Benghazi Province, or Provincia di Bengazi in Italian, was one of the provinces of Libya under Italian rule. It was established in 1937.
The Italians conquered from the Ottomans in 1911 a region around Benghazi that was very poor and underdeveloped: it had no asphalted road, no telegraph services, no sewages system and no hospitals (in 1874 Benghazi had been depopulated by the bubonic plague). In ten years they built all these infrastructures and by the early 1930s a new port and a railways station were created in Benghazi.
In the 1920s in the Benghazi province was created a railway between Benghazi and Barce: a 750 mm (2 ft 5 1⁄2 in) (later 950 mm) gauge railway was built east from Benghazi; the main route was 110 km long to Marj and was opened in stages between 1911 and 1927. Benghazi also had a 56 km branch to Suluq opened in 1926.
In the late 1930s in the Benghazi province were settled thousands of Italians as farmers in special villages. Most of the Italians were concentrated in Benghazi, where they were in 1939 nearly one third of the population.
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- Chapin Metz, Hellen. Libya: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1987
- Guida d'Italia del TCI. Possedimenti e colonie Edizioni Touring Club. Milano, 1929
- Tripoli Province
- Derna Province
- Misurata Province
- Territorio Sahara Libico
- Italian Libya
- Benghazi Governorate
- Italian Cyrenaica