield; however, provisions exist for its future dual use (civil and military).

Colleges and universities[edit]

Twinnings[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]