Benito Juárez International Airport

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Benito Juarez International Airport
Aeropuerto Internacional Benito Juárez
Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México (logo).jpg
Benitojuarezarptaerial.jpg
Mexico City International Airport as seen from a satellite before the construction of Terminal 2.
IATA: MEXICAO: MMMX
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Grupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México
Operator Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares
Serves Mexico City, Mexico
Location Venustiano Carranza, D.F.
Hub for
Focus city for

Passenger

Cargo

Elevation AMSL 7,316 ft / 2,230 m
Coordinates 19°26′10″N 099°04′19″W / 19.43611°N 99.07194°W / 19.43611; -99.07194Coordinates: 19°26′10″N 099°04′19″W / 19.43611°N 99.07194°W / 19.43611; -99.07194
Website www.aicm.com.mx
Map
MEX is located in Mexico City
MEX
MEX
Location within Mexico City
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05R/23L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
05L/23R 3,952 12,966 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Aircraft movements 396,567
Increase 5.0%
Passengers 31,534,638
Increase 6.9%
International Passengers 10,634,444
Increase 8.4%
Cargo tonnage 376,589.85
Decrease 5.15%
Source: DAFIF[1][2]
Statistics: Airport website,[3]

Benito Juárez International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Benito Juárez), (IATA: MEXICAO: MMMX) is a commercial airport that serves Mexico City, the capital of Mexico. It is Mexico's busiest airport by both passenger traffic and aircraft movements and is Latin America's second busiest airport by passenger traffic after Guarulhos Airport in São Paulo, Brazil, and the busiest airport by aircraft movements. Although Juárez was not its official name for several decades, it was formally named after the 19th century president Benito Juárez in 2006, and is Mexico's main domestic gateway. The airport is owned by Grupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México and operated by Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, the government-owned corporation, which also operates 21 other airports throughout Mexico. In recent years Toluca Airport has become an alternate airport.

This hot and high airport is served by 30 domestic and international airlines and offers direct flights to more than 100 destinations worldwide. It provides non-stop services from Mexico City to North America, Central America and the Caribbean, South America, Asia and Europe. In 2013, the airport served 31,534,638 passengers, a 6.9% increase compared to 2012. For the 12-month period ending March 31, 2014, the airport handled 32,177,327 passengers. In optimal conditions, and with recent renovations and expansion projects completed, the Benito Juárez airport will be able to handle up to 32 million passengers per year.[4] As the main hub for Mexico's largest airline Aeroméxico and a secondary hub for its subsidiary Aeroméxico Connect, the airport has become a SkyTeam hub. It is also a hub for Aeromar, Interjet, Volaris and a focus city for VivaAerobus.

Location[edit]

Located at the neighborhood of Peñón de los Baños within Venustiano Carranza, one of the sixteen boroughs into which Mexico's Federal District is divided, the airport is 5 km (3.1 mi) east from Downtown Mexico City and is surrounded by the built-up areas of Gustavo A. Madero to the north and Venustiano Carranza to the west, south and east. As the airport is located on the east side of Mexico City and its runways run southwest-northeast, an airliner's landing approach is usually directly over Mexico City.

History[edit]

The airport first opened as Balbuena Military Airport with five runways. The first landing was on November 5, 1928 and regular service started a year later, but was officially inaugurated on May 15, 1931. On July 8, 1943, the Official Gazette of the Federation published a decree that acknowledged Mexico City's Central Airport as an International Airport, capable of managing international arrivals and departures of passengers and aircraft. Its first international route was to Los Angeles International Airport operated by Mexicana. Construction of Runway 05D-23I started six years later, as well as new facilities such as a platform, a terminal building, a control tower and offices for the authorities. The runway started its operations in 1951. On November 19, 1952, President Miguel Alemán opened the terminal, thus becoming a commercial airport.

On December 2, 1963, Walter C. Buchanan, former director of the Transport and Communications Department (SCT), changed the airport's name "Aeropuerto Central" (Central Airport) to "Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México" (Mexico City International Airport). Four decades later, on November 24, 2006, the Official Gazette of the Federation published a decree to rename Mexico's City International Airport "Benito Juárez".

In the 1970s, president Luis Echeverría closed three runways and gave that land to poor people in order to build their homes, leaving just two parallel runways. In 1980, the terminal was expanded to double its capacity, using a single large terminal rather than multiple terminals as in other airports. Ten years later in 1990, the mixed domestic/international gates were separated to increase the terminal's functionality, along with the separation of domestic and international check-in halls.

On November 24, 1978, the "Mexico" Control Tower began its operations; it has been in service since then.

The AICM has continually improved its infrastructure. On August 15, 1979, and after about a year of remodeling works, the terminal building reopened to the public; the airport continued its operations during the renovation, which improved passenger transit with better space distribution in walkways and rooms.

