Benito Juárez International Airport

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Not to be confused with Benito Juárez Airport, Argentina.
Benito Juarez International Airport
Aeropuerto Internacional Benito Juárez
Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México (logo).jpg
Benitojuarezarptaerial.jpg
Mexico City International Airport as seen from a satellite before the construction of Terminal 2.
IATA: MEXICAO: MMMX
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Grupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México
Operator Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares
Serves Mexico City, Mexico
Location Venustiano Carranza, D.F.
Hub for
Focus city for

Passenger

Cargo

Elevation AMSL 7,316 ft / 2,230 m
Coordinates 19°26′10″N 099°04′19″W / 19.43611°N 99.07194°W / 19.43611; -99.07194Coordinates: 19°26′10″N 099°04′19″W / 19.43611°N 99.07194°W / 19.43611; -99.07194
Website www.aicm.com.mx
Map
MEX is located in Mexico City
MEX
MEX
Location within Mexico City
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05R/23L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
05L/23R 3,952 12,966 Asphalt
Statistics (July '13 - June '14)
Aircraft movements 401,602
Increase 4.49%
Passengers 32,934,537
Increase 8.83%
Cargo tonnage 380,275.19
Decrease 1.52%
Economic & social impact (2012) $4.4 billion & 187.9 thousand[1]
Source: DAFIF[2][3]
Statistics: Airport website,[4]

Benito Juárez International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Benito Juárez), (IATA: MEXICAO: MMMX) is a commercial airport that serves Mexico City, the capital and biggest city in Mexico. It is Mexico's busiest airport by both passenger traffic and aircraft movements and is Latin America's second busiest airport by passenger traffic after Guarulhos Airport in São Paulo, Brazil. Also is the busiest airport by aircraft movements. Although Juárez was not its official name for several decades, it was formally named after the 19th century president Benito Juárez in 2006, and is Mexico's main domestic gateway. The airport sustains 35,000 jobs directly and around 15,000 indirectly in the immediate area. The airport is owned by Grupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México and operated by Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, the government-owned corporation, which also operates 22 other airports throughout Mexico.[5] In recent years Toluca Airport has become an alternate airport.

This hot and high airport is served by 46 domestic and international airlines, including cargo carriers. On a typical day, more than 85,000 passengers pass through Benito Juárez airport to and from more than 100 destinations around the world. It provides non-stop services from Mexico City to North America, Central America and the Caribbean, South America, Asia and Europe. In 2013, the airport served 31,534,638 passengers, a 6.9% increase compared to 2012. For the 12-month period ending July 31, 2014, the airport handled 33,082,456 passengers. In optimal conditions, and with recent renovations and expansion projects completed, the Benito Juárez airport will be able to handle up to 32 million passengers per year.[6] As the main hub for Mexico's largest airline Aeroméxico and a secondary hub for its subsidiary Aeroméxico Connect, the airport has become a SkyTeam hub. It is also a hub for Aeromar, Interjet, Volaris and a focus city for VivaAerobus.

Location[edit]

Located at the neighborhood of Peñón de los Baños within Venustiano Carranza, one of the sixteen boroughs into which Mexico's Federal District is divided, the airport is 5 km (3.1 mi) east from Downtown Mexico City and is surrounded by the built-up areas of Gustavo A. Madero to the north and Venustiano Carranza to the west, south and east. As the airport is located on the east side of Mexico City and its runways run southwest-northeast, an airliner's landing approach is usually directly over the conurbation of Mexico City when the wind is from the northeast.

History[edit]

Inauguration of Iberia's Mexico City-Madrid route, March 1, 1950
President and Mrs. Kennedy debark Air Force One, June 29, 1962

The airport first opened as Balbuena Military Airport with five runways. The first landing was on November 5, 1928, and regular service started a year later, but was officially inaugurated on May 15, 1931. On July 8, 1943, the Official Gazette of the Federation published a decree that acknowledged Mexico City's Central Airport as an International Airport, capable of managing international arrivals and departures of passengers and aircraft. Its first international route was to Los Angeles International Airport operated by Mexicana. Construction of Runway 05D-23I started six years later, as well as new facilities such as a platform, a terminal building, a control tower and offices for the authorities. The runway started its operations in 1951. On November 19, 1952, President Miguel Alemán opened the terminal, thus becoming a commercial airport.

On December 2, 1963, Walter C. Buchanan, former director of the Transport and Communications Department (SCT), changed the airport's name "Aeropuerto Central" (Central Airport) to "Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México" (Mexico City International Airport). Four decades later, on November 24, 2006, the Official Gazette of the Federation published a decree to rename Mexico's City International Airport "Benito Juárez".

In the 1970s, president Luis Echeverría closed three runways and gave that land to poor people in order to build their homes[citation needed], leaving just two parallel runways. In 1980, the terminal was expanded to double its capacity, using a single large terminal rather than multiple terminals as in other airports. Ten years later in 1990, the mixed domestic/international gates were separated to increase the terminal's functionality, along with the separation of domestic and international check-in halls.

On November 24, 1978, the "Mexico" Control Tower began its operations; it has been in service since then.

The AICM has continually improved its infrastructure. On August 15, 1979, and after about a year of remodeling works, the terminal building reopened to the public; the airport continued its operations during the renovation, which improved passenger transit with better space distribution in walkways and rooms.

