Benjamin Franklin Terry
|Benjamin Franklin Terry|
February 18, 1821|
|Died||December 17, 1861
|Buried at||Houston Texas.|
|Allegiance||Confederate States of America|
|Service/branch||Confederate States Army|
|Commands held||8th Texas Cavalry|
|Battles/wars||Battle of Rowlett's Station|
Benjamin Franklin Terry (February 18, 1821–December 17, 1861) became the first commander of the Eighth Texas Cavalry Terry's Texas Rangers during the American Civil War. A plantation owner and leading citizen of Fort Bend County, he organized the regiment to serve in the Confederate States Army. Terry was killed in the regiment's first action at Rowlett's Station near Woodsonville, Kentucky. Terry County, Texas was named after him, as was B. F. Terry High School in Richmond, Texas.
Born on February 18, 1821 in Russellville, Kentucky, the son of Joseph R. and Sarah D. (Smith) Terry. His grandfathers, Nathaniel Terry and David Smith, had been officers in the American Revolutionary War, and the latter also served under Andrew Jackson in the War of 1812.
Terry's family moved to Brazoria County, Texas when he was a boy. One brother David S. Terry later moved to California and served on that state's Supreme Court. A second brother Clinton Terry became an attorney at Brazoria. With his business partner William F. Kyle, Terry bought the 2,500-acre Oakland plantation for $25 per acre in 1853. Paying off the debt by 1858, he successfully farmed cotton and sugar cane and raised a family at the plantation in Fort Bend County. In 1860, Terry and his 38 year old wife Mary had six children, David, age 17, Mary, 12, Frank Jr., 10, Sally, 7, Kyle, 5 and Cornelia, 2.  In 1862, his brother Clinton joined the Confederate Army and was killed at the Battle of Shiloh. His son Kyle later became deeply involved in the Jaybird-Woodpecker War and was shot to death in the Galveston courthouse in 1890.
By reason of his wealth, large physical size, and popularity, Frank Terry became a leader in Fort Bend County. On January 9, 1861 he was elected a delegate to the Secession Convention in Austin. Terry and two fellow delegates, Thomas S. Lubbock and John A. Wharton, conceived the idea of organizing at least one company of Texas cavalrymen for the new government.
In February and March 1861 Terry was one of the senior officers aiding John Salmon Ford and Ebenezar B. Nichols in the campaign to disarm the federal troops at Brazos Santiago. In June 1861 Terry, Lubbock, Wharton, and perhaps as many as fifty other Texans sailed from Galveston to New Orleans and then caught the train to Richmond to offer their services to the Confederate Army. In Richmond Terry and Lubbock secured positions as volunteer aides to General James Longstreet. Both men were appointed colonel, a term attached as a courtesy for their volunteer service, and participated with distinction in the First Battle of Bull Run.
Afterward, the Confederate States War Department granted the authority to organize a cavalry regiment. At Houston on August 12, 1861, Terry and Lubbock issued a call for volunteers that was answered by 1,170 men. The rangers were sworn into service in September, but Terry delayed their final organization until late November, when they were officially designated the Eighth Texas Cavalry. The regiment started immediately for Virginia but en route was diverted to Nashville, Tennessee and then later ordered to Bowling Green, Kentucky.
On December 17, 1861, Terry was killed in the first action fought by the rangers at Battle of Rowlett's Station near Woodsonville, Kentucky. The battle, however, abruptly ended in a Confederate victory. Terry's body was sent by train to Nashville where the legislature adjourned and joined in a procession escorting the remains to be held in state at the Tennessee Capitol. The body lay in state in New Orleans and then Houston, where the funeral procession was described as "the most imposing ever seen in this state." Governor Lubbock lauded Terry in the state Senate: "no braver man ever lived-no truer patriot ever died." Terry County was later named in his honor.
- Wharton, Clarence R. (2001). History of Fort Bend County. Austin, Tex.: Fort Bend Museum Association and Eakin Press. pp. 159–160.
- Wharton (2001), p. 166
- Wharton (2001), p. 168
- Wharton (2001), p. 217