Due to constant growth in demand of both passengers and operations, on January 13, 1994, the Official Gazette of the Federation, published a presidential agreement that prohibited general aviation operations in the AICM, which were moved to Toluca International Airport in order to clear air traffic in the capital's airport.

Renovations to the AICM continued and on April 11, 1994, a new International Terminal building was ready and operational. It was built by a private contractor according to a co-investment agreement with Airports and Auxiliary Services.

In 2001, in order to improve service to passengers, construction for Module XI started. This Module permitted eight new contact positions in the Airport Terminal, capable of receiving eight regular airplanes, two wide-body, or four narrow-body aircraft.

Because of the increasing traffic, president Vicente Fox announced the construction of a new, larger airport on 5,000 ha (12,000 acres) in the municipalities of Texcoco and San Salvador Atenco, but when local violent protests aroused, the new airport was cancelled. Instead, to respond to the growing demand and aiming to position the AICM as one of the greatest in terms of quality, services, security, and operational functionality, on May 30, 2003 the Federal Government announced an update: an extension to the air terminal in order to widen its service capacity from 20 million to 32 million passengers a year. This program was part of the Metropolitan Airport System, promoted by the Federal Administration.

On November 15, 2007, Terminal 2 was opened, significantly increasing the airport's capacity. All SkyTeam members moved their operations to the new terminal, except Air France and KLM. It was officially inaugurated in March 2008, once the new road accesses and taxiways were finished. Terminal 2 increased the airport's contact positions by 40% and the operational capacity by 15%.

Lack of capacity and slot restriction[edit]

The airport as seen from an aircraft in 2011.

The airport has suffered from a lack of capacity due to restrictions on expansion, since it is located in a densely populated area. Some analysts have reported that if the airport had grown at the same speed as demand, it would now serve over 40 million passengers annually. The main issue with the airport is the limitation that its two runways provide, since they are used at 97.3% of their maximum capacity, leaving a very short room for new operations into the airport. Only government, military, commercial, and specially authorized aircraft are allowed to land at the airport. Private aircraft must use alternate airports, such as Lic. Adolfo López Mateos International Airport in Toluca, General Mariano Matamoros Airport in Cuernavaca, or Hermanos Serdán International Airport in Puebla. Even with the inauguration of the new Terminal 2 in 2007, the airport would be ideally designed to serve around 18 million passengers per year, according to international standards for runway and terminal usage. Instead, the airport will keep increasing the number of passengers from around 26 million passengers in 2008 at a rate of 16% per year.

To relieve the demand on Benito Juarez Airport, the Mexican Government laid the groundwork for a new airport to be built on the outskirts of Mexico City. After decades of planning a $2.3 billion airport, peasant farmers who owned the property where the airport was proposed, took several hostages into their hands, refusing to give up their land at any cost.[citation needed]

Terminals and facilities[edit]

Terminal layout before T2
Terminal layout after T2 was built
External façade of Terminal 2.
Terminal 2 - Departures waiting area.

Terminals[edit]

Mexico City International Airport has two passenger terminals. Terminal 1 is separated from Terminal 2 by the runways.

Terminal 1[edit]

  • Opened in 1958; expanded in 1970, 1989, 1998, 2000 and 2004
  • Overall terminal surface: 542,000 m2 (5,830,000 sq ft)
  • Contact positions: 33
  • Remote positions: 17 (34 Before New T2 was built)
  • Number of jetways: 33
  • Number of airside halls: 10 (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J)
  • Number of landside (check-in) halls: 9 (A1, A2, B, C, D, D1, F1, F2, F3)
  • Number of mobile-lounges: 11 (A7-A, A7-B, A7-C, A9-A, A9-B, A9-C, A9-D, A9-E, F19-A, F19-C, F19-D)
  • Hotel service:
    • 600 rooms Camino Real
    • 288 rooms Courtyard
    • 327 rooms Fiesta Inn by Fiesta Americana (Located across from Terminal 1)
    • 110 rooms Hilton
  • Parking service: 3,100 vehicles (Domestic), 2,400 vehicles (International)
  • Space per passenger in T1: 17 m2 (180 sq ft)
  • Number of baggage claim carousels: 22
  • Premium Lounges in T1:

Terminal 1 is currently the largest airport terminal in the Americas and the fourth largest in the world.

