Benito Juárez, Quintana Roo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Benito Juarez
Municipality
Municipal Hall, Cancun
Municipal Hall, Cancun
Flag of Benito Juarez
Flag
Official logo of Benito Juarez
Logo
Location of Benito Juarez in Quintana Roo
Location of Benito Juarez in Quintana Roo
Benito Juarez is located in Mexico
Benito Juarez
Benito Juarez
Location of Benito Juarez in Mexico
Coordinates: 21°00′N 87°00′W / 21.000°N 87.000°W / 21.000; -87.000Coordinates: 21°00′N 87°00′W / 21.000°N 87.000°W / 21.000; -87.000
Country Mexico
State Quintana Roo
Established 1975[1]
Named for Benito Juárez
Municipal seat Cancun
Government
 • Municipal President Julián Ricalde Magaña
Area
 • Municipality 1,664 km2 (642 sq mi)
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Municipality 661,176
 • Density 400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
 • Urban 658,911
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
INEGI Code 23005
Website cancun.gob.mx

Benito Juárez is one of the ten municipalities of the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. Most of its population reside in the municipal seat, Cancún. It is named after the 19th century president and statesman Benito Juárez.

Geography[edit]

Benito Juárez is located in the north of the state with the Caribbean Sea as its eastern border. It borders on the municipalities of Isla Mujeres to the north, Solidaridad to the south, and Lázaro Cárdenas to the west. The municipality covers an area 1,664 square kilometres (642 sq mi) which is 3.27% of the territory of the state.

Communities[edit]

The 2010 census enumerated 295 populated localities and 272 unpopulated localities. The largest are as follows:[3]

Map of Benito Juárez municipality
Community Population
(2010)
Cancún
628,306
Alfredo V. Bonfil
14,900
Puerto Morelos
9,188
Leona Vicario
6,517
El Porvenir
505
Colonia Chiapaneca Siglo XXI
275
Lagos del Sol
156
Entire municipality 661,176

Puerto Juárez, the primary location of the original population of the area before the founding of the city of Cancún, was considered a separate location from 1960 until 1990, when it was abolished as such and incorporated as one of Cancún's districts.

History[edit]

The Mayan culture occupied the territory and they are still subsisting. In Cancún are different types of archeological monuments like "Ruinas de el Rey". At the time the town of Cancún was founded (1902) the majority of its business activity was the production and export gum and "palo de tinte". They transported it to Puerto Morelos for the translation to Cozumel and from there it was exported to other countries.

After World War II gum production dropped. In the 1960s, other commercial activities were started. In the 1960s the "island of Cancún" was only occupied at certain times of the year,[4] however by 1974 the first hotel was opened in what is now known as the Hotel Zone. This was also the year Quintana Roo that was recognized as a state. At the time Benito Juarez was founded, it was part the Isla Mujeres territory.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1995 311,696 —    
2000 419,815 +6.14%
2005 572,973 +6.42%
2010 661,176 +2.91%
Source: INEGI Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía[5]

Economy[edit]

The principal businesses in this municipality are hotels, restaurants, travel agencies and tourist transportation.

Economic activities:[6]

  • Primary……………….3.7% (agriculture, hunting, fishing)
  • Secondary…………….6.0% (manufacturing, construction, electricity)
  • Tertiary……………….90.3% (trade, tourism)

Local government[edit]

Mayors:

  • Julián Javier Ricalde Magaña (PRD) 2011-2013
  • Gregorio Sánchez Martínez (PRD) 2008-2010

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]