Due to constant growth in demand of both passengers and operations, on January 13, 1994, the Official Gazette of the Federation, published a presidential agreement that prohibited general aviation operations in the AICM, which were moved to Toluca International Airport in order to clear air traffic in the capital's airport.

Renovations to the AICM continued and on April 11, 1994, a new International Terminal building was ready and operational. It was built by a private contractor according to a co-investment agreement with Airports and Auxiliary Services.

In 2001, in order to improve service to passengers, construction for Module XI started. This Module permitted eight new contact positions in the Airport Terminal, capable of receiving eight regular airplanes, two wide-body, or four narrow-body aircraft.

Because of the increasing traffic, president Vicente Fox announced the construction of a new, larger airport on 5,000 ha (12,000 acres) in the municipalities of Texcoco and San Salvador Atenco, but when local violent protests aroused, the new airport was cancelled. Instead, to respond to the growing demand and aiming to position the AICM as one of the greatest in terms of quality, services, security, and operational functionality, on May 30, 2003, the Federal Government announced an update: an extension to the air terminal in order to widen its service capacity from 20 million to 32 million passengers a year. This program was part of the Metropolitan Airport System, promoted by the Federal Administration. The Communications and Transportation Ministry (SCT), Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares (ASA) and AICM performed expansion and remodeling work on Terminal 1, over a surface area of 90,000 square metres (970,000 sq ft); 48,000 of which were new construction and 42,000 of which were remodeled. The renovations include new airline counters, commercial spaces and an elevator for people with disabilities, which improved the flow of passengers with domestic destinations.

The national (primary) walkway was remodeled and expanded from 3,670 square metres (39,500 sq ft) 8,170 square metres (87,900 sq ft), an 122% increase. Commercial spaces were relocated to provide users with wide-open, modern spaces. During this period, a new Mezzanine was also built. This area is home to the financial and various services areas.

With the demolition of the Tower Building, Terminal 1's road was also expanded and improved. Passengers access gates were also reorganized. Four access bridges were relocated and remodeled: two leading to the national parking lot, one to the pilot parking lot and another towards the Camino Real Hotel.

The domestic and international parking lots were equipped with a modern, automated pre-paid system, which simplifies user arrival and departure. Both have a current capacity of 3,000 vehicles and offer all types of access to people with disabilities.

A new drainage system was built with the road, which prevents flooding during rainy seasons.

A vehicle bridge was built for exclusive access to new passengers check-in areas entrances F1, F2 and F3, where domestic and international airlines arrive and depart. New international check-in areas were built on terminal's upper level, on a surface area of 5,600 square metres (60,000 sq ft). To facilitate traveler entry into final waiting areas located in Module XI (gates 29 to 36), a new checkpoint was opened. It was call "Julieta" (J), and was located near the new check-in areas F1, F2 and F3.

A new Immigration area (M2) was built in the lower level. This space have 24 Immigration modules, with light-up indicators to facilitate arriving travelers' entry into airport facilities. This area has wide-open spaces for travelers coming from North America, Asia and Europe. Kiosks for the Viajero Confiable program (the Mexican equivalent to Global Entry) are also located in the immigration halls in both terminals 1 and 2.

The international baggage claim area was expanded by 100%, with the installation of 6 new carousels that help passengers get their baggage in less time and prevent crowding.

The Customs area grew from 3,350 square metres (36,100 sq ft) to 6,200 square metres (67,000 sq ft) and the number of inspection modules grew from 10 to 18. New revision modules are located in the new international departures area. which connects directly with the new taxi boarding area.

Among other works performed in the international area, a long-distance bus terminal was built with connections to Puebla, Cuernavaca, Pachuca, Toluca, Querétaro y Orizaba. The new bus station has access to a food court and the international arrivals and departures area, as well as a pedestrian bridge that connects to "The Peñón de los Baños" neighborhood.

On November 15, 2007, Terminal 2 was opened, significantly increasing the airport's capacity. All SkyTeam members moved their operations to the new terminal, except Air France and KLM. It was officially inaugurated in March 2008, once the new road accesses and taxiways were finished. Terminal 2 increased the airport's contact positions by 40% and the operational capacity by 15%.

Lack of capacity and slot restriction[edit]

The airport as seen from an aircraft in 2011.

The airport has suffered from a lack of capacity due to restrictions on expansion, since it is located in a densely populated area. Some analysts have reported that if the airport had grown at the same speed as demand, it would now serve over 40 million passengers annually. The main issue with the airport is the limitation that its two runways provide, since they are used at 97.3% of their maximum capacity, leaving a very short room for new operations into the airport. Only government, military, commercial, and specially authorized aircraft are allowed to land at the airport. Private aircraft must use alternate airports, such as Lic. Adolfo López Mateos International Airport in Toluca, General Mariano Matamoros Airport in Cuernavaca, or Hermanos Serdán International Airport in Puebla. Even with the inauguration of the new Terminal 2 in 2007, the airport would be ideally designed to serve around 18 million passengers per year, according to international standards for runway and terminal usage. Instead, the airport will keep increasing the number of passengers from around 26 million passengers in 2008 at a rate of 16% per year.