Terminal 2[edit]

  • Opened in 2007
  • Overall terminal surface: 288,000 m2 (3,100,000 sq ft)
  • Contact positions: 23
  • Remote positions: 18 (Aeromar and Aeroméxico Connect)
  • Number of jetways: 23
  • Number of airside halls: 2 (Domestic, International)
  • Number of landside (check-in) halls: 3 (L1, L2, L3)
  • Hotel service:
    • 287 rooms NH
  • Parking service: 3,000 vehicles
  • Space per passenger in T2: 22 m2 (240 sq ft)
  • Number of baggage claim carousels: 15
  • Premium Lounges in T2:
    • Club Diamante (Aeromar)
    • Salón Premier (Aeroméxico)
    • Salón Premier Internacional T2 (Aeroméxico)
    • Riedel Wine Room (Aeroméxico)
    • Travel Pass Elite Lounge (Banamex/Citibank)
    • Centurion American Express Lounge (American Express)
  • Platform surface: 426,000 m2 (4,590,000 sq ft)
  • Inter-terminal Aerotrén capacity: 7,800 daily passengers

Terminal 2 is now housing all Aeroméxico flights out of the airport, becoming the airline's main distribution center. Although the terminal was intended to be served by all-SkyTeam member airlines, Air France and KLM decided to remain at Terminal 1.

Other facilities[edit]

Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, a government-owned corporation that operates airports in Mexico, has its headquarters on the airport property.[5] The Aeromar headquarters are located in Hangar 7 in Zone D of the General Aviation Terminal of the airport.[6][7] Aviacsa had its headquarters in Hangar 1 in Zone C.[8]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Terminal 2 Hall L2 in the foreground, Hall L1 in the far background.
Terminal 2 Hall L3 entrance.
Terminal 2 Hall L3 Check-in counters.
Terminal 2 - AeroMéxico aircraft parked at North Concourse. AeroMéxico is the largest carrier operating at Benito Juárez Airport.
AeroMéxico Boeing 777-200ER landing from Shanghai Pudong International Airport.
An Aeromexico Connect Embraer ERJ-145 landing. Connect operates the most destinations from the airport (50).
Viva Aerobus links the airport with 8 destinations within Mexico.
A Volaris A319 parked at Terminal 1 on a rainy day.

In terms of international passengers MEX is the second-busiest airport in Latin America (behind only São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport).

Aeroméxico/Aeroméxico Connect operates the most departures from the airport followed by Interjet, Volaris, and Aeromar. Aeroméxico also operates to the most destinations followed by Interjet. In peak season, Iberia and Air France operate the most trans-Atlantic flights (28 flights per week) with nonstop service to Madrid and Paris. Aeroméxico operates 2 trans-Pacific flights to destinations in China and Japan. As a foreign airline, United Airlines serves the most destinations in the USA (7). Air Canada serves the most destinations in Canada (2), while AeroMéxico serves the most destinations to Central and South America (12).

