Benigno Aquino, Sr.

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For other people of the same name, see Benigno Aquino.
Benigno S. Aquino[1]
Benigno Aquino, Sr..jpg
6th Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines
1st Speaker of the National Assembly of the Second Philippine Republic
In office
September 25, 1943 – February 2, 1944
President José P. Laurel
Preceded by José Yulo
Succeeded by Jose Zulueta
Member of the National Assembly of the Second Philippine Republic from Tarlac
In office
September 25, 1943 – February 2, 1944
Serving with Sergio L. Aquino
Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce of the Philippines
In office
1938–1941
President Manuel L. Quezon
Preceded by Eulogio Rodriguez
Succeeded by Rafael Alunan
Member of the National Assembly of the Philippines from Tarlac's 2nd District
In office
December 30, 1941 – December 30, 1944*
Elected, but did not serve the term due to the establishment of the Second Philippine Republic
Preceded by Jose Urquico
Succeeded by Alejandro Simpaoco
As member of the 1st Congress of the Commonwealth of the Philippines
In office
December 30, 1935 – December 30, 1938
Preceded by Feliciano B. Gardiner
As member of the 10th Philippine Legislature
Succeeded by Jose Urquico
Majority leader of the Philippine Senate
In office
1931–1934
Senate President Manuel L. Quezon
Preceded by José P. Laurel
Succeeded by Claro M. Recto
Philippine Senator from the 3rd Senatorial District
In office
1928 – 1934
Served with:
Teodoro Sandiko (1928–1931)
Sotero Baluyot (1931–1934)
Preceded by Luis Morales
Succeeded by Hermogenes Concepcion
Member of the Philippine House of Representatives from Tarlac's 2nd District
In office
1919–1928
Preceded by Cayetano Rivera
Succeeded by Jose G. Domingo
Personal details
Born Benigno Simeon Aquino
(1894-09-04)September 4, 1894
Mucia, Tarlac, Spanish East Indies
Died December 20, 1947(1947-12-20) (aged 53)
Rizal Memorial Coliseum, Manila, Philippines
Nationality Filipino
Political party Partido Nacionalista Consolidato, KALIBAPI
Spouse(s) Maria Urquico (first)
Aurora Aquino (second)
Children Benigno Aquino, Jr.
Residence Mucia, Tarlac
Alma mater University of Santo Tomas
Colegio de San Juan de Letran
Occupation Farmer, Politician
Profession Lawyer, civil servant
Religion Roman Catholic
* After Maria Urquico died, Aquino married Aurora Aquino

Benigno Simeon "Igno" Aquino, Sr.[2][3][4][5] (September 4, 1894 – December 20, 1947), also known as Benigno S. Aquino or Benigno S. Aquino, Sr., was a Filipino politician who served as Speaker of the National Assembly of the Second Philippine Republic from 1943 to 1944.

His grandson Benigno S. Aquino III is the current President of the Philippines.

Early life[edit]

Don Benigno S. Aquino, Sr.[1] (Concepcion, Tarlac monument).

Aquino was born in Murcia, now part of Concepcion, Tarlac to Servillano "Mianong" Aquino, a general in the Philippine Revolution who later served as a member of the Malolos Congress, and Guadalupe Quiambao. He had two siblings, namely Gonzalo Aquino (born 1893) and Amando Aquino (born 1896), and a half-brother, Herminio Aquino (born 1949). He studied at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran in Manila and later at the University of Santo Tomas where he earned his law degree in 1913 and was admitted to the bar the following year.

Personal life[edit]

1st marriage[edit]

In May 1916, he married Maria Urquico, the daughter of katipunero Antonio Urquico and Justa Valeriano. He had two sons and two daughters with Maria, namely, Antonio Aquino (born 1917, died 1993), Servillano Aquino II (born 1919, died 1973), Milagros Aquino (born 1924, died 2001), and Erlinda Aquino.

2nd marriage[edit]

After Maria died in March 1928, he married Aurora Aquino (maiden name), his third cousin, on December 6, 1930, with whom he had the following children—Maria Aurora (Maur), Benigno Simeon, Jr. (Ninoy), Maria Gerarda (Ditas), Maria Guadalupe (Lupita), Agapito (Butz), Paul, and Maria Teresa (Tessie).[6]

Political career[edit]

Benigno "Igno" Aquino was first elected to the Philippine Legislature (as a member of the Philippine House of Representatives) in 1919 representing the 2nd District of Tarlac. He was reelected to the same position in 1922 and 1925 before winning a Philippine Senate seat in 1928 representing the 3rd Senatorial District comprising the provinces of Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga and his home-province of Tarlac. He became part of the Philippine Independence Mission in 1931, which negotiated the terms of obtaining Philippine independence from the United States. During the elections for the Commonwealth of the Philippines government in 1935 he ran again in his district in Tarlac and won. In 1937, he was appointed by Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon as Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce.

Speaker of the National Assembly[edit]

Being among the more prominent Commonwealth officials left after the Commonwealth government went into exile in 1941, Aquino were among those recruited by the Japanese to form a government. Aquino became the director-general of KALIBAPI and one of the two assistant chairmen of the Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence. When the Second Philippine Republic was inaugurated, he was elected Speaker of the National Assembly.

Arrest and collaboration charges[edit]

In December 1944, as the combined Filipino and American forces continued their advance to liberate the Philippines from Japanese forces, the government of the Second Philippine Republic was moved to Baguio which included Aquino before they flew to Japan where together with other officials they were arrested and imprisoned at the Sugamo Prison when the Japanese surrendered. On August 25, 1946, Aquino was flown back to the Philippines for his trial on treason charges by the People's Court[disambiguation needed], a few weeks later he was released on bail.

Death[edit]

On December 20, 1947 he died of a heart attack at the Rizal Memorial Coliseum in Manila while watching a boxing match. His widow Dona Aurora died in 1998.

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]