To relieve the demand on Benito Juarez Airport, the Mexican Government laid the groundwork for a new airport to be built on the outskirts of Mexico City. After decades of planning a $2.3 billion airport, peasant farmers who owned the property where the airport was proposed, took several hostages into their hands, refusing to give up their land at any cost.[citation needed]

Future expansions[edit]

A new Master Plan will be presented by President Enrique Peña Nieto in late 2014. Zaha Hadid Architects, Foster + Partners, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill are among seven practices shortlisted to design the new of Mexico City Airport. The new complex will provide the vast transport hub with extra capacity programmed to accommodate 40 million people annual passengers. The other high profile-offices include Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners, Gensler, TAX Arquitectura and Pascall + Watson. The proposal is set to be done by 2018 with four parallel runways. By 2030 it will have set 6 runways.

Terminals and facilities[edit]

Terminal layout before T2
Terminal layout after T2 was built
External façade of Terminal 2.
Terminal 2 - Departures waiting area.
Terminal 2 Hall L2 in the foreground, Hall L1 in the far background.
Terminal 2 Hall L3 entrance.
Terminal 2 Hall L3 Check-in counters.

Terminals[edit]

Mexico City International Airport has two passenger terminals. Terminal 1 is separated from Terminal 2 by the runways.

Terminal 1[edit]

  • Opened in 1958; expanded in 1970, 1989, 1998, 2000 and 2004
  • Overall terminal surface: 542,000 m2 (5,830,000 sq ft)
  • Contact positions: 33
  • Remote positions: 17 (34 Before New T2 was built)
  • Number of jetways: 33
  • Number of airside halls: 10 (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J)
  • Number of landside (check-in) halls: 9 (A1, A2, B, C, D, D1, F1, F2, F3)
  • Number of mobile-lounges: 11 (A7-A, A7-B, A7-C, A9-A, A9-B, A9-C, A9-D, A9-E, F19-A, F19-C, F19-D)
  • Hotel service:
    • 600 rooms Camino Real
    • 288 rooms Courtyard
    • 327 rooms Fiesta Inn by Fiesta Americana (Located across from Terminal 1)
    • 110 rooms Hilton
  • Parking service: 3,100 vehicles (Domestic), 2,400 vehicles (International)
  • Space per passenger in T1: 17 m2 (180 sq ft)
  • Number of baggage claim carousels: 22
  • Premium Lounges in T1:

Terminal 1 is currently the largest airport terminal in the Americas and the fourth largest in the world.


Terminal 2[edit]

  • Opened in 2007
  • Overall terminal surface: 288,000 m2 (3,100,000 sq ft)
  • Contact positions: 23
  • Remote positions: 18 (Aeromar and Aeroméxico Connect)
  • Number of jetways: 23
  • Number of airside halls: 2 (Domestic, International)
  • Number of landside (check-in) halls: 3 (L1, L2, L3)
  • Hotel service:
    • 287 rooms NH
  • Parking service: 3,000 vehicles
  • Space per passenger in T2: 22 m2 (240 sq ft)
  • Number of baggage claim carousels: 15
  • Premium Lounges in T2:
    • Club Diamante (Aeromar)
    • Salón Premier (Aeroméxico)
    • Salón Premier Internacional T2 (Aeroméxico)
    • Riedel Wine Room (Aeroméxico)
    • Travel Pass Elite Lounge (Banamex/Citibank)
    • Centurion American Express Lounge (American Express)
  • Platform surface: 426,000 m2 (4,590,000 sq ft)
  • Inter-terminal Aerotrén capacity: 7,800 daily passengers


Terminal 2 was built over a surface area of 242,666.55m² and has modern security systems, in accordance with international standards including a passenger traffic separation systems. The new facility will help AICM increase its capacity to 32 million passengers per year.

Air operations in the new facilities began on November 15, 2007, with flights by Aeromar and Delta Air Lines, and later AeroMéxico, Copa, LAN and Continental Airlines. Terminal 2 was formally inaugurated by former Presidente Felipe Calderón Hinojosa on March 26, 2008.

These projects were done without affecting airplane takeoffs and departures, and will help Mexico City International Airport offer better services, and respond to the growing demand of passengers and operations in the coming years.

Terminal 2 is now housing all Aeroméxico flights out of the airport, becoming the airline's main distribution center. Although the terminal was intended to be served by all-SkyTeam member airlines, Air France and KLM decided to remain at Terminal 1.

Other facilities[edit]

Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, a government-owned corporation that operates airports in Mexico, has its headquarters on the airport property.[7] The Aeromar headquarters are located in Hangar 7 in Zone D of the General Aviation Terminal of the airport.[8][9] Aviacsa had its headquarters in Hangar 1 in Zone C.[10]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Terminal 2 - AeroMéxico aircraft parked at North Concourse. AeroMéxico is the largest carrier operating at Benito Juárez Airport.
AeroMéxico 777-200ER arriving from Shanghai.
Air France Boeing 747-400 arriving from Charles de Gaulle airport.
KLM Boeing 747-400 at Benito Juárez airport from Schiphol.
British Airways Boeing 747-400 landing from London.
Iberia Airbus 340-600 taxiing at the airport.
Lufthansa 747-400. Lufthansa connects Munich and Frankfurt from MEX.
Copa Airlines Boeing 737-800 taking off to Panama City.
American Airlines Boeing 737-800. The airline operates 70 flights per week to 3 destinations in the US.
AeroMéxico Connect Embraer 190 taxiing with T2 in the background. Connect operates the most destinations from the airport (47).
Interjet aircraft parked at the side of T1. Interjet links the airport with 44 destinations within Mexico and other 5 countries.
Volaris Airbus 320 landing at Benito Juárez airport.