Airlines Destinations Terminal/
Concourse
Aeromar Acapulco, Ciudad Victoria, Colima, Durango, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Lázaro Cárdenas, Manzanillo, Matamoros, Morelia, Piedras Negras, Poza Rica, Puerto Escondido, Reynosa, San Luis Potosí, Tepic, Veracruz, Xalapa
Summer seasonal: Huatulco
2Note 1
Aeromar Austin, McAllen 2 North
Aeroméxico Atlanta, Bogotá, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cancún, Caracas, Chicago-O'Hare, Guadalajara, Havana, Houston-Intercontinental, Las Vegas, Lima, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Miami, Monterrey, Montréal-Trudeau, New York-JFK, Orlando, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Quito, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão (begins June 30, 2014),[9] San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Shanghai-Pudong, Tijuana, Tokyo-Narita, Washington-Dulles
Winter seasonal: Denver, Fresno, Sacramento
2 North
Aeroméxico Acapulco, Cancún, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Culiacán, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Mérida, Mexicali, Monterrey, Puerto Vallarta, Reynosa, San José del Cabo, Tapachula, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Villahermosa
Seasonal: Aguascalientes, Huatulco, León/El Bajío, Mazatlán, Morelia, Oaxaca, Veracruz
2 South
Aeroméxico Connect Culiacán, Dallas/Fort Worth, Guatemala City, Houston-Intercontinental, Loreto, Los Angeles, Mérida, Miami, San Antonio, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador
Seasonal: Atlanta
2 North
Aeroméxico Connect Acapulco, Aguascalientes, Campeche, Cancún, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Culiacán, Durango, Guadalajara, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, León/El Bajío, Los Mochis, Manzanillo, Matamoros, Mazatlán, Mérida, Mexicali, Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos, Monterrey, Morelia, Nuevo Laredo, Oaxaca, Poza Rica, Puerto Vallarta, Reynosa, Saltillo, San José del Cabo, San Luis Potosí, Tampico, Tapachula, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz, Villahermosa, Zacatecas 2 South
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver 1-F1
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1-F1
AirTran Airways
operated by Southwest Airlines
Orange County, San Antonio 1-F3
Alaska Airlines Los Angeles 1-F1
American Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami 1-F3
Avianca Bogotá
Seasonal: Medellín-Córdova
1-F3
Avianca El Salvador San Salvador 1-F3
Avianca Peru Lima 1-F3
Avianca Peru
operated by Lacsa
Lima
Seasonal: San Salvador
1-F3
Avianca
operated by Lacsa
San José de Costa Rica 1-F3
British Airways London-Heathrow 1-F3
Copa Airlines Panama City 2 North
Copa Airlines Colombia Bogotá 2 North
Cubana de Aviación Havana 1-F3
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, New York-JFK 2 North
Iberia Madrid 1-F3
Interjet Acapulco, Aguascalientes, Campeche, Cancún, Chetumal, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Cozumel, Culiacán, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, León/El Bajío (resumes May 8, 2014), Manzanillo, Mazatlán, Mérida, Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos, Monterrey, Oaxaca, Palenque, Puerto Escondido (begins May 8, 2014), Puerto Vallarta, Reynosa, San José del Cabo, San Luis Potosí (begins May 8, 2014), Tampico, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz, Villahermosa, Zacatecas 1-B
Interjet Bogotá, Guatemala City, Havana, Miami, New York-JFK, Orange County, San Antonio, San José de Costa Rica 1-F2
KLM Amsterdam 1-F1
LAN Airlines Santiago de Chile 2 North
LAN Perú Lima 2 North
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1-F1
Magnicharters Cancún, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Mérida, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo 1-D
TAM Airlines São Paulo-Guarulhos 1-F2
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles 1-F1
United Express
operated by ExpressJet Airlines
Houston-Intercontinental 1-F1
US Airways Charlotte, Phoenix 1-F3
VivaAerobus Cancún, Guadalajara, Mazatlán, Monterrey, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, Reynosa, Torreón/Gómez Palacio
Seasonal: San José del Cabo
1-D1
Volaris Cancún, Chihuahua, Ciudad Juárez, Culiacán, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, La Paz, Mazatlán, Mérida, Mexicali, Monterrey, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo, Tijuana, Tuxtla Gutiérrez 1-D
Volaris Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Orlando, Phoenix, San Diego
Seasonal: Oakland
1-F1
Notes
  • ^1 Aeromar has remote positions, just north of Terminal 2.

Other services.

In addition to the scheduled airlines above, Mexico City airport is used by some further airlines for chartered flights including:

Cargo airlines[edit]

Individuals aircraft spotting from a spot adjacent the taxiways.

As of January 2014, Mexico City airport is served by 15 cargo airlines flying directly to Europe, Central, North and South America and East Asia. Over 376,000 metric tonnes pass through the airport in 2013, making it the third busiest by cargo traffic in Latin America, after El Dorado International Airport in Bogotá and Guarulhos International Airport in São Paulo. Most passenger airlines, such as AeroMéxico and KLM use the airport to carry hold cargo on passenger flights, though most cargo is transported by all-cargo airlines. The following airlines operate the following scheduled destinations.

Airlines Destinations
ABX Air Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Guadalajara, Los Angeles
Aeroméxico Cargo see Aeroméxico destinations
AeroUnion Chicago-O'Hare, Guadalajara, León/El Bajío, Los Angeles, Monterrey
Air France Cargo Atlanta, Guadalajara, Houston-Intercontinental, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Porto, Zaragoza
Amerijet International Miami
Atlas Air Huntsville
Cathay Pacific Cargo Anchorage, Guadalajara, Hong Kong, Los Angeles
Cargolux Atlanta, Dallas/Fort Worth, Guadalajara, Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Luxembourg-Findel, Miami, New York-JFK
Cargolux Italia
operated by Cargolux
Milan-Malpensa
Centurion Cargo Guadalajara, Los Angeles, Miami
DHL de Guatemala Seasonal: Guatemala City
Emirates SkyCargo Copenhagen (begins August 2, 2014), Dubai-Al Maktoum (begins August 2, 2014), Houston-Intercontinental (begins August 2, 2014), Los Angeles (begins August 6, 2014), Zaragoza (begins August 2, 2014)
Estafeta Air Cargo San Luis Potosí, Villahermosa
Seasonal: Mérida
Lufthansa Cargo Chicago O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Guadalajara, New York-JFK
MasAir Bogotá, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Campinas-Viracopos, Caracas, Guadalajara, Guayaquil, Lima, Los Angeles, Manaus, Medellín-Córdova, Mérida, Miami, Quito, Santiago de Chile
Tampa Cargo Bogotá
UPS Airlines Louisville
Volaris Cargo see Volaris destinations

