Benjamin Constant (Brazil)
- This article concerns the Brazilian military man Benjamin Constant Botelho de Magalhães; for others like the European writer and politician see Benjamin Constant (disambiguation).
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- This article concerns the Brazilian military man and politician; for others see Benjamin Constant (disambiguation).
He was born at Niterói.
Primarily a positivist, influenced heavily by Auguste Comte, he was the founder of the positivist movement in Brazil (Sociedade Positivista do Brasil, Brazilian Positivist Society), and later this led to his republican views. He left the Brazilian Positivist society because of internal disagreements, but remained an ardent pupil of Comte until the end of his life.
Benjamin Constant had a difficult childhood and attempted suicide at the age of 12. He served in the Paraguayan War, and had a large family. He felt underpaid and unhappy as a soldier. An intellectual at heart, he was a great supporter of Comte's Religion of Humanity.
His Republican views led him to found the Clube Militar (or Military Club), with Deodoro da Fonseca, in May 1887. It was based in the Praia Vermelha Military School, and, shortly before his death, overthrew the emperor and helped establish a republic.
A Brazilian town near the Amazon river was given his name.
He was considered the founder of the Republic in the Constitution of 1891.
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