The airport connects 51 domestic and 50 international destinations in Latin America, North America, Europe and Asia. Its most prominent foreign airlines are United Airlines, combined with ExpressJet Airlines traffic, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines and Avianca Holdings. Other airlines with a presence on a lesser scale include Copa Airlines, Iberia, Lufthansa, Air France and US Airways.

In terms of international passengers MEX is the third-busiest airport in Latin America (behind only São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport & Cancún International Airport).

Aeroméxico/Aeroméxico Connect operates the most departures from the airport followed by Interjet, Volaris, and Aeromar. Aeroméxico also operates to the most destinations followed by Interjet. In peak season, Iberia and Air France operate the most trans-Atlantic flights (28 flights per week) with nonstop service to Madrid and Paris. As a foreign airline, Lufthansa operates the most destinations in Europe (2). Aeroméxico operates 2 trans-Pacific flights to destinations in China and Japan. As American carrier, United Airlines serves the most destinations in the US (7). Air Canada serves the most destinations in Canada (2), while AeroMéxico serves the most destinations to Central and South America (12).

This table lists passengers flights served with a nonstop or direct flight with no change of aircraft carrying passengers originating in Mexico City according to the airlines' published schedules, unless otherwise noted.

Airlines Destinations Terminal/
Concourse
Aeromar Acapulco, Ciudad Victoria, Colima, Durango, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Lázaro Cárdenas, Manzanillo, Matamoros, Morelia, Piedras Negras, Poza Rica, Puerto Escondido, San Luis Potosí, Tepic, Veracruz, Xalapa
Summer seasonal: Huatulco
2Note 1
Aeromar Austin, McAllen 2 North
Aeroméxico Bogotá, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cancún, Caracas, Chicago-O'Hare, Guadalajara, Havana, Las Vegas, Lima, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Miami, Monterrey, Montréal-Trudeau, New York-JFK, Orlando, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Quito, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Shanghai-Pudong, Tijuana, Tokyo-Narita, Washington-Dulles
Seasonal: Houston-Intercontinental
Winter seasonal: Denver, Fresno, Sacramento
2 North
Aeroméxico Acapulco, Cancún, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Culiacán, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Mazatlán, Mérida, Mexicali, Monterrey, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Villahermosa
Seasonal: Aguascalientes, Ciudad Juárez, Huatulco, León/El Bajío, Morelia, Oaxaca, Reynosa, Tapachula, Veracruz
2 South
Aeroméxico Connect Dallas/Fort Worth, Guatemala City, Houston-Intercontinental, Mérida, Miami, San Antonio, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador 2 North
Aeroméxico Connect Acapulco, Aguascalientes, Campeche, Cancún, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Culiacán, Durango, Guadalajara, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, León/El Bajío, Los Mochis, Manzanillo, Matamoros, Mazatlán, Mérida, Mexicali, Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos, Monterrey, Morelia, Nuevo Laredo, Oaxaca, Poza Rica, Puerto Vallarta, Reynosa, Saltillo, San José del Cabo, San Luis Potosí, Tampico, Tapachula, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz, Villahermosa, Zacatecas 2 South
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver 1-F1
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1-F1
AirTran Airways
operated by Southwest Airlines
Orange County, San Antonio (all end November 1, 2014) 1-F3
Alaska Airlines Los Angeles 1-F1
American Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami 1-F3
Avianca Bogotá 1-F3
Avianca Costa Rica San José de Costa Rica 1-F3
Avianca El Salvador San Salvador 1-F3
Avianca Peru Lima 1-F3
Avianca Peru
operated by Avianca El Salvador
Lima
Seasonal: San Salvador
1-F3
British Airways London-Heathrow 1-F3
Copa Airlines Panama City 2 North
Copa Airlines Colombia Bogotá 2 North
Cubana de Aviación Havana 1-F3
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, New York-JFK, Salt Lake City (resumes December 20, 2014)[11] 2 North
Iberia Madrid 1-F3
Interjet Acapulco, Aguascalientes, Campeche, Cancún, Chetumal, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Cozumel, Culiacán, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, León/El Bajío, Manzanillo, Mazatlán, Mérida, Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos, Monterrey, Oaxaca, Palenque, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, Reynosa, San José del Cabo, San Luis Potosí, Tampico, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz, Villahermosa, Zacatecas 1-B
Interjet Bogotá, Guatemala City, Havana, Miami, New York-JFK, San Antonio, San José de Costa Rica 1-F2
KLM Amsterdam 1-F1
LAN Airlines Santiago de Chile 2 North
LAN Perú Lima 2 North
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1-F1
Magnicharters Cancún, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Mérida, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo 1-D
Southwest Airlines Orange County, San Antonio (all begin November 2, 2014) 1-F3
TAM Airlines São Paulo-Guarulhos 1-F2
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles 1-F1
United Express
operated by ExpressJet Airlines
Houston-Intercontinental 1-F1
US Airways Charlotte, Phoenix 1-F3
VivaAerobus Cancún, Ciudad Juárez (resumes September 29, 2014), Guadalajara, Mazatlán, Monterrey, Puerto Escondido, Reynosa, Torreón/Gómez Palacio
Summer seasonal: Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo
1-D1
Volaris Cancún, Chihuahua, Ciudad Juárez, Culiacán, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, La Paz, Mazatlán, Mérida, Mexicali, Monterrey, Oaxaca, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo, Tijuana, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Villahermosa
Seasonal: Los Mochis, Tampico (begins September 8, 2014)
1-D
Volaris Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Orlando, San Diego
Seasonal: Oakland
1-F1
Notes
  • ^1 Aeromar has remote positions, just north of Terminal 2.