Airlines providing on-demand cargo services

Traffic statistics[edit]

Cargo [metric tons]
Year Domestic  % change International  % change Total  % change
2014
(Jan.-March)
14,715.32 Decrease 3.52 76,844.19 Increase 3.62 91,559.51 Increase 2.40
2013 63,678.54 Decrease 19.05 312,911.31 Decrease 1.71 376,589.85 Decrease 5.15
2012 78,666.10 Decrease 4.01 318,351.98 Decrease 3.38 397,018.08 Decrease 3.51
2011 81,953.37 Decrease 3.41 329,502.22 Increase 6.90 411,455.59 Increase 4.68
2010 84,846.88 Increase 1.01 308,228.992 Increase 29.98 393,075.87 Increase 22.40
2009 83,999.43 Decrease 13.47 237,134.01 Decrease 15.01 321,133.44 Decrease 14.61
2008 97,070.08 - 279,025.63 - 376,095.71 -

Operations[edit]

In 2012, Benito Juárez was the busiest airport in Latin America by aircraft movements with 19.27% more operations than El Dorado International Airport in Bogotá and 37.92% more than Guarulhos Airport in São Paulo. For the 12-month period ending February 28, 2014, the airport had 397,517 aircraft operations, an average of 1,089 operations per day.



Busiest domestic routes (2013)[11]
Rank
Airport
Passengers
Rank change
% Change YoY
Carriers
1 Quintana Roo Cancún, Quintana Roo 3,294,876 Steady Increase 6.17 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobus, Volaris
2 Nuevo León Monterrey, Nuevo León 2,459,905 Steady Increase 3.99 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
3 Jalisco Guadalajara, Jalisco 2,278,217 Steady Increase 12.59 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
4 Baja California Tijuana, Baja California 1,240,630 Steady Increase 13.85 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
5 Yucatán Mérida, Yucatán 1,049,685 Steady Increase 7.59 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, Volaris
6 Tabasco Villahermosa, Tabasco 699,726 Steady Decrease 0.77 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
7 Chiapas Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas 684,258 Steady Increase 5.59 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
8 Sonora Hermosillo, Sonora 573,114 Steady Decrease 3.69 Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris
9 Jalisco Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco 527,390 Increase 1 Increase 13.09 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobus
10 Chihuahua (state) Chihuahua, Chihuahua 522,308 Decrease 1 Decrease 1.48 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
11 Veracruz Veracruz, Veracruz 503,951 Steady Increase 11.13 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
12 Sinaloa Culiacán, Sinaloa 441,084 Increase 1 Increase 4.22 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
13 Baja California Sur Los Cabos, Baja California Sur 432,812 Decrease 1 Increase 1.16 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobus, Volaris
14 Tamaulipas Tampico, Tamaulipas 398,860 Steady Decrease 5.54 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
15 Oaxaca Bahías de Huatulco, Oaxaca 376,000 Steady Decrease 3.66 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni
16 Oaxaca Oaxaca, Oaxaca 364,275 Increase 1 Increase 6.02 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
17 Guerrero Acapulco, Guerrero 360,017 Increase 2 Increase 20.48 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
18 Chihuahua (state) Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua 356,192 Decrease 2 Decrease 5.03 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
19 Coahuila Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Coahuila 342,794 Decrease 1 Increase 14.10 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus
20 Campeche Ciudad del Carmen, Campeche 313,116 Increase 1 Increase 19.67 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
21 Tamaulipas Reynosa, Tamaulipas 287,440 Increase 3 Increase 29.65 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, VivaAerobus
22 Sinaloa Mazatlán, Sinaloa 277,423 Increase 1 Increase 22.23 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
23 Baja California Mexicali, Baja California 271,512 Decrease 3 Decrease 2.39 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Volaris
24 Guanajuato León/El Bajío, Guanajuato 240,961 Decrease 2 Decrease 0.39 Aeroméxico Connect
25 Baja California Sur La Paz, Baja California Sur 238,295 Increase 1 Increase 13.83 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
26 Aguascalientes Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes 214,711 Increase 1 Increase 21.46 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
27 Guerrero Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Guerrero 204,742 Decrease 2 Decrease 3.43 Aeromar, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni
28 Veracruz Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz 171,400 Increase 4 Increase 32.83 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
29 Durango Durango, Durango 158,991 Decrease1 Increase 2.64 Aeromar, Aeroméxico Connect
30 Campeche Campeche, Campeche 157,181 Decrease 1 Increase 14.61 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet




Busiest international routes (2013)
Rank
City or Metropolitan Area (Airports)
Passengers
Rank change
% change
YoY
Carriers
1 United States Los Angeles (LAX) & (Orange County), USA 928,262 Steady Increase 12.23 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, AirTran Airways, Alaska Airlines, Interjet, United Airlines, Volaris
2 United States Miami, USA 717,898 Steady Increase 0.59 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, American Airlines, Interjet
3 United States New York (JFK) & (Newark), USA Note 2 709,507 Steady Increase 10.38 Aeroméxico, Delta Air Lines, Interjet, United Airlines
4 United States Houston (Intercontinental), USA 620,258 Steady Increase 2.37 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, ExpressJet Airlines, United Airlines
5 United States Dallas/Fort Worth, USA 511,575 Increase 2 Increase 26.70 Aeroméxico Connect, American Airlines
6 Spain Madrid, Spain 477,661 Decrease 1 Increase 0.10 Aeroméxico, Iberia
7 Colombia Bogotá, Colombia 469,287 Increase 1 Increase 22.29 Aeroméxico, Avianca, Copa Airlines Colombia, Interjet
8 France Paris (Charles de Gaulle), France 401,738 Decrease 2 Decrease 5.60 Aeroméxico, Air France
9 United States Atlanta, USA 397,903 Increase 1 Increase 24.73 Aeroméxico Connect, Delta Air Lines
10 United States Chicago (O'Hare), USA 382,858 Decrease 1 Increase 1.78 Aeroméxico, American Airlines, United Airlines, Volaris
11 Panama Panama City, Panama 370,485 Steady Increase 16.54 Copa Airlines
12 Peru Lima, Peru 358,416 Increase 1 Increase 20.70 Aeroméxico, Avianca, Lacsa, LAN Perú
13 United States San Antonio, USA 334,193 Decrease 1 Increase 7.52 Aeroméxico Connect, AirTran Airways, Interjet
14 Brazil São Paulo (Guarulhos), Brazil 305,980 Increase 1 Increase 9.76 Aeroméxico, TAM Airlines
15 United States Las Vegas, USA 279,199 Decrease 1 Decrease 3.83 Aeroméxico, Volaris
16 United States San Francisco, USA 269,304 Increase 2 Increase 21.53 Aeroméxico, United Airlines
17 Costa Rica San José, Costa Rica 252,086 Increase 3 Increase 21.60 Aeroméxico, Interjet, Lacsa
18 Cuba Havana, Cuba 248,648 Decrease 1 Increase 11.64 Aeroméxico, Cubana de Aviación, Interjet
19 Germany Frankfurt, Germany 231,666 Steady Increase 7.80 Lufthansa
20 Guatemala Guatemala City, Guatemala 230,925 Decrease 4 Increase 3.25 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
21 Netherlands Amsterdam, Netherlands 188,546 Increase 1 Increase 0.72 KLM
22 Chile Santiago, Chile 181,137 Decrease 1 Decrease 9.58 Aeroméxico, LAN Airlines
23 United States Orlando, USA 168,870 Increase 2 Increase 20.53 Aeroméxico, Volaris
24 United Kingdom London (Heathrow), United Kingdom 167,597 Increase 3 Increase 44.89 Aeroméxico, British Airways
25 United States Phoenix, USA 142,449 Decrease 1 Decrease 8.54 US Airways, Volaris
26 Canada Toronto (Pearson), Canada 136,289 Steady Increase 6.71 Air Canada
27 United States Washington (Dulles), USA 135,603 Increase2 Increase 30.69 Aeroméxico, United Airlines
28 Argentina Buenos Aires (Ezeiza), Argentina 132,437 Decrease 5 Decrease 16.25 Aeroméxico
29 Flag of El Salvador.svg San Salvador, El Salvador 116,931 Decrease 1 Increase 5.37 Aeroméxico Connect, Avianca El Salvador
30 United States Detroit, USA 101,102 Increase 2 Increase 45.76 Delta Air Lines
Notes
  • ^2 Official statistics include JFK and Newark airports.

Inter-terminal transportation[edit]

Mexico City airport inter-terminal transit with Terminal 2 in background.

Terminal 1 is connected to Terminal 2 by the Aerotrén monorail system in which only connecting passengers with hand baggage are allowed to use with their boarding pass. Technical and cabin crew can also use it. Normal operation hours are from 5:00 am to 11:00 pm, every day of the year, and the first run always begins from T2 to T1; the last run of the day is to T2. The distance between the terminals is 3 km (1.9 mi). and the Airtrain's speed is 45 km/h (28 mph). The Airtrain journey, once the doors are fully closed therefore takes approximately 4 minutes and 40 seconds between stations in both directions. Also, if you arrive as a train is leaving the maximum waiting period for the next train is 11 minutes. Also there is a land service between terminals called "inter-terminal transportation". These buses are located at entrance no. 6 of Terminal 1 and entrance no. 4 of Terminal 2.