Other services.

In addition to the scheduled airlines above, Mexico City airport is used by some further airlines for chartered flights including:



Countries served by flights from Benito Juárez Airport.

Cargo airlines[edit]

Air France Cargo is the most important foreign cargo carrier at MEX by number of frecuencies.
Cargolux Boeing 74F landing at the airport.
ABX Air Boeing 76F parked at Cargo facilities.
Aerounión Airbus 300B4-203F on final approach at Benito Juárez airport.
Atlas Air Boeing 74F taking off to Huntsville, Alabama.

As of April 2014, Mexico City airport is served by 16 cargo airlines flying directly to Europe, Central, North and South America, Middle East and East Asia. Over 376,000 metric tonnes pass through the airport in 2013, making it the third busiest by cargo traffic in Latin America, after El Dorado International Airport in Bogotá and Guarulhos International Airport in São Paulo. Most passenger airlines, such as AeroMéxico and KLM use the airport to carry hold cargo on passenger flights, though most cargo is transported by all-cargo airlines. The following airlines operate the following scheduled destinations.

Airlines Destinations
ABX Air Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Guadalajara, Los Angeles
Aeromar Fast Paq see Aeromar destinations
Aeroméxico Cargo see Aeroméxico destinations
AeroUnion Chicago-O'Hare, Guadalajara, León/El Bajío, Los Angeles, Monterrey
Air France Cargo Atlanta, Guadalajara, Houston-Intercontinental, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Porto, Zaragoza
Amerijet International Miami
Atlas Air Huntsville
Avianca Cargo Bogotá
Cargolux Dallas/Fort Worth, Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, New York-JFK
Cargolux Italia
operated by Cargolux
Milan-Malpensa
Cathay Pacific Cargo Anchorage, Guadalajara, Hong Kong, Los Angeles
Centurion Air Cargo Seasonal: Guadalajara, Los Angeles, Miami
DHL de Guatemala Seasonal: Guatemala City
Emirates SkyCargo Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Frankfurt, Houston-Intercontinental, Tripoli, Zaragoza
Estafeta Air Cargo San Luis Potosí, Villahermosa
Seasonal: Mérida
IAG Cargo Madrid
Lufthansa Cargo Chicago O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Guadalajara, New York-JFK
MasAir Bogotá, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Campinas-Viracopos, Caracas, Guadalajara, Guayaquil, Lima, Los Angeles, Manaus, Medellín-Córdova, Mérida, Miami, Quito, Santiago de Chile
Qatar Airways Cargo Atlanta, Doha, Houston-Intercontinental, Liège, Luxembourg[12]
UPS Airlines Louisville
Volaris Cargo see Volaris destinations

Airlines providing on-demand cargo services

Traffic statistics[edit]

In 2013, Benito Juárez was the busiest airport in Latin America by aircraft movements with 20.87% more operations than El Dorado International Airport in Bogotá[13] and 38.14% more than Guarulhos Airport in São Paulo.[14] For the 12-month period ending June 30, 2014, the airport had 401,602 aircraft operations, an average of 1,100 operations per day.

Cargo [metric tons]
Year Domestic  % change International  % change Total  % change
2014
(Jan. - July)
38,111.98 Increase 8.46 185,717.48 Increase 2.59 223,829.46 Increase 3.55
2013 63,678.54 Decrease 19.05 312,911.31 Decrease 1.71 376,589.85 Decrease 5.15
2012 78,666.10 Decrease 4.01 318,351.98 Decrease 3.38 397,018.08 Decrease 3.51
2011 81,953.37 Decrease 3.41 329,502.22 Increase 6.90 411,455.59 Increase 4.68
2010 84,846.88 Increase 1.01 308,228.992 Increase 29.98 393,075.87 Increase 22.40
2009 83,999.43 Decrease 13.47 237,134.01 Decrease 15.01 321,133.44 Decrease 14.61
2008 97,070.08 - 279,025.63 - 376,095.71 -

1990 onwards[edit]

Mexico City Airport passengers totals 1990–2013 (millions)
Updated: May 31, 2014.













Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest domestic routes (YE June 2014)[16]
Rank
Airport
Passengers
Rank change
% Change YoY
Carriers
1 Cancún, Quintana Roo 3,377,642 Steady Increase 5.03 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobus, Volaris
2 Monterrey, Nuevo León 2,558,571 Steady Increase 7.34 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
3 Guadalajara, Jalisco 2,293,553 Steady Increase 6.90 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
4 Tijuana, Baja California 1,272,495 Steady Increase 9.16 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
5 Mérida, Yucatán 1,102,460 Steady Increase 12.65 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, Volaris
6 Villahermosa, Tabasco 739,655 Steady Increase 6.78 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
7 Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas 707,458 Steady Increase 8.83 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
8 Hermosillo, Sonora 576,540 Steady Decrease 1.16 Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris
9 Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco 564,434 Increase 1 Increase 13.47 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobus
10 Chihuahua, Chihuahua 530,284 Decrease 1 Increase 0.46 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
11 Veracruz, Veracruz 524,823 Steady Increase 11.13 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
12 Culiacán, Sinaloa 464,157 Steady Increase 10.02 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
13 Los Cabos, Baja California Sur 439,256 Steady Increase 4.58 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobus, Volaris
14 Tampico, Tamaulipas 404,026 Steady Increase 0.37 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
15 Acapulco, Guerrero 388,585 Increase 3 Increase 23.54 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
16 Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua 380,637 Increase 1 Increase 7.81 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
17 Bahías de Huatulco, Oaxaca 378,424 Decrease 2 Decrease 0.68 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni
18 Oaxaca, Oaxaca 378,082 Decrease 2 Increase 6.74 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
19 Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Coahuila 374,937 Steady Increase 20.84 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus
20 Ciudad del Carmen, Campeche 329,805 Steady Increase 14.75 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
21 Mazatlán, Sinaloa 319,838 Increase 3 Increase 31.20 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
22 Reynosa, Tamaulipas 314,082 Increase 1 Increase 24.28 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, VivaAerobus
23 Mexicali, Baja California 277,991 Decrease 2 Decrease 0.59 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Volaris
24 La Paz, Baja California Sur 268,715 Decrease 1 Increase 2.86 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
25 León/El Bajío, Guanajuato 266,662 Steady Increase 15.37 Aeroméxico Connect
26 Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes 249,026 Increase 1 Increase 38.62 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
27 Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Guerrero 213,688 Decrease 1 Increase 4.18 Aeromar, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni
28 Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz 211,303 Increase 1 Increase 54.47 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
29 Campeche, Campeche 188,624 Increase 1 Increase 40.94 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
30 Durango, Durango 168,534 Decrease 2 Increase 10.31 Aeromar, Aeroméxico Connect




Busiest international routes (YE June 2014)
Rank
City or Metropolitan Area (Airports)
Passengers
Rank change
% change
YoY
Carriers
1 Los Angeles (LAX) & (Orange County), USA 940,997 Steady Increase 10.60 Aeroméxico, AirTran Airways, Alaska Airlines, United Airlines, Volaris
2 New York (JFK) & (Newark), USA Note 2 738,029 Increase 1 Increase 7.34 Aeroméxico, Delta Air Lines, Interjet, United Airlines
3 Miami, USA 701,213 Decrease 1 Decrease 2.72 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, American Airlines, Interjet
4 Houston (Intercontinental), USA 671,702 Steady Increase 12.24 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, ExpressJet Airlines, United Airlines
5 Bogotá, Colombia 542,116 Increase3 Increase 34.47 Aeroméxico, Avianca, Copa Airlines Colombia, Interjet
6 Madrid, Spain 507,291 Steady Increase 8.38 Aeroméxico, Iberia
7 Dallas/Fort Worth, USA 506,372 Decrease 2 Increase 6.87 Aeroméxico Connect, American Airlines
8 Chicago (O'Hare), USA 430,916 Increase 1 Increase 18.85 Aeroméxico, American Airlines, United Airlines, Volaris
9 Atlanta, USA 428,111 Increase 1 Increase 20.11 Delta Air Lines
10 Paris (Charles de Gaulle), France 412,856 Decrease 3 Decrease 3.12 Aeroméxico, Air France
11 Lima, Peru 378,985 Increase 2 Increase 16.08 Aeroméxico, Avianca Peru, LAN Perú
12 Panama City, Panama 372,364 Decrease 1 Increase 6.25 Copa Airlines
13 San Francisco (SFO) & (Oakland), USA 324,925 Increase 1 Increase 34.43 Aeroméxico, United Airlines
14 São Paulo (Guarulhos), Brazil 322,026 Increase 1 Increase 16.05 Aeroméxico, TAM Airlines
15 San Antonio, USA 309,896 Decrease 3 Decrease 7.74 Aeroméxico Connect, AirTran Airways, Interjet
16 Las Vegas, USA 308,271 Decrease 2 Increase 5.61 Aeroméxico, Volaris
17 Havana, Cuba 254,310 Increase 2 Increase 9.15 Aeroméxico, Cubana de Aviación, Interjet
18 Frankfurt, Germany 236,932 Increase 1 Increase 9.60 Lufthansa
19 San José, Costa Rica 235,067 Decrease 3 Decrease 5.84 Aeroméxico, Avianca Costa Rica, Interjet
20 Guatemala City, Guatemala 231,031 Steady Steady Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
21 Amsterdam, Netherlands 191,905 Increase 1 Increase 3.65 KLM
22 Santiago, Chile 190,234 Decrease 1 Increase 0.98 Aeroméxico, LAN Airlines
23 Orlando, USA 181,385 Steady Increase 18.20 Aeroméxico, Volaris
24 London (Heathrow), United Kingdom 179,028 Increase 2 Increase 32.19 Aeroméxico, British Airways
25 Buenos Aires (Ezeiza), Argentina 149,491 Steady Increase 3.82 Aeroméxico
26 Phoenix, USA 147,869 Decrease 2 Decrease 2.15 US Airways
27 San Salvador, El Salvador 140,303 Increase 2 Increase 22.72 Aeroméxico Connect, Avianca El Salvador
28 Washington (Dulles), USA 139,382 Steady Increase 7.31 Aeroméxico, United Airlines
29 Toronto (Pearson), Canada 136,025 Decrease 2 Increase 2.13 Air Canada
30 Detroit, USA 106,664 Steady Increase 46.95 Delta Air Lines
Notes
  • ^2 Official statistics include JFK and Newark airports.

Inter-terminal transportation[edit]

Mexico City airport inter-terminal transit with Terminal 2 in background.