Airport lounges[edit]

  • Terminal 1 (Salón Premier Internacional [AeroMéxico], American Airlines Admiral's Club, American Express Lounge, Iberia VIP Lounge (Iberia/British Airways), United Club [United Airlines].)
  • Terminal 2 (Club Diamante [Aeromar], Salón Premier, Salón Premier Internacional and Riedel Wine Room [AeroMéxico], Travel Pass Elite Lounge [Banamex/CitiBank] and Centurion American Express Lounge.)

Ground transportation[edit]

Metro Mexico City Metro.svg and bus services[edit]

Terminal 1 is served by the Terminal Aérea Metro station, which belongs to Line 5 of the subway, running from Pantitlán station to Politécnico station. It is located just outside the national terminal. Also, trolley bus line G runs from the bus stop next to the Metro to Boulevard Puerto Aéreo station 1.7 km (1.1 mi) away, allowing transfer to Metro Line 1 (one can also take line 5 to Pantitlán and change to line 1, which is a geographical detour). Terminal 2 does not have any Metro station, but is a 700 m (2,300 ft) walk from Pantitlán served by Metro lines 1, 5, 9, A and numerous local buses.

Terminals 1 and 2 have two land terminals operating 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Different bus lines operate from here [1], and provide continuous transportation services to the main cities located around Mexico City, such as Córdoba, Cuernavaca, Pachuca, Puebla, Querétaro, Tlaxcala and Toluca. The Terminal 1 land terminal is located in front of the international area vehicular ramp and its facilities include various services for the comfort of the passengers. Among others, it offers VIP lounges, internet, resting, reading and meeting halls. The Terminal 2 land terminal is located at gate D, between entrance 4 and the national arrival passenger exit, and its facilities include resting halls and a fast food area.

Metrobús Metrobus Mexico.svg[edit]

In late 2010, Head of Government of the Federal District Marcelo Ebrard announced a plan to build a new Metrobús Line 4 that would run from near Buenavista Station in the west of the city towards Mexico City airport. Construction on Line 4 started on July 4, 2011. The plans for Line 4 include a two step construction process with the first 28 km (17 mi) operational segment to be built between Buenavista and Metro San Lázaro. An extension provides travel between San Lázaro and the airport. The line opened on April 1, 2012.

Service Destinations [departing from the airport] Operator
Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 4.svg Metro San Lázaro, TAPO bus station, Historic Centre, Metro Buenavista, Buenavista Station Metrobus Mexico.svg Metrobús, a government-owned corporation.

Authorized taxis[edit]

Taxis are in operation in Terminals 1 and 2 and there are two models of service: Ordinary service in a sedan type vehicle for 4 passengers. Executive service in 8 passengers vans. At present there are 5 taxi groups in operation. These are the only taxis authorized by the Ministry of Communications and Transport (SCT) of the Federal Government. The Terminal 1 taxi boarding areas are located at entrances 1 and 10; and in Terminal 2, boarding areas are located at entrances 3 and 4. Taxi rates are registered under the SCT and include passenger insurance, civil liability and medical expenses for all occupants. To receive the taxi service you must purchase the corresponding ticket previously at the authorized sale points located within the airport. These taxis tend to be more expensive than others.

Parking[edit]