Terminal 1 is connected to Terminal 2 by the Aerotrén monorail system in which only connecting passengers with hand baggage are allowed to use with their boarding pass. Technical and cabin crew can also use it. Normal operation hours are from 5:00 am to 11:00 pm, every day of the year, and the first run always begins from T2 to T1; the last run of the day is to T2. The distance between the terminals is 3 km (1.9 mi). and the Airtrain's speed is 45 km/h (28 mph). The Airtrain journey, once the doors are fully closed therefore takes approximately 4 minutes and 40 seconds between stations in both directions. Also, if you arrive as a train is leaving the maximum waiting period for the next train is 11 minutes. Also there is a land service between terminals called "inter-terminal transportation". These buses are located at entrance no. 6 of Terminal 1 and entrance no. 4 of Terminal 2.

Airport lounges[edit]

  • Terminal 1 (AeroMéxico Salón Premier Internacional, American Airlines Admiral's Club, American Express Lounge, Centurion Club, Despegar.com Lounge, HQ VIP Lounge, HSBC Lounge, Iberia VIP Lounge (Iberia/British Airways), Televisa VIP Lounge, United Club [United Airlines].)
  • Terminal 2 (Club Diamante [Aeromar], Salón Premier, Salón Premier Internacional and Riedel Wine Room [AeroMéxico], Travel Pass Elite Lounge [Banamex/CitiBank] and Centurion American Express Lounge.)

Ground transportation[edit]

Metro and bus services[edit]

Terminal 1 is served by the Terminal Aérea Metro station, which belongs to Line 5 of the subway, running from Pantitlán station to Politécnico station. It is located just outside the national terminal. Also, trolley bus line G runs from the bus stop next to the Metro to Boulevard Puerto Aéreo station 1.7 km (1.1 mi) away, allowing transfer to Metro Line 1 (one can also take line 5 to Pantitlán and change to line 1, which is a geographical detour). Terminal 2 does not have any Metro station, but is a 700 m (2,300 ft) walk from Pantitlán served by Metro lines 1, 5, 9, A and numerous local buses.

Terminals 1 and 2 have two land terminals operating 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Different bus lines operate from here [1], and provide continuous transportation services to the main cities located around Mexico City, such as Córdoba, Cuernavaca, Pachuca, Puebla, Querétaro, Tlaxcala and Toluca. The Terminal 1 land terminal is located in front of the international area vehicular ramp and its facilities include various services for the comfort of the passengers. Among others, it offers VIP lounges, internet, resting, reading and meeting halls. The Terminal 2 land terminal is located at gate D, between entrance 4 and the national arrival passenger exit, and its facilities include resting halls and a fast food area.

Metrobús[edit]

In late 2010, former Head of Government of the Federal District Marcelo Ebrard announced a plan to build a new Metrobús Line 4 that would run from near Buenavista Station in the west of the city towards Mexico City airport. Construction on Line 4 started on July 4, 2011. The plans for Line 4 include a two step construction process with the first 28 km (17 mi) operational segment to be built between Buenavista and Metro San Lázaro. An extension provides travel between San Lázaro and the airport. The line opened on April 1, 2012.

Service Destinations [departing from the airport] Operator
Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 4.svg Metro San Lázaro, TAPO bus station, Historic Centre, Metro Buenavista, Buenavista Station Metrobus Mexico.svg Metrobús, a government-owned corporation.

Authorized taxis[edit]

Taxis are in operation in Terminals 1 and 2 and there are two models of service: Ordinary service in a sedan type vehicle for 4 passengers. Executive service in 8 passengers vans. At present there are 5 taxi groups in operation. These are the only taxis authorized by the Ministry of Communications and Transport (SCT) of the Federal Government. The Terminal 1 taxi boarding areas are located at entrances 1 and 10; and in Terminal 2, boarding areas are located at entrances 3 and 4. Taxi rates are registered under the SCT and include passenger insurance, civil liability and medical expenses for all occupants. To receive the taxi service you must purchase the corresponding ticket previously at the authorized sale points located within the airport. These taxis tend to be more expensive than others.

Car Rental[edit]

  • Europcar
  • Executive Car Rental
  • Fox Rent a Car

Parking[edit]

T1 National parking lot is located on Av. Capitán Carlos León in front of entrances 1 and 2 of the terminal building, in the national arrivals zone. It has the capacity of 1,971 vehicles which are permanently monitored by a modern security and surveillance system, by way of closed circuit TV cameras. T1 International parking lot is located on Av. Capitán Carlos León in front of the international area of the terminal building, on one side of the long-distance bus terminal. It has a capacity of 2,106 vehicles. An additional parking option for Terminal 1 airport users is Parking Lot 06, located on Sonora street in front of the taxi rank. Because of its location, it is a useful alternative for those visiting the airport customs, loading area, customs agencies and some airline offices. The new AICM Terminal 2 parking lot is located on one side of the Terminal's great central patio. It has the capacity of 2,437 vehicles.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 10 April 1968, Douglas R4D-3 XA-GEV of Aerovías Rojas crashed on approach, killing all eighteen people on board. The aircraft was operating a domestic scheduled passenger flight, which was the airline's inaugural flight from Aguascalientes International Airport to Mexico City.[18]
  • On October 31, 1979, Western Airlines Flight 2605 crash-landed. The crew of the DC-10 had landed on the wrong runway and the jetliner hit construction vehicles that were on the closed runway. There were 78 fatalities (including one on the ground) and 14 survivors.
  • On 12 December 1981, a bomb exploded inside the passenger cabin of a parked Aeronica Boeing 727-100(registered YN-BXW) at Mexico City International Airport, tearing a hole into the fuselage. The captain, two flight attendants and a ground worker were injured. They had been on board the aircraft for pre-departure checks for a scheduled passenger flight to San Salvador and onwards to Managua Augusto C. Sandino International Airport.
  • An Aero California DC-9-15 overran in 2006, during an intense storm at the airport. There were no victims, but the aircraft was scrapped. However, a woman died later due to a heart attack.[citation needed]
  • On November 4, 2008 An official Mexican Interior Ministry LearJet 45 crashed on approach around 18:45 local time. On board were Mexican Secretary of the Interior Juan Camilo Mouriño, who was top aide to President Felipe Calderón. Mouriño was in charge of the fight against the drug trade in Mexico. Also on board was José Luis Santiago Vasconcelos, former assistant attorney general and current head of the federal technical secretariat for implementing the recent constitutional reforms on criminal justice and public security. All seven on board perished along with six others on the ground. 40 others on the ground were injured. The crash was attributed to the pilot error.
  • On September 9, 2009, hijacked Aeroméxico Flight 576 landed at Mexico City International Airport from Cancún International Airport.
  • On September 13, 2009, Lufthansa Cargo McDonnell-Douglas MD-11 D-ALCO was damaged in a heavy landing. Post landing inspection revealed that there were wrinkles in the fuselage skin and the nose gear was bent.[19] According to a Lufthansa spokesman, the aircraft will be repaired and returned into full service.[20]
  • On June 25, 2012, two federal police officers who were stationed at the airport opened fire at colleagues who were surrounding them and were about to arrest them after an investigation showed they were involved in drug trafficking offenses. Two federal police officers were killed at the scene and a third officer died later at a local hospital. The suspects were able to flee the scene, but their identities are known. Operations at the airport were not affected.[21]
  • On October 29, 2012, an Interjet Flight 2953 made an emergency landing at San Antonio International Airport after suffering engine sputtering problems, caused by a bird strike. The plane had been scheduled to land in Mexico City but had to return to the airport around 10 a.m. The plane landed safely, and there were no fatalities.[22][23][24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Benito Juárez International airport - Economic and social impacts". Ecquants. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ Airport information for MMMX at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  3. ^ Airport information for MEX at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
  4. ^ "Airport official website". AICM. 
  5. ^ "ASA's airport network (In Spanish)". ASA. July 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  6. ^ "BEGIN SERVICE IN THE AICM T2: Aeromexico, Aeromexico Connect, COPA & LAN (In Spanish)". Mexico City International Airport. Retrieved January 25, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Home." Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares. Retrieved on December 20, 2011. "Av.602 No.161 Col.Zona Federal Aeropuerto Internacional Ciudad de México Delegación Venustiano Carranza, C.P.15620, México D.F."
  8. ^ "Directory: World Airlines." Flight International. March 16–22, 2004. 50. "Hangar 7, Zona "D", Terminal de Aviacion General, Col Federal, Mexico DF, 15620, Mexico"
  9. ^ "DIRECTORIO DE OFICINAS DE VENTAS." Aeromar. August 16, 2007. 3/7. "CORPORATIVO MEXICO Hangar No. 1 Zona "D" Col. Federal 15620 México, D. F."
  10. ^ "Directorio." Aviacsa. Retrieved on January 23, 2011. "DIRECCIÓN COMERCIAL Hangar 1, Zona "C", Col. Aviación Gral. [...] Aeropuerto Int. de la Cd. de México. C.P. 15520"
  11. ^ "DELTA Resumes Salt Lake City - Mexico City Service from late-Dec 2014". Airline Route. 4 August 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  12. ^ http://www.qatarairways.com/english_global/press-release.page?pr_id=pressrelease_cargomexico
  13. ^ http://www.aerocivil.gov.co/AAeronautica/Estadisticas/TAereo/EOperacionales/BolPubAnte/Paginas/BolMensTraficoAerop.aspx
  14. ^ http://www.gru.com.br/en-us/Gru-Airport-Institucional/Statistics
  15. ^ "Statistics Mexico City Airport". Mexico City International Airport. Retrieved January 25, 2010. 
  16. ^ http://www.sct.gob.mx/transporte-y-medicina-preventiva/aeronautica-civil/estadistica/
  17. ^ http://www.sct.gob.mx/transporte-y-medicina-preventiva/aeronautica-civil-/estadistica/
  18. ^ "XA-GEV Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 July 2011. 
  19. ^ "Accident: Lufthansa Cargo MD11 at Mexico City on Sep 13th 2009, hard landing". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 11 October 2009. 
  20. ^ "Lufthansa Cargo wird D-ALCO in Stand setzen". aero.de/Aviation Media & IT. Retrieved 24 October 2009. (German)
  21. ^ "Rogue police officers kill 3 colleagues at Mexico City airport". BNO News. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2012. 
  22. ^ "Passengers Stranded After Bird Strikes Plane's Engine". 29 October 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  23. ^ "FlightAware ✈ Live Flight Tracker ✈ Interjet (4O) #2953 ✈ 28-Oct-2012 ✈ KSAT - MMMX / MEX Flight Tracker". Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  24. ^ Ley, Ana (29 October 2012). "Plane makes emergency landing in S.A.". Retrieved 29 October 2012. 

External links[edit]