T1 National parking lot is located on Av. Capitán Carlos León in front of entrances 1 and 2 of the terminal building, in the national arrivals zone. It has the capacity of 1,971 vehicles which are permanently monitored by a modern security and surveillance system, by way of closed circuit TV cameras. T1 International parking lot is located on Av. Capitán Carlos León in front of the international area of the terminal building, on one side of the long-distance bus terminal. It has a capacity of 2,106 vehicles. An additional parking option for Terminal 1 airport users is Parking Lot 06, located on Sonora street in front of the taxi rank. Because of its location, it is a useful alternative for those visiting the airport customs, loading area, customs agencies and some airline offices. The new AICM Terminal 2 parking lot is located on one side of the Terminal's great central patio. It has the capacity of 2,437 vehicles.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 10 April 1968, Douglas R4D-3 XA-GEV of Aerovías Rojas crashed on approach, killing all eighteen people on board. The aircraft was operating a domestic scheduled passenger flight, which was the airline's inaugural flight from Aguascalientes International Airport to Mexico City.[13]
  • On October 31, 1979, Western Airlines Flight 2605 crash-landed. The crew of the DC-10 had landed on the wrong runway and the jetliner hit construction vehicles that were on the closed runway. There were 78 fatalities (including one on the ground) and 14 survivors.
  • On 12 December 1981, a bomb exploded inside the passenger cabin of a parked Aeronica Boeing 727-100(registered YN-BXW) at Mexico City International Airport, tearing a hole into the fuselage. The captain, two flight attendants and a ground worker were injured. They had been on board the aircraft for pre-departure checks for a scheduled passenger flight to San Salvador and onwards to Managua Augusto C. Sandino International Airport.
  • An Aero California DC-9-15 overran in 2006, during an intense storm at the airport. There were no victims, but the aircraft was scrapped. However, a woman died later due to a heart attack.[citation needed]
  • On November 4, 2008 An official Mexican Interior Ministry LearJet 45 crashed on approach around 18:45 local time. On board were Mexican Secretary of the Interior Juan Camilo Mouriño, who was top aide to President Felipe Calderón. Mouriño was in charge of the fight against the drug trade in Mexico. Also on board was José Luis Santiago Vasconcelos, former assistant attorney general and current head of the federal technical secretariat for implementing the recent constitutional reforms on criminal justice and public security. All seven on board perished along with six others on the ground. 40 others on the ground were injured. The crash was attributed to the pilot error.
  • On September 9, 2009, hijacked Aeroméxico Flight 576 landed at Mexico City International Airport from Cancún International Airport.
  • On September 13, 2009, Lufthansa Cargo McDonnell-Douglas MD-11 D-ALCO was damaged in a heavy landing. Post landing inspection revealed that there were wrinkles in the fuselage skin and the nose gear was bent.[14] According to a Lufthansa spokesman, the aircraft will be repaired and returned into full service.[15]
  • On June 25, 2012, two federal police officers who were stationed at the airport opened fire at colleagues who were surrounding them and were about to arrest them after an investigation showed they were involved in drug trafficking offenses. Two federal police officers were killed at the scene and a third officer died later at a local hospital. The suspects were able to flee the scene, but their identities are known. Operations at the airport were not affected.[16]
  • On October 29, 2012, an Interjet Flight 2953 made an emergency landing at San Antonio International Airport after suffering engine sputtering problems, caused by a bird strike. The plane had been scheduled to land in Mexico City but had to return to the airport around 10 a.m. The plane landed safely, and there were no fatalities.[17][18][19]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Airport information for MMMX at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  2. ^ Airport information for MEX at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
  3. ^ "Airport official website". AICM. 
  4. ^ "BEGIN SERVICE IN THE AICM T2: Aeromexico, Aeromexico Connect, COPA & LAN (In Spanish)". Mexico City International Airport. Retrieved January 25, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Home." Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares. Retrieved on December 20, 2011. "Av.602 No.161 Col.Zona Federal Aeropuerto Internacional Ciudad de México Delegación Venustiano Carranza, C.P.15620, México D.F."
  6. ^ "Directory: World Airlines." Flight International. March 16–22, 2004. 50. "Hangar 7, Zona "D", Terminal de Aviacion General, Col Federal, Mexico DF, 15620, Mexico"
  7. ^ "DIRECTORIO DE OFICINAS DE VENTAS." Aeromar. August 16, 2007. 3/7. "CORPORATIVO MEXICO Hangar No. 1 Zona "D" Col. Federal 15620 México, D. F."
  8. ^ "Directorio." Aviacsa. Retrieved on January 23, 2011. "DIRECCIÓN COMERCIAL Hangar 1, Zona "C", Col. Aviación Gral. [...] Aeropuerto Int. de la Cd. de México. C.P. 15520"
  9. ^ "AeroMexico Announces New Service on he Mexico City - Rio de Janeiro Route". PR Newswire. 14 February 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2014. 
  10. ^ "Statistics Mexico City Airport". Mexico City International Airport. Retrieved January 25, 2010. 
  11. ^ http://www.sct.gob.mx/transporte-y-medicina-preventiva/aeronautica-civil/estadistica/
  12. ^ http://www.sct.gob.mx/transporte-y-medicina-preventiva/aeronautica-civil-/estadistica/
  13. ^ "XA-GEV Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 July 2011. 
  14. ^ "Accident: Lufthansa Cargo MD11 at Mexico City on Sep 13th 2009, hard landing". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 11 October 2009. 
  15. ^ "Lufthansa Cargo wird D-ALCO in Stand setzen". aero.de/Aviation Media & IT. Retrieved 24 October 2009. (German)
  16. ^ "Rogue police officers kill 3 colleagues at Mexico City airport". BNO News. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2012. 
  17. ^ "Passengers Stranded After Bird Strikes Plane's Engine". 29 October 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  18. ^ "FlightAware ✈ Live Flight Tracker ✈ Interjet (4O) #2953 ✈ 28-Oct-2012 ✈ KSAT - MMMX / MEX Flight Tracker". Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  19. ^ Ley, Ana (29 October 2012). "Plane makes emergency landing in S.A.". Retrieved 29 October 2012. 

External